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In 1972, without the aid of the internet, or cell phones, or any other hi-tech assistance, the HOUSEWIVES and MOTHERS ALL ACROSS AMERICA FLEXED THEIR MUSCLES -
THEY BOYCOTTED BEEF because of high prices.
PRICES FELL RAPIDLY! BOYCOTT - A NON-VIOLENT TOOL - AND FREEDOM!
Copyright: 02-01-08 - Tom Hyland
Some of us have referred to the obviously unfair treatment imposed upon smokers by all branches of government as - GESTAPO TACTICS, or FASCIST INVASIONS on FREEDOM.
While non-smokers may well outnumber smokers now, is does not take a rocket scientist to figure out that - FAIR IS FAIR, AND FOUL IS FOUL!
If non-smokers are given the protection of the law in all Restaurants, that is totally understood and accepted by most smokers, and we didn’t fuss much.
But now, the SMOKE NAZIS have attacked the last BASTIONS of smokers - the BARS! This, my friends is totally UN-FAIR, WRONG, AND DESPICABLE!
Most bars are frequented by mostly smokers, and the ‘normal’ attendance by non-smokers is minimal. The greater majority of POOL SHOOTERS IN BARS, ARE SMOKERS.
BAR OWNERS should have the RIGHT to make a decision to protect their business investment and interests! An owner should have the FREEDOM TO CHOOSE whether his/her place is either SMOKING, or NON-SMOKING, and POST A SIGN OUTSIDE ACCORDINGLY!
Then, each individual could make a clear-cut CHOICE to enter or not enter, at his or her own RISK. If a bar is a smoking environment, and a person wants to WORK there, then that person should be required to sign an affidavit to ACCEPT THAT FACT - PERIOD! Not bitch and moan because they don’t like the atmosphere. Don’t like it? Go get a job in a non-smoking bar! THAT IS FAIR TO ALL CONCERNED - THE OWNER, THE PATRONS - THE EMPLOYEES!
WHAT, if anything can SMOKERS actually DO about this untenable FASCIST LAW?
BOYCOTT ! SAY NO - DON’T GO!
This state of MARYLAND - ironically called THE FREESTATE, has just RAPED US ALL WITH A ONE DOLLAR INCREASE PER PACK ON CIGARETTES - Now, to add insult to injury, both Baltimore City and Baltimore County affected a SMOKING BAN in all BARS, effective today, February 1st, 2008.
I already told all the members of my three pool teams that I would NOT BE THERE - Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday nights! The bar will NOT get the money I normally spend on food and drinks, and the FOR AMUSEMENT ONLY SLOTS - and both Pool Leagues, APA and TAP, will NOT get the fees I normally pay, every week!
I have been shooting pool for over seven years now, and it is my favorite pastime - but there is a principle involved - I HATE NAZIS!
Yes, my friends, this is AMERICA - HOME OF THE FREE AND THE BRAVE - so, I can’t force you to do anything you don’t want to do, but if you value our FREEDOMS, then you better wake up fast, because this country is going down the tubes rapidly, led by ANTI-smoking DO-GOODERS!
If MARY DOE and JOHN DOE want to KILL THEMSELVES AND THEIR CHILDREN by OVER-EATING - DONUTS - TWINKIES - WHOPPERS - SUPER-SIZE-ME’S - GREASY FRENCH-FRIES, and the like - OBESITY - DIABETES ---- THAT’S PERFECTLY OKAY AND COMPLETELY LEGAL - RIGHT?
But, I’ll bet you a DOLLAR TO A DONUT THAT I WILL OUTLIVE ALL OF THEM!
AND THAT IS SUCKING IN BOTH - THE FIRST-HAND SMOKE, AND THE SECOND-HAND SMOKE!
WANT SOME BACKUP MATERIAL?
The anti-tobacco campaign of the Nazis: a little known aspect of public health in Germany, 1933-45
Robert N Proctor, professor of the history of science a a Department of History, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, United States
Historians and epidemiologists have only recently begun to explore the Nazi anti-tobacco movement. Germany had the world's strongest antismoking movement in the 1930s and early 1940s, encompassing bans on smoking in public spaces, bans on advertising, restrictions on tobacco rations for women, and the world's most refined tobacco epidemiology, linking tobacco use with the already evident epidemic of lung cancer. The anti-tobacco campaign must be understood against the backdrop of the Nazi quest for racial and bodily purity, which also motivated many other public health efforts of the era.
Medical historians in recent years have done a great deal to enlarge our understanding of medicine and public health in Nazi Germany. We know that about half of all doctors joined the Nazi party and that doctors played a major part in designing and administering the Nazi programmes of forcible sterilisation, "euthanasia," and the industrial scale murder of Jews and gypsies.1 2 Much of our present day concern for the abuse of humans used in experiments stems from the extreme brutality many German doctors showed towards concentration camp prisoners exploited to advance the cause of German military medicine.3
Tobacco in the Reich
One topic that has only recently begun to attract attention is the Nazi anti-tobacco movement.4 5 6 Germany had the world's strongest antismoking movement in the 1930s and early 1940s, supported by Nazi medical and military leaders worried that tobacco might prove a hazard to the race.1 4 Many Nazi leaders were vocal opponents of smoking. Anti-tobacco activists pointed out that whereas Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt were all fond of tobacco, the three major fascist leaders of Europe--Hitler, Mussolini, and Franco--were all non-smokers.7 Hitler was the most adamant, characterising tobacco as "the wrath of the Red Man against the White Man for having been given hard liquor." At one point the Fuhrer even suggested that Nazism might never have triumphed in Germany had he not given up smoking.8
German smoking rates rose dramatically in the first six years of Nazi rule, suggesting that the propaganda campaign launched during those early years was largely ineffective.4 5 German smoking rates rose faster even than those of France, which had a much weaker anti-tobacco campaign.
German per capita tobacco use between 1932 and 1939 rose from 570 to 900 cigarettes a year, whereas French tobacco consumption grew from 570 to only 630 cigarettes over the same period.9
Smith et al suggested that smoking may have functioned as a kind of cultural resistance,4 though it is also important to realise that German tobacco companies exercised a great deal of economic and political power, as they do today. German anti-tobacco activists frequently complained that their efforts were no match for the "American style" advertising campaigns waged by the tobacco industry.10 German cigarette manufacturers neutralised early criticism--for example, from the SA (Sturm-Abteilung; stormtroops), which manufactured its own "Sturmzigaretten"--by portraying themselves as early and eager supporters of the regime.11 The tobacco industry also launched several new journals aimed at countering anti-tobacco propaganda.
In a pattern that would become familiar in the United States and elsewhere after the second world war, several of these journals tried to dismiss the anti-tobacco movement as "fanatic" and "unscientific." One such journal featured the German word for science twice in its title (Der Tabak: Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Internationalen Tabakwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft, founded in 1940).
We should also realise that tobacco provided an important source of revenue for the national treasury. In 1937-8 German national income from tobacco taxes and tariffs exceeded 1 billion Reichsmarks.12 By 1941, as a result of new taxes and the annexation of Austria and Bohemia, Germans were paying nearly twice that. According to Germany's national accounting office, by 1941 tobacco taxes constituted about one twelfth of the government's entire income.13 Two hundred thousand Germans were said to owe their livelihood to tobacco--an argument that was reversed by those who pointed to Germany's need for additional men in its labour force, men who could presumably be supplied from the tobacco industry.14
Culmination of the campaign: 1939-41
German anti-tobacco policies accelerated towards the end of the 1930s, and by the early war years tobacco use had begun to decline. The Luftwaffe banned smoking in 1938 and the post office did likewise. Smoking was barred in many workplaces, government offices, hospitals, and rest homes. The NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) announced a ban on smoking in its offices in 1939, at which time SS chief Heinrich Himmler announced a smoking ban for all uniformed police and SS officers while on duty.15 The Journal of the American Medical Association that year reported Hermann Goering's decree barring soldiers from smoking on the streets, on marches, and on brief off duty periods.16
"Our Fuhrer Adolf Hitler drinks no alcohol and does not smoke.... His performance at work is incredible." (From Auf der Wacht 1937:18)
Sixty of Germany's largest cities banned smoking on street cars in 1941.17 Smoking was banned in air raid shelters--though some shelters reserved separate rooms for smokers.18 During the war years tobacco rationing coupons were denied to pregnant women (and to all women below the age of 25) while restaurants and cafes were barred from selling cigarettes to female customers.19 From July 1943 it was illegal for anyone under the age of 18 to smoke in public.20 Smoking was banned on all German city trains and buses in 1944, the initiative coming from Hitler himself, who was worried about exposure of young female conductors to tobacco smoke.21 Nazi policies were heralded as marking "the beginning of the end" of tobacco use in Germany.14
German tobacco epidemiology by this time was the most advanced in the world. Franz H Muller in 1939 and Eberhard Schairer and Erich Schoniger in 1943 were the first to use case-control epidemiological methods to document the lung cancer hazard from cigarettes.22 23 Muller concluded that the "extraordinary rise in tobacco use" was "the single most important cause of the rising incidence of lung cancer."22 Heart disease was another focus and was not infrequently said to be the most serious illness brought on by smoking.24 Late in the war nicotine was suspected as a cause of the coronary heart failure suffered by a surprising number of soldiers on the eastern front. A 1944 report by an army field pathologist found that all 32 young soldiers whom he had examined after death from heart attack on the front had been "enthusiastic smokers." The author cited the Freiburg pathologist Franz Buchner's view that cigarettes should be considered "a coronary poison of the first order."25
On 20 June 1940 Hitler ordered tobacco rations to be distributed to the military "in a manner that would dissuade" soldiers from smoking.24 Cigarette rations were limited to six per man per day, with alternative rations available for non-smokers (for example, chocolate or extra food). Extra cigarettes were sometimes available for purchase, but these were generally limited to 50 per man per month and were often unavailable--as during times of rapid advance or retreat. Tobacco rations were denied to women accompanying the Wehrmacht. An ordinance on 3 November 1941 raised tobacco taxes to a higher level than they had ever been (80-95% of the retail price). Tobacco taxes would not rise that high again for more than a quarter of a century after Hitler's defeat.26
Impact of the war and postwar poverty
The net effect of these and other measures (for instance, medical lectures to discourage soldiers from smoking) was to lower tobacco consumption by the military during the war years. A 1944 survey of 1000 servicemen found that, whereas the proportion of soldiers smoking had increased (only 12.7% were non-smokers), the total consumption of tobacco had decreased--by just over 14%. More men were smoking (101 of those surveyed had taken up the habit during the war, whereas only seven had given it up) but the average soldier was smoking about a quarter (23.4%) less tobacco than in the immediate prewar period. The number of very heavy smokers (30 or more cigarettes daily) was down dramatically--from 4.4% to only 0.3%--and similar declines were recorded for moderately heavy smokers.24
Postwar poverty further cut consumption.
According to official statistics German tobacco use did not reach prewar levels again until the mid-1950s. The collapse was dramatic: German per capita consumption dropped by more than half from 1940 to 1950, whereas American consumption nearly doubled during that period.6 9 French consumption also rose, though during the four years of German occupation cigarette consumption declined by even more than in Germany9--suggesting that military conquest had a larger effect than Nazi propaganda.
After the war Germany lost its position as home to the world's most aggressive anti-tobacco science. Hitler was dead but also many of his anti-tobacco underlings either had lost their jobs or were otherwise silenced. Karl Astel, head of Jena's Institute for Tobacco Hazards Research (and rector of the University of Jena and an officer in the SS), committed suicide in his office on the night of 3-4 April 1945. Reich Health Fuhrer Leonardo Conti, another anti-tobacco activist, committed suicide on 6 October 1945 in an allied prison while awaiting prosecution for his role in the euthanasia programme. Hans Reiter, the Reich Health Office president who once characterised nicotine as "the greatest enemy of the people's health" and "the number one drag on the German economy"27 was interned in an American prison camp for two years, after which he worked as a physician in a clinic in Kassel, never again returning to public service. Gauleiter Fritz Sauckel, the guiding light behind Thuringia's antismoking campaign and the man who drafted the grant application for Astel's anti-tobacco institute, was executed on 1 October 1946 for crimes against humanity. It is hardly surprising that much of the wind was taken out of the sails of Germany's anti-tobacco movement.
END OF COPY AND PASTE -
AUTHOR’S FOOTNOTE: -
Wouldn’t it be nice if all of our SELF-SERVING, LYING POLITICIANS COMMITTED HARY-CARY ALSO?
NOTICE TO ALL NON-SMOKERS: -
Would that you would all unite also - and with the same fervor -
AGAINST THE CORPORATIONS BELCHING OUT MORE POLLUTION IN OUR ATMOSPHERE THAN ALL SMOKERS COMBINED -
SAY NO -
MAYBE IF THE BARS LOSE ENOUGH MONEY, THE BOYZ AT ‘BIG BROTHER’ WILL BE FORCED TO RESCIND THEIR STUPID, UNFAIR LAW?
PEACE --- TOM
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|Reviewed by Karla Dorman, The StormSpinner
|What's next? Sad: no, smoking isn't good for you, but neither is drunk driving ... too much fat ... aspartame ... our choice to inject/imbime/enjoy. There are apartments that will not rent to smokers. Not fair: we pay more taxes than anybody!!!
(((HUGS))) and love, Karla.
|Reviewed by Jackie (Micke) Jinks
|I have to agree with Ed, inasmuch as a boycot would only effect more of the "Mom and Pop" businesses closing their doors.
I'm aghast that the American Public has bought into the Feds/Big Corps. brainwashing. I'm not advocating that cigaret smoking is healthy for you; just that it is NOT as unhealthy as promoted! Oh, it's not just Maryland that enforced the $1 per pack tax increase; all over the U.S.! And WHAT A COVERUP is this "smoking...bad"!! For nearly 30 years the Govmt. has continued with this propaganda to override the REAL PROBLEMS (as noted in Ed's review).
Let's see: In thirty years -
cigarette smoking has decreased; cigarette taxes have risen nearly $3; polutions by BIG CORP. has increased; obesity has increased; diabitis has increased; autisms has increased; muscular dystrophy has increased; banning smoking in Fed., State, Civic, offices, restaurants, bars, other public areas and within 25 ft. of public places; more people getting sick from "unknown causes" and all health providers (Dr., Phcy, etc) costs have risen exorbitantly; Big Corp. labor jobs have been transferred overseas; etc., etc., etc.
Where are the Peoples Priorities?
Many people do not allow smoking in their homes; I respect that...until I notice none of them have protection/warnings of carbon monoxide...duh!
Oh, you got us started, Tom! The Grand "Duh"ing of America!
|Reviewed by Mr. Ed
|MAYBE IF THE BARS LOSE ENOUGH MONEY, THE BOYZ AT ‘BIG BROTHER’ WILL BE FORCED TO RESCIND THEIR STUPID, UNFAIR LAW?
Alas, I doubt that very much, my friend. I think the powerful Neo Corporate Nazis are just beginning. What are most bars? They are quaint old, neighborhood, family run, Mom and Pop businesses.
Did those boyz at Big Brother shed any tears when the Mom and Pop Candy Stores, Grocery Stores, Drug Stores, and a myriad other marvelous small family run enterprises were run out of business and forced to close because they could no longer compete with the powerful corporate giants? I don't think so.
We are rapidly becoming a nation of Horrendous Uniformity, where everyone is now being forced to shop, dine, and even live in gigantic corporate run national enterprises, including gigantic suburban subdivisions in which every single home looks exactly the same. And if they are the only game left in town, people will still frequent them, and live in their communities, smoking or not.
I can also envision a day approaching where smoking is even banned outdoors, and I can see that billion dollar spy satellite zooming in on you in your own yard, as you light up, and the bells and buzzers immediately sound, and the Smoke Police quickly arrive at your home to issue you a 'Pollution Citation,' while the enormous corporate run factory, with its enormous smoke stacks, merrily continues to emit its never ending toxic fumes - 24-7 - and no one blinks an eye.
Ain't Corporate America Grand??!!
|Reviewed by John Martin
|Remember the kids in school who use to raise their hand and tell the teacher, “Mrs. Smograss, Tommy didn’t do his homework,” Or,” Mrs. Smograss , you forgot to give us homework for tonight.” You remember those kids, the weasels’ that didn’t fit in, and nobody liked. The ones that tried to push you around with, “I’m going to tell the teacher." Did you ever wonder what happened to them? Well, I can tell you, it was too late for them to join Hitler‘s Nazis Party, so he started their own Nazis Party. We'r not talking about non-smokers, but ANTI-SMOKERS, or Smoke Nazis as I refer to them. They‘re using the government to get even with us for them being social out casts. Recession, you say!. Thanks to their efforts they have taken hundreds of billions of dollars out of the economy with their get even with smokers laws. My kids are grown now but even if they weren‘t there is no way I would go to Disney World again. I don‘t eat at non-smoking restaurants either, I rent or buy CDs rather then going out to see movies. I’m sure those poor people who work in those establishments have noticed that fact, since their dollar plus tips have turned to nickels and dimes and that's after having been abused by the weasels. Yes, not only are they obnoxious but they’re cheap as hell, too. It’s odd isn’t it that people who don’t go to bars and eat out once in a blue moon are controlling the environment of those establishments. In fact, here in Scranton Pa, a couple hundred grammar school kids, lead by certain “Teachers” partitioned city hall to ban smoking in bars. So next time your in a bar, don’t forget to ask the grammar school kid sitting next to you, “Hey kid, do you mind if I smoke.” You‘re right on target, Tom.|
|Reviewed by Keith Rowley
|Well said. I onl wish more Americans would defend their freedom to choose. The last bastion of freedom is becoming the stronghold of nanny fascism.|