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Einstein:New Evidence -The Plasma Theory of The Universe-Updated 7-15-12 By Lonnie Hicks
Posted: Thursday, November 11, 2010
Last edited: Saturday, September 22, 2012
This short story was "not rated" by the Author.
Einstein and New Evidence That Plasma Theory of the Universe Might Be Correct
7/12/12 Dark Magnetism?
6/20/12 The Higgs Field sounds like Plasma to me. See what you think.
Updated: 11/12/10 More Evidence for The Plasma Theory
Updated: 12/28/10 New evidence for rapid changes in black holes related to the the plasma theory
Updated: 3/27/11 New aspect of magnetic fields in black hole processes. Duh.
Updated: 6-3-11 New References
and Developments in Plasma Theory
Updated: 6-4-11 Comets and the Electric Universe--See six videos
Updated: 6-14-11 A Simple Theory of the Universe Put on the Table.
Update: 7/3/11 What is an alternative theory of the origins of the Solar system: New evidence.
Update: 2/22/12 How much evidence is enough evidence?
Do Black Holes Really Exist or are They a Myth?
The Plasma Theory of the Universe stands as a major alternate theory of how the universe works and centers on the most glaring problems that the standard model of Physics does not explain:
1- The first problem is that the Standard Model of physics does not explain why it is that galaxies do not seem to obey Newtonian or Einsteinian theories; and the latter do not explain black holes either.
2- The second is the astounding fact that the entire universe is considered to be expanding exponentially. The further out the galaxy the faster it is receding from us. This is challenged by Plasma Theory.
These two problems were answered by the Standard Model with the postulation of dark matter, dark energy, and a myriad of particles with strange names like MACHOs WIMP's, neutrinos with mass etc.
After all, it is embarrassing to note, Plasma theorists say, that 95% of the universe is made of up stuff nobody in the standard model can detect.
Into this intellectual breach ride Plasma Theory ideas which offer the following answers:
1-The galaxy problem can be solved if we conceive of space as a super fluid. This kind of behavior has been observed in the lab with He3 and this might be the case on the macro level as well.
2-The galaxy problem is solved if space is filled with an "electric plasma.”. Space is gigantic electrical fields and can be understood as such to explain the galaxy problem. Gravity becomes a function of electrical field interactions. Particles and their interactions become photons and electrons interacting within these electrical fields and within this plasma, which by the way, has some of the same characteristics as a super fluid.
The expansion of the universe, in the one example, is due to the capacity of space to expand infinitely propelled by the mass within space to transform itself into space which can travel at or above light speeds with galaxy sized orbits containing x and gamma rays.
These plasma fields account for expansion in ordinary electrical and charge terms--although this is little vague in terms of what I have read. The idea though is that just as lightening strikes powerfully, it is the power of electricity which drives the great movements we see in the universe. The same would be true on the quantum level as well.
The electric plasma group has a pedigree. See the work of Hannes Alfven who virtually created the field won a Noble prize and basically challenges all of the major premises of the Standard Model:
1-There was no big bang.
2-There is no expansion of the universe
3- There are no black holes
4-The universe is infinite, always was and always will be
5- The Sun does not produce energy by nuclear fusion
6- Stars are not created or destroyed by "collapsing gravity"
5- Most of the process we see in the universe, he says, can be explained and, indeed predicted, by electro-magnetism and positive and negative gas plasma clouds clearly visible in the universe. I will give some citations next time for those wanting to track down this gentleman most of us have never heard of.
Now of the groups of theories above only the super fluid example addresses the quantum issues. And super fluids are being accepted by mainstream physics at this point, and quantum theory itself is slowly backing into adopting the experimental results. I have argued that I am not seeing much difference between super fluids behaviors on the macro and the micro levels but that has to be verified experimentally.
How? Well we will always have CERN. Isn't that in Paris?
Next time--what about my merging universe theory; and who are those electric plasma people and why are they saying those terrible things about the Standard Model?
July 12, 2010
The challenger with all of the above assertions is Hannes Alfven. His student writes on a website devoted to Aflven:
"Alfven's approach to physics was based on insight and intuition. He was quick to understand how nature works and he was able to place new observations into a framework larger than that required to explain the observations themselves. For example, in the early 1930's, cosmic rays were commonly thought to be gamma rays filling the entire universe. However, when they were discovered to be charged particles, Alfven offered in 1937 the novel suggestion that the galaxy contained a large-scale magnetic field and that the cosmic rays moved in spiral orbits within the galaxy, owing to the forces exerted by the magnetic field. He argued that there could be a magnetic field pervading the entire galaxy if plasma was spread throughout the galaxy. This plasma could carry the electrical currents that would then create the galactic magnetic field.
Alfven was a Nobel prize winner (1970) and the list of his credentials is quite impressive for someone few have heard of.
He is credited generally with discovering: electrons and ions move in orbits through gigantic galaxy-sized magnetic fields in space creating electric current flows and argues that this is the real explanation for galaxy behavior and missing matter better than gravity or dark matter.
He apparently, according to his supporters, discovered:
1- The explanation of the Van Allen radiation belt
2- The cause of fluctuations in the earth's magnetic field during magnetic storms
3- alternative explanations of the birth of our galaxies, stars, our solar system and the universe itself in terms of these gigantic magnetic fields where electrons and ions fly sometimes exceeding the speed of light in what has been dubbed the "electric plasma" which dominates space. "Ether" is apparently magnetic and has current flows.
4- He predicted the filamentary structure of the universe in 1963 saying that space is filled with current flows and essentially operates like the familiar dynamo we know on earth.
5- He presented explanations of a large magnetic field which dominates our own galaxy and connected that to the behavior and creation of our Sun; identifying nonthermal astronomical radiation sources. He argued that nearly all radiation recorded by radio telescopes derive from these gigantic magnetic clouds and their radiation.
I am reminded of "black body radiation" experiments Einstein sought to explain in his photoelectric experiments, for which he received a Nobel prize. This is important because his answers in that regard were designed to explain away black body radiation which Alfren explains.
The attempt to explain away black body radiation and its experimental findings gave us quantum mechanics; such experiments show that heat is generated to infinity up and down the spectrum. Unacceptable this was, so the concept of "quanta" in light and Planck's theorems were get around the problem.
Alfren counters that was a wrong turn. The black body radiation is particles moving in galactic magnetic fields and understood today; all of this is moving in a gigantic magnetic field, nothing more; -- all of Einstein's and quantum theories are overkill and incorrect.)
The principle is the same as in a linear accelerator--magnets can move particles to speeds approaching light. This is happening in our universe as well according to Alfven.
Alfven’s supporters claim every day measurements of his claims are available but are discounted by the Physics establishment even as it uses his tools and concepts everyday. Giant magnetic clouds are discovered every day in astronomy but their meaning is never discussed.
Well, this is quite a bit. Reality all around me is changing. Alfven sounds like another Einstein critic and, by the way, what does Alfven have to say about relativity and quantum mechanics? That on tomorrow.
Me? I am going to have another look at that suspicious magnet on my refrigerator. Apparently a lot more than I thought is going on there.
Note for tomorrow:
Alfven is generally given credit as the father of Magneto hydrodynamics, for which he won a Nobel prize.
he emphasized that:
In order to understand the phenomena in a certain plasma region, it is necessary to map not only the magnetic but also the electric field and the electric currents. Space is filled with a network of currents which transfer energy and momentum over large or very large distances. The currents often pinch to filamentary or surface currents. The latter are likely to give space, as also interstellar and intergalactic space, a
His theoretical work on field-aligned electric currents in the aurora (based on earlier work by Kristian Birkeland) was confirmed by satellite observations, in 1974, resulting in the discovery of Birkeland currents.
So here we are dear reader ready to explore more of the electric plasma idea and to evaluate it.
There can be no question that many if not most of Alfven's ideas about magnetic and electrical stellar fields have been actively accepted and a whole new field of magnetohydrodynamics has evolved to examine the nature of the universe and the stars from that vantage point
A cursory look at Science Daily and other sources show discoveries which seem to verify his ideas of how the magnetic-electrical universe works.
What would be the summary of it in terms of what can be empirically verified?
1- The Universe indeed seem to be populated by plasmas of huge size which include particles (hydrogen ions and charged electrons mostly) which interact with star and planetary magneto-electrical fields of immense size and these and may be involved in star formation and even destruction. Gravitational effects are much less. (Those wanting citations for this can email me.) But you can search on "electric plasma" in Science Daily and there are over three thousand results.
His results are now given names like "magnetic reconnection" "pinching in magnetic fields" but they are predicted by his writings. Huge magnetic dust clouds funnel particles along magnetic lines of force and pinch or reconcile at some points of interaction with other galaxy sized fields and help create stars and planets, not gravity alone. In fact, these fields have cosmic rays and ions orbiting entire regions hundreds and thousands of light years in diameter. In dense ion areas these concentrations light up in the visible light range in others they are dark until these ions become energized by entering magnetic fields.
The four-satellite European Cluster group more or less verified these processes at work in connection with the earth's magneto-sphere and plasma, beginning in 2001 and again in 2004.
2- His ideas are accepted in electro-magnetic fluid dynamics and a particular wave behavior in these type fluids is called Alfven waves.
Therefore, much of Alfven's work has been verified.
What are still controversial are his conclusions from the above observations and theories. Let's see what his conclusions were and why he came to them, and how they constitute a serious challenge to the Standard Model, Einstein's views and those of quantum mechanics.
We will take them one blog at a time.
The first is that Alfven challenged the notion that the universe is expanding; (and just when I was getting used to that notion.) His reasoning was that the famous Hubble experiment was erroneous and Hubble himself later in life said so and so did his assistant. (More detail on this later.)
The universe is not expanding Alfven says (the red shift analysis of the light of stars was made without understanding the role of the electro-magnetic plasma at work. Alfven makes the assertion that this is an error. The red shift, in fact, is a gas plasma indication a young star being born not a receding star or cluster. He indicates that the idea that the further away a star or galaxy is the faster it is receding does not makes sense and is not backed up by any real data other than this so-called red-shift data. Others of his followers also indicate that "gravitational lensing" techniques which are used to buttress this proposition makes no sense either.
For those who may not know, "gravitational lensing" is the purported process where by light from distant galaxies, say ones from the youth of the universe, "bends" around intervening and younger galaxies allowing us to observe them. The rationale is that light is affected by the gravity of these intervening galaxies and this "bending" allows that light to continue on to us as opposed to being blocked. Einstein is cited to account for this effect.
Alfven and his later supporters point out that this lensing would require such precise lining up of the near and far galaxies so as to be exceeding rare and probably not exist at all. After all how many galaxies must be between the earliest ones and our own? Lots. So lensing would be broken up at some point along the way and all we would get is a distorted view at best.
This second technique of measuring the so-called receding universe is also flawed.
Here we go. Does this mean that Einstein's "cosmological constant" is being dusted off and brought back in to the conversation? Yes, indeedy.
The implication of a non-expanding universe? Hold your hat. They are:
1-No expanding universe and no dark energy
2-No expansion, no big bang, no inflation theory, and a whole new theory of background cosmic radiation is needed because while this radiation was supposed to be what was discovered in the 60's and has a smooth texture and temperature of the entire cosmos, therefore, doesn't make sense. Something, the Alfven people say, is wrong with that map because there was no big bang to produce such a phenomena.
Let's have a look tomorrow at the Hubble data and also at Alfven's own description of how this not-expanding universe works.
Tomorrow: Oh boy. What do we do now?
July 15, 2010
Well lets evaluate Plasma and Electric Notions of matter and ether (yes we are back to that never-ending discussion of ether or aether.
What do the electric universe people have to say about the major issues we have discussed?
Lets take gravity first and it's nature.
Newton gave up on understanding it. Einstein ridiculed it as "spooky action at a distance" in classical terms and offered an explanation of gravity as space-time interacting with mass and the former bending- and creating gravity. I and others have placed gravity as an external force from another membrane universe; still others postulate gravity as part of a unified field of particles but don't offer much more insight as to what it is. Quantum mechanics has nothing real to add to this.
Desperate for answers we turn to electric plasma theory people and see what they have to say.
Here goes: Wal Thornhill and Donald Scott "the latter a leading string theorist and Nobel prize winner) appear to agree on some main electric universe ideas on gravity.
I will quote Thornhill at length since any attempt on my part to paraphrase will likely fail.
"The equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass implies that gravity is also an electrical force. Before Einstein, some noted scientists were suggesting that the gravitational force between neutral particles might ultimately be due to electrical polarization within the particles. In 1882, Friedrich Zöllner wrote in the introduction to his book, Explanation of Universal Gravitation through the Static Action of Electricity and The General Importance of Weber's Laws, "we are to conclude that a pair of electrical particles of opposite signs, i.e. two Weberian molecular pairs attracts each other. This attraction is Gravity; it is proportional to the number of molecular pairs." Indeed, gravity can be represented as the sum of the radically aligned electric dipoles formed by all subatomic particles within a charged planet or star."
Gravity here is the electrical components of particles realigning (like iron filings to a magnet?) and this true as well as in planets and stars.
Gravity in this is a measure of the charge of sub-atomic particles in what we call matter. The distributions and intensity of the charge sub-atomically and at the star and indeed galaxy level determines the currents in space and its effects are seen as what we describe as gravity.
Humm, this is getting interesting. Go on Mr. Thornhill:
"This new electrical concept suggests that Newton's "universal constant of gravitation," or "G," is a dependent variable. G depends upon the charge distribution within a celestial body. Highly charged objects like comets look like solid rock, yet they have a gravitational field that suggests they are fluff-balls. And as they discharge they suffer what is euphemistically called "non-gravitational" accelerations. The extreme weakness of the force of gravity, compared to the electric force, is a measure of the minuscule electric dipolar distortion of nucleons."
Thornhill goes on to say that magnetism is also a manifestation of the charge distribution in matter. He comes to a startling conclusion from all of this:
"This simple electrical model of matter has the great virtue of reducing all known forces to a single one – the electric force."
So all four of the fundamental forces end up being one-the electric force. But, we are warned, this comes at a price:
"However, it has a price. We must abandon our peculiar phobia against force acting at a distance. And we must give up the notion that the speed of light is a real speed barrier.
It may seem fast to us, but on a cosmic scale it is glacial. Imposing such a speed limit and requiring force to be transmitted by particles would render the universe completely incoherent. If an electron is composed of smaller subunits of charge orbiting within the classical radius of an electron, then the electric force must operate at a speed far in excess of the speed of light for the electron to remain a coherent object.
In fact, it has been calculated that if released, the subunits of charge in the electron could travel from here to the far side of the Andromeda galaxy in one second!
We have direct evidence of the superluminal action of the electric force, given that gravity is a longitudinal electric force. Indeed, Newton's celebrated equation requires that gravity act instantly on the scale of the solar system. It has been calculated that gravity must operate at a speed of at least 2x1010 times the speed of light; otherwise closely orbiting stars would experience a torque that would sling them apart in mere hundreds of years. Similarly, the Earth responds to the gravitational pull of the Sun where it is at the moment, not where the Sun was 8 minutes ago. If this were not so, the Earth and all other planets in the solar system would be slung into deep space within a few thousand years. Gravity is therefore an electrical property of matter, not a geometrical property of space.
What is the nature of light? Einstein's special theory of relativity was disconfirmed right at the start by the Michelson-Morley experiment, which showed a residual due to the æther. This was later confirmed by far more rigorous repeats of the experiment by Dayton Miller. But by then popular delusion and the madness of crowds had taken hold and contrary evidence would not be tolerated. The Dayton Miller story makes interesting reading. If it weren't for the extraordinary power of self-delusion, commonsense would tell us that a wave cannot exist in nothing. So Maxwell was right, light is a transverse electromagnetic wave moving through a medium, the æther."
Sorry for the long quote here but I thought you should get the argument direct from the horse's mouth so to speak. But here comes another long quote. After that I promise no more.
"But what is the æther?" Thornhill says:
"In the vacuum of space, each cubic centimetre is teeming with neutrinos. And since neutrinos are resonant orbiting systems of charge, like all matter, they will respond to the electric force by distorting to form a weak electric dipole aligned with the electric field. The speed of light in a vacuum is therefore a measure of the delay in response of the neutrino to the electric force.
What about the bending of starlight by the Sun, which discovery raised Einstein to megastar status?
The residual found in the Michelson-Morley experiments shows that the Earth and all ponderable bodies "drag" the Æther along with them. The bending of starlight near the Sun is simply the effect expected of an extensive neutrino atmosphere held to the Sun by gravity. Light will be slowed in the denser medium – causing normal refraction or bending of light.
What about time?
With all bodies in the Milky Way galaxy communicating their positions effectively in real time through the electric force of gravity, it means there is a universal time. There can be no time distortion or time travel – something that common sense always told us.
What about black holes?
They are a mathematical fiction, a near-infinite concentration of mass, is required to explain concentrated sources of energy seen at galactic centers, by employing the weakest force in Nature – gravity.
It is the high-school howler of dividing by zero. Plasma cosmology shows that where electrical energy is concentrated at the center of a galaxy, gravity can be ignored in favor of far more powerful electromagnetic forces. The collimated jets of matter coming from that focus are also replicated to scale in plasma labs. The jets are inexplicable if a black hole is supposed to be a cosmic sink for matter."
Well these ideas are far-reaching indeed. I am far-reaching ee for the Maalox because the story is getting scarier and scarier. Let's try to recover by tomorrow. See you then. But before that here is a definition of plasma:
Definition of Electric Plasma:
"Plasma has been called the "fourth state" of matter, after solids, liquids and gases. Most of the matter in the universe is in the form of plasma. A plasma is formed if some of the negatively charged electrons are separated from their host atoms in a gas, leaving the atoms with a positive charge. The negatively charged electrons and the positively charged atoms (known as positive ions) are then free to move separately under the influence of an applied voltage or magnetic field. Their net movement constitutes an electrical current. So, one of the more important properties of a plasma is that it can conduct electrical current. It does so by forming current filaments that follow magnetic field lines. Filamentary patterns are ubiquitous in the cosmos."
Click on the image below to see the photo.
July 17, 2010
>> This diagram is from The Sun e-book. The simplistic estimate of the size of the body of the Sun is intended to show that the atmosphere of a star can contribute a substantial amount to its apparent size, given by the thin yellow photosphere.
This diagram purports to make a radical statement about the stars, our sun, our solar system and the universe. To wit:
1-The existence of large scale, galaxy-sized electro-magnetic fields in space drive the star formation process, not hydrogen and helium.
Stars are not nuclear reactors.
Rather they are formed by galaxy-sized magnetic fields in what is described as z-pinch and double-layer formations. More, this energy from stars comes from these external galaxy-sized magnetic fields which stream particles at light speed speeds, resulting in a discharge of particles (neutrinos and the solar wind for example) outward. These neutrinos, winds and cosmic rays interact with the Earth's magnetosphere and, indeed, with the magneto-spheres of all of the planets in our solar system.
But note this is all part of a galaxy wide electro-magnetic field which has particles in orbit--all within this galaxy-wide plasma.
Numerous citations are given for this view. It goes on to assert:
1-Stars do not follow nuclear fuel exhaustion cycles which can take millions of years but, instead, say the Plasma Model, stars can form and die in a single life-time and they offer examples from current astrological observations of stars doing just that. Stars are not nuclear reactors.
2-Stars emit huge magnetic x-ray and gamma rays filaments because these discharges are electrical in nature and origin, not solely coming from black holes.
Recent observations show huge comic dust trails from recently exploding stars. This is the normal expulsion via z-pinching and electrical discharge which is part of the evolution of starts.
To be clear, depending upon the strength and density of the ion field and the magnetic field, a given star can explode at any time and evolve very quickly to its demise, even in as little as forty or fifty years.
3- They argue that the famous red shift is way overstated. The red shift is a measure of the youth of a star (young stars will emit a red-shift and even stars rotating away from us will emit a red-shift. The idea that the red-shift means only a receding star ends up with a prediction that the stars furthers away from us are moving away from us at speeds exceeding that of light, an absurd claim.
4- The issues around Dark Flow are best explained by a huge magnetic cloud field. Current theory has no explanation of dark flow.
5- There is no need for dark energy, dark matter theories, all are explained by the plasma theory.
6- No need for elaborate big bang and inflation theories.
In short the universe is relatively static and is probably infinite.
The best fit, in my view, with the Plasma theory is the membrane theory which does postulate a huge influx of plasma from one membrane to another, upon contact. But we shall, in a later blog, compare the Plasma theory with all others and try to judge which explains current observations and experimental results.
But first you may ask what does Plasma Theory have to say about Quantum mechanics? What role does Plasma play at the quantum level?
I thought you would never ask.
But hold your Plasma until tomorrow.
July 18, 2010
Well at the quantum level the answer is all electric. Gravity is the attraction between the elemental particles, the electric force is prevalent, electrons can be easily placed within the "black body radiation" matrix but what has to be added is that the elemental particles exist inside galaxy-wide field currents driven by huge magnetic fields these currents themselves help generate.
Gravity then, at the quantum and the galaxy level, is the instantaneous realignment of the charges of ions and electrons which indeed exceed the speed of light. All of the universe is connected, as quantum holds, and entangled and these charged particles operate in pairs as quantum theory holds.
Einstein here is considered incorrect. String Theory is considered incorrect. Current astrological theories of what is happening with galaxies and stars are considered incorrect. Big bang and inflation theory is considered incorrect .
Quantum theory is misapplying the role of electric forces at the quantum level. Super fluid theory does seem to have utility because super fluids are a kind of plasma.
So with this kind of house cleaning what is left for Plasma to explain?
They argue that the so-called search for the theory of everything, black holes, unified field theories, eleven dimensions is also flawed.
So what is left we ask again?
For that we have to wait until tomorrow, where we will examine the questions of how do Plasma theory answer questions which physicists today don't seem to have answers to.
Sept 12, 2010
Plasma theory has new adherents and some of it tenets seem to have ice core empirical confirmation.
Research findings seem to be consistent with its theories.
The researcher I am familiar is Dr. Paul La Violette (his book is "Earth Under Fire") who was conducting ice core analyses in Antarctica and in Greenland. Dr. Paul, as he is known, while working on his PhD. discovered evidence of regular huge cosmic ray bombardments in the ice cores occurring at regular intervals. These cosmic ray bombardments are routine and of course and are generally related to solar flares.
But Dr. Paul is saying some thing very different:
1-These bombardments originate from explosions from super novas and pulsars and quasars in our galaxy and even other galaxies.
2-This occurs regularly in "Super waves"
3-They are related to earth extinctions, our ice ages and climate changes.
4-He produces ice core evidence of their frequency and categorizes them as falling into four categories of strength from one to four.
5-The evidence he offers are high levels of iridium, nickel and gold in these ice samples and connect these concentrations to mass extinctions, star explosions and ice ages here on earth alternating with periods of climate warming.
Now I am not sure if Dr. Paul (a John's Hopkins graduate in physics and a PhD from Portland) subscribes to Plasma theory but his ice core findings are consistent with Plasma theory data and theories.
Cosmic rays bombardments originating in our galaxy, and others, fit with the idea that these star explosions are electro-magnetic in origin and the cosmic storms reach our solar system and the earth itself.
The consequences Dr. Paul warns, of even a category one bombardment would be devastating now because since the last large one 700 years ago we now have satellites and other technology which now which would be effected. The whole planet, he argues, could be brought to its knees. Repairs might take months or years. Moreover, he argues we have solar flares and bombardments of a less intense nature often-every 11 years in the case of solar flares; and other bombardments from outside our galaxy virtually every day.
This is gloomy stuff.
This is all the more gloomy since we are generally being told that such cosmic rays come from our sun. But Dr. Paul argues that is not the case entirely. They come from exploding stars as well and can activate the sun to produce more rays than it normally does. So the bombardments come directly from our galaxy and other galaxies and the stronger waves can and have induced our sun to emit more rays than it normally does. Note these outbursts are electrical in nature. They have regularity because the particles have super galaxy, regular orbits.
Plasma theories of huge magnetic fields, galaxy-sized, sending huge moving currents of charged particles in orbits which regularly impact the earth is the up-shot of all this.
Now there is physical evidence of such occurrences being offered in the ice core samples.
Large super waves can last 100 to a thousand years. There have been over 14 events, he states, in the last 5 thousand years. The large ones appear to occur every 13 to 26 thousand years. The last occurring about 14,000 BC according to the ice samples. You do the math.
Several groups are apparently monitoring the lesser events which last from 300 to 700 seconds and can occur without warning.
So what we may ask can be done?
More in the coming days.
Sept 13th 2010 Elementary Wave Theory: Dr. Boyd.
Now there is yet another theory which we might consider. Yes I know this is all getting complicated. Several seem to be seem borrow from another. See the website: http://elwave.org/nonphysicists/
In brief, this theory states that quantum mechanics theory is flawed in that it resorts to math models and probabilities. He called the findings of quantum physics "weird." and counter intuitive. While some of the findings make sense but some of the basic ideas do not make sense.
He argues the following "peculiar" ideas:
1- Ether exists and heretofore undetected waves exist at all wave lengths and frequencies. And more, these waves travel in both directions with electrons responding to these waves. For example, he argues, that waves propagate from, for example the human body, and photons from the sun become excited and travel back to the body. Electrons excited by waves create photon reactions. These elementary waves (none dare call it ether,) permeate the entire cosmos and are neither matter nor energy but form the backdrop medium in which matter and energy interact.
2-Using the famous split experiment he seeks to demonstrate the differences between his theory and the explanations offered by quantum theorists who argue that an electron gun firing electrons at two slits in a board mounted between it and a plate will initiate with a particle but end up after passing through the slits looking like a wave function.
3- This outcome is explained in quantum mechanics as the observational effect. An electron exists in a quantum cloud until observed and then it becomes a particle when measurement is sought. Boyd states this argument makes no sense.
4- He argues that it does make more sense to see the behavior of the electron as propagating within a two way wave field in which the electron excites a wave reaction from objects and are pre-existing.
The relevance to Plasma theory is that one could add the proposition that electrical fields can suddenly shift direction and z-pinch backwards.
Nov 10, 2010
The Plasma-Electric Theory of the Universe received today a tremendous boost as can be read in the Nov 9, 2010 issue of the New York Times. There, scientists report they have discovered two huge bubbles of energy at the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way.
Tremendous in size, they cover half of the galaxy and contain tremendous amounts of energy radiating out 50,000 light years across the Milky Way which itself is only 100,000 light years across.
This is consistent with the Plasma theory and has tremendous import for our understanding of how the universe works.
It means that these highly energetic, galaxy sized bubbles fit perfectly with Plasma theories. To wit:
1-There are huge magnetic clouds moving electrical currents in huge orbits around the entire milky way galaxy as predicted by Plasma Theory. To find one in the very center of the galaxy is astonishing.
2-The corollary proposition to this empirical data, in Plasma Theory, is that these huge currents dominate the universe, are the real incubators of stars and impact our very sun, where these electrical currents in orbit, can and has caused the sun to emit huge bursts of cosmic rays. These cosmic ray bombardments are documented in ice core samples going back thousands of years in 700 year cycles, the last being about 700 years ago.
While in the past these bombardments did little damage, in today's highly electronic and computer environments, such a bombardment now could effectively end our way of life or damage it severely.
3- The argument is that modern physics and astronomers have ignored the evidence of this threat and now need to urged to take the necessary steps to protect the earth.
As you can see this is not of small import.
But what would be those steps you say?
Nov 12, 2010
The two bubbles discovered above also fit with other aspects of Plasma theory and predictions. To wit:
1-PT states that the z-pinch aspect of electro-magnetic galaxy sized fields creates a cell or filiamentary topography for the universe. This has turned out to be true .
2-PT argues this same z-pinch effect will in fact create a binary star pattern for stars. That is most stars are not stand alone. They have companion stars which may not be in the visible light spectrum. This binary pattern is now becoming more and more observed and note that the bubbles above are binary, there are two bubbles.
3-This binary pattern and its interactions with z-pinch phenomenon is the cause of star formation and of supernovas in Plasma Theory which the details of which are in the citations above.
4-Plasma Theory argues this is driver in our galaxy not a massive black hole.
There are more predictions which essentially argue that the magnetic orbits of these huge fields will give us some ability not only to understand the sky but perhaps predict events.
Finally, we can speculate, if the entire universe is electric and z-pinch involved, how this idea relates to Dark Flow, the phenomenon observed in which a large section of the night sky is moving in one direction pulled by some enormous unseen force. (See my blogs on Einstein.)
What would the Plasma people say about that?
Lets see tomorrow.
Dec 28, 2010
In the article below the behavior of a black hole seems to fit the model that Alfren postulates in that black holes behave more in response to magnetic plasmas than gravity.
The article seeks to understand a sudden increase in the brightness of a black hole which happens almost instantly.
"The cause of the outburst in 2006 is even less clear, but it could be due to a sudden release of energy, such as magnetic fields in a disk around the black hole that suddenly connect and become more powerful.
"It's important to figure out what's going on here because the accretion of matter onto these black holes is one of the most fundamental processes governing the evolution of galaxies,"
This is a an example of the the Alfven principle. The evidence is mounting here.
Finally, we expect a new 11 year incidence of sun spots. These remain mysterious to astronomers. But Alfven would say that these outbursts are likely caused by the orbital return of cosmic ions in the gigantic plasma field identified above. See what you think.
The above link gives new evidence of how matter behaves in the black hole environment. It shows that some matter does indeed escape the black hole environment and shoots back out into space and identifies via the polorization the central role of magnetic fields in the process.
How much evidence does it take to show that magnetic fields not gravity is the crucial aspect of this process.
This has implications for our understanding of star and planet formation and the role of galaxy-sized magnetic fields and lines of force in both black hole formations and in star formation.
The links below identify the new-discoverd link between interglaxtic magnetic clouds and the helosphere which surrounds our solar system.
This is creeping toward the true nature of the universe
The Youtube video above makes an important point. That if we stretch film from California to Alaska, representing the light and wave spectrum only one frame of that film would represent the visible light spectrum.
What this gives us in an idea of the size of the electro-magnetic spectrum of radio waves, ions, positrons, hydrogen ions, electrons, neutrinos and the like which make up the invisible components of the universe. Sound familiar? Who needs dark energy which this huge phenomenon as the 4th state of matter needs to be investigated.
See what you think. In Science Daily search on plasma for much more information.
Meantime below find youtube videos on the topics above
One way to get a handle on the Plasma Theory of the Universe is to see what its answers would be to the questions which the Standard Model cannot at present provide. Secondarily, I notice that many standard model theorists are actually taking plasma ideas and giving them different names and slowly adopting them.
But for our purposes here let's take a problem solving approach and see if plasma theory can shed any light on those problems.
We can look at the relativity theories and the quantum theories and try to see if they meld into the fabled theory of everything.
Second, lets look at something concrete like the big bang theory and see if plasma ideas offer anything substantial and new on that topic After that we can march through the other standard model ideas and perhaps offer alternative explanations as well.
Plasma quantum mechanics:
It is clear that on the quantum level electrons have spin and magnetism which produce much of the so called quantum effects.
The real mysteries of the quantum world and the galaxy worlds are therefore the same: electrons in motion produce magnetic fields, magnetic fields produce all of the properties and elements and effects we see at the level of the very small and the very large.
A secondary corollary I would add too all of this is the concept of equilibrium and the ideas of the conservation of matter and energy in most states, except for the plasma state which may perhaps also accommodate behaviors associated with super fluids at both the macro and the micro level. That is these magnetic fields seek electrical equilibrium and when an imbalance of charge occurs, a discharge takes place of with massive releases of energy.
That is all that is needed to be placed on the table and both aspects of the above have been demonstrated experimentally.
Super fluids on the quantum level and massive magnetic clouds can also can and do produce effects that deny relativistic ideas and are better explanations for black holes than "collasping gravity alone.
How we will explain later.
First looking closer at the big bang theory; it has fatal weaknesses. How can the entire universe come from nothing and expand exponentially, inflation theory or no inflation theory?
The plasma answer basically would assert that if we take ordinary lightning as a example we ask how can massive amounts of energy happen between clouds and earth simply because of different charges? Yes, charge differentials are part of the story but plasma people note that this single explanation is not enough. What has to be added is the influence of charged particles above cloud structures entering the ionosphere influenced by charged particles coming the earth, from our very own sun and even outside our solar system
After all lightning is observed on Mars, Jupiter and other planets which have no clouds whatsoever-lightning storms which may last years.
There is interplanetary concourse in the ordinary lightning phenomenon we observe here on earth as well as in space.
Lightning is discharges of plasma from magnetic fields interacting to achieve a new equilibrium, which is in turn part of both massive cosmic particles moving in interstellar magnetic fields.
The big bang can easily be seen to be a massive explosion triggered by equilibrium seeking among magnetics lines of force containing electrons, and ions moving at tremendous speeds.
It is like the particle accellorater at Cern-with billions of collisions happening per second. Imagine this then at a universe or even galaxy level.
The same principles apply.
If we accept that other universe exist then imagine then two universes coming close enough for there be a massive discharge and exchange and we have our big bang, not only from collisions but also from a massive exchange of magnetic field discharge.
This too is similar to what we also see in the exchanges between a black hole after it has absorbed a nearby star. A massive explosion of x and gamma rays occurs and huge mannetic dust clouds which in turn give birth to new stars. Actually plasma people think there is not black hole but simply a vortex of a dense magnetic field at the center of each galaxy.
The past in this conception looks very much like the present.
We don't even need another universe to imagine this process starting, utilizing as our only premise that ions moving in space created a massive magnetic dust cloud and lines of forces. These, in turn created the stars and galaxy we now observe and more, we can still see this basic process currently at work.
Much simpler than big bangs inflation, bounces, and singularities.
6-18-11 Mercury Space Craft Reports Back
The new Mercury Messenger space craft has had a look at the interaction between that planet and the sun. Interesting reading. See link and quote below.
Next time we look at Plasma theory on the origins of the solar system and specifically the origins of Venus, which some claim is a captured comet. Yes, comet.
See the link below which shows that this indeed might be the case.
"We found that the Earth and moon, as well as Martian and other meteorites, which are samples of asteroids, have a lower concentration of the O-16 than does the sun," McKeegan said. "The implication is that we did not form out of the same solar nebula materials that created the sun. Just how and why remains to be discovered."
The stock theory on the origins of our solar system state that the planets and the sun were formed from the same gas cloud f sun or o The evidence says, however, otherwise.
The authors go on to say:
"These findings show that all solar system objects, including the terrestrial planets, meteorites and comets, are anomalous compared to the initial composition of the nebula from which the solar system formed," said Bernard Marty, a Genesis co-investigator from the Centre de Recherches Pétrographiques et Géochimiques in France and lead author of the second Science study. "Understanding the cause of such a heterogeneity will impact our view on the formation of the solar system."
Now we want to why the differences. You already have an idea if you have viewed the video links above. Meantime see the link below.
Evidence that star's the size of our sun can be produced from stellar gaes in a few dozen years.
"We have proved that a supernova can produce an amount of dust comparable to the mass of the Sun over a period of, at most, a couple of dozen years -- a blink of an eye with respect to a star's lifetime," she adds.
This is a quote from an astronomer working with the Herschel Space Observatory which can see much small gas cloud "grains." See link below
The idea of z-pinching is gaining recognition and things are as Alvren predicted. Z-pinching does occur and has been re-named "magnetic reconnection."
Plasma Physicists are now coming into their own with no recognition of Alvren's contributions.
See citiations below:
"Contrary to the popular perception of black holes pulling in all of the material that gets close, we estimate up to 95 percent of the matter in the disk around IGR J17091 is expelled by the wind," King said.
Astronomers believe that magnetic fields in the disks of black holes are responsible for producing both winds and jets. The geometry of the magnetic fields and rate at which material falls towards the black hole must influence whether jets or winds are produced."
Now what is interesting is that the standard model claims that nothing escapes a black hole. Turns out this is not true . However the interesting question is how and what is the mechanism that makes the posssible. The authors simply make the statement that this is a different kind of black hole and do not explain or acknowledge how extraordinary this is.
Alfven does have an explaination. He aruges that yes, at the quote acknowleges that magnetic fields dominate the process. But they don't seem to understand what they are observing. Alfven would say that gravity plans a minor role in black holes and as we can plainly see in this example the so called powerful gravity of even a black hole is easily overcome by the dynomo effect of magnetic fields produced by electrons in motion-just as Aflven predicted. Moreoverr a second prediction of Alfven is relevant here: that is that most stars are in a binary relationship with another star. Stand alone stars apparently a mlnory configuration, in Alfrven view. These binary configurations means that a sling-shot effect between the two stars may be in effect and that black holes themselves are magnetic storm where disks we think of as black holes may be magnetic material moving at speeds exceeding the speed of light and therefore invisible. Secondly this may in fact be the dark energy often spoken of in cosomology.
Another implication is that ions and other particles moving at such tremendous speeds and in winds and jets may mean that orbits of such items may be galaxy wide and further may mean that stars and "invisible" black holes form very quickly in decades and may die in decades.
This has implications as to how we think of quasars and pulsars as well.
"The haze comes from the region surrounding the center of our galaxy and looks like a form of light energy produced when electrons accelerate through magnetic fields," said Davide Pietrobon, another JPL Planck scientist.
"The haze comes from the region surrounding the center of our galaxy and looks like a form of light energy produced when electrons accelerate through magnetic fields," said Davide Pietrobon, another JPL Planck scientist.
"We're puzzled though, because this haze is brighter at shorter wavelengths than similar light emitted elsewhere in the galaxy," added Gorski.
Several explanations have been proposed for this unusual behaviour.
"Theories include higher numbers of supernovae, galactic winds and even the annihilation of dark-matter particles," said Greg Dobler, a Planck collaborator from the University of California in Santa Barbara, Calif. Dark matter makes up about a quarter of our universe, but scientists don't know exactly what it is."
Below: more evidence that so-called “tornadoes in space”are actually jets driven by magnetic fields.
WHAT ARE COSMIC JETS: Astronomers believe that cosmic jets form when a massive object, such as a neutron star or black hole, draws in matter, which forms a whirling "accretion disk" around the object. Friction within the disk can heat it to very high temperatures, so that excess energy is vented by ejecting subatomic particles from the poles of the disk at speeds approaching that of light. Scientists believe the jets start out fairly broad and then narrow into a funnel because of the strong magnetic field lines, which rotate and accelerate the jet of particles.
What is not mentioned in this article is that gas alone is not enough. What has to be measured also is the electric field and the magnetic line of force present. It is not accident that star formation occurs along the plane of these magnetic lines of force.
Stars are formed in the z-pinch process between and among the fields in question.
"The particle is named for the University of Edinburgh scientist Peter Higgs, who was one of six physicists who suggested that a sort of cosmic molasses pervading space is what gives particles their heft. Particles trying to wade through it gather mass the way a bill moving though Congress gains riders and amendments, becoming more and more ponderous.
It was Dr. Higgs who pointed out that this cosmic molasses, normally invisible and, of course, odorless, would produce its own quantum particle if hit hard enough, by the right amount of energy, and so the branding rights went to him"