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Willie Maartens

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Viking King (The MacLomain Series: Viking Ancestors, Book 1)
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The Creation Equation: About the Normal and the 'Paranormal'
by Willie Maartens   
Rated "G" by the Author.
Last edited: Friday, May 23, 2008
Posted: Friday, May 23, 2008

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In the beginning ...

In the beginning, the Universal Spirit created one-celled, marine archaebacteria, but then very soon realised the limitations of these one-celled microbes (micro-organisms) as vehicles of life. However, the Universal Spirit realised that if It wanted to create multi-celled organism, or macro-organisms, It would need very sophisticated software (mind) as well as hardware (bodies) to operate in an extraordinarily integrated manner.

 In general, what exactly do we need to create something in this world? Specifically, what do we need to create, say a table? Well, we need a skilled creator, a plan for a table, the right tools, the correct materials, a suitable energy source, and a suitable place to work.

 Therefore, we can then say that the table (T) is a function (f) of a creator (G), knowledge & skill (k), information (i), tools/technology (t), matter (m), energy (e), and space (s). In mathematical parlance, this can now be represented as:

 Table = f (creator, knowledge & skill, information, tools/technology, matter, energy, space).

 Alternatively, T = f (G, k, i, t, m, e, s).

 Now, in economical parlance we can say that the production (Y) in a country’s economy is a function (f) of labour input (L), capital input (K), raw materials (M), land (S), returns to scale (v), and the efficiency parameter (π). The economic equation for production (‘the Production Function’) is therefore:

 Y = f (L, K, M, S, v, π).

 What we see above are creation equations. It tells us what we need to manufacture (create) something – the ingredients, not a recipe. These equations can be expanded into models (‘maps’, ‘recipes’) to tell us exactly how much of each resource (input) we need to produce a certain output.

 We can now theoretically do exactly the same to create life in the universe; that is, what we need to create life. We can call this formula (recipe) the ‘Creation Equation: a Model of Life in the Universe and the Way We Think About It’.

 Now, we can then say that Life (L) is a function (f) of a Creator (G), knowledge and skill (k), information (i), tools/technology (t), matter (m), energy (e), and space (s). In our mathematical parlance, this can now be represented as:

 Life = f (Creator, knowledge & skill, information, tools/technology, matter, energy, space).

 Alternatively, L = f (G, k, i, t, m, e, s).

 These equations are also information – actually an amalgamation of knowledge and information. Furthermore, do not worry about where this matter and energy comes from. [Maybe it just came about after the Big Bang from nothing.]

 Nevertheless, this is not the full extent of our problem because we can now ask ourselves, what do you need to create something from nothing, or say a universe from a single singularity? Well, let us say, you start with an equation! If you do not believe me, then ask any mathematician or physicist!

 So, now we are in a position to create life – ‘theoretically’ at least! But, do not despair, because in modern science, theory is everything and a mathematical equation is ‘God’!

 If we do run into problems with our equation, do not be despondent – we can again just expand it, or correct it. We can add in random chance, unique material soups, weird and wonderful energy radiations, et cetera, et cetera. We can also take away any factor (variable) – who needs a Creator? – We have equations. Nevertheless, we now know everything! We can create life! We are so bloody clever! We are now self-acknowledged ‘Gods’ in the universe! But – we will have to do something about that damn ‘entropy’ thing!

 ‘They can beg and they can plead
But they can’t see the light, that’s right
’Cause the boy with the cold hard cash
Is always Mister Right, ‘cause we are
Living in a material world
And I am a material girl
You know that we are living in a material world
And I am a material girl’ (From the song, ‘Living in a Material World’. Song and lyrics by Madonna

 The Second Law of Thermodynamics (the law of entropy) apparently, and according to scientists, also among other things proves that things in the universe tend to become more disorganised, rather than becoming more organised over time (life apparently is a temporary exception).

 Energy can be converted into work, and the Law of Conservation of Energy (the First Law of Thermodynamics) states that the quantity of energy in the universe must stay forever the same. Remember now, we cannot create or destroy energy under any circumstances – never, ever! However, can one, then, convert energy into work endlessly? Since energy is never destroyed, can it be converted into work repeatedly forever?

 Remember, energy essentially is just the movement of atoms and subatomic particles. When they vibrate faster more energy, slower, then less energy. But once started they never stop because energy in a closed system is forever constant and now forget about the Third Law of Thermodynamics and absolute zero, i.e. zero Kelvin.

 In 1824, a French physicist, Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (1796-1832), showed that in order to produce physical work, heat energy had to be unevenly distributed through a system. There had to be a greater than average concentration in one part and a smaller than average concentration in another part of a system. The amount of work that could be obtained depended on the difference in concentration. While work was produced the difference in concentration evened out. When the energy was spread uniformly, no more work could be obtained, even though all the energy was still there!

 In 1850, Rudolf Clausius (1822-1888) a Prussian mathematical physicist who formulated the Second Law of Thermodynamics (entropy) and is credited with making thermodynamics a science, made this ‘rule’ general and applied it to all forms of energy – not just to heat. In the physical universe as a whole, he showed, there are differences in energy concentration. Gradually, over the aeons, the differences are evening out, so that the amount of work it will be possible to obtain will grow less and less forever, until all the energy is evened out entirely and no more work is possible. This then is the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the Conservation of Energy being the First Law of Thermodynamics.

 Clausius worked out a particular relationship of heat to temperature (Heat over Temperature, or ‘H/T’, measured in joule/kilogram/Kelvin), which, he showed, always increases in value as the difference in energy concentration evened out because energy is constant, but temperature drops. He called this relationship ‘entropy’. Here you must remember that heat (measured in joule) is different from temperature (measured in degrees Celsius).

 The Second Law of Thermodynamics states that the entropy of the universe is always increasing. Entropy is also referred to as ‘the arrow of time from cosmos to chaos’, the ‘heat death of the universe’, and as ‘a measure of the disorder in any closed system’.

 The increase of entropy in physical systems, which marks the direction of ‘time’, could not be explained by the laws of Newtonian mechanics and remained mysterious until Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (1844-1906) clarified the situation by introducing an additional idea (of course!) – the concept of probability.

 With the help of probability theory, the behaviour of complex mechanical systems could be described in terms of statistical laws, and Thermodynamics could be put on a solid Newtonian basis, known as Statistical Mechanics. [If nothing else works, always try statistics!]

 Boltzmann showed that the Second Law of Thermodynamics is a statistical law. Its affirmation that certain processes do not occur – for example, the spontaneous conversion of heat energy into mechanical energy – does not mean that they are impossible but merely that they are extremely unlikely. They could in fact occur!

 With the discovery of quasars and other mysterious energy sources in the universe, though, astronomers were wondering if the Second Law of Thermodynamics really holds everywhere, and under all conditions! They temporarily forgot about statistics!

 The Second Law is one piece of technical bad news from science that has established itself firmly in the non-scientific culture. Everything tends toward disorder. Any process that converts energy from one form to another must lose some as heat (a form of energy). Perfect efficiency is impossible. The universe is a one-way street. Entropy must always increase in the universe and in any hypothetical isolated system within it. However expressed, the Second Law is a rule from which there seems no appeal.

 In thermodynamics that is (possibly?) true . But the Second Law has had a life of its own in intellectual realms far removed from science, taking the blame for disintegration of societies, economic decay, the breakdown of manners, and many other variations on the decadent theme. These secondary, metaphorical incarnations of the Second Law now seem especially misguided. In our world, complexity nourishes, and those looking to science for a general understanding of nature’s habits will be better served by the laws of chaos.

 As far as I know, the Second Law of Thermodynamics says nothing about energy generated by gravity and/or electromagnetism. Theoretically, if there were no atomic movement (at zero, or nearly zero Kelvin) in a closed system, there would be no electromagnetism, but gravity should still be present and gravity has the potential for work; even if energy is evenly distributed, matter might not be so distributed.

 Nevertheless, sometimes a very simple brain (a simpleton) would only be able to give very simple explanations to try to explain extremely complex phenomenon, e.g. Ockham’s razor!

 However, what about Spirit and mind? Where do these ingredients fit into our creation equation? Even a ‘simple’ PC has a brain (CPU) and mind (software). What about life then? Where is this mind, Spirit? Surely, I will not ask an electrician (or physical scientist) to find this essay (information) on the hard disk of my PC by studying the electrical and magnetic (physical) properties of the hard disk! In fact, if you deny the existence of software (mind) anyway, why look for it?


 Willie Maartens

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