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Rod A Fowler

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The Science of Genesis Ch. 1
by Rod A Fowler   
Rated "G" by the Author.
Last edited: Thursday, April 16, 2009
Posted: Wednesday, April 15, 2009

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A temporal analysis of, and comparison between, the creation account in Genesis Ch.1 and the Standard and Quantum Models of the development of the universe and life on Planet Earth.

Science of Scripture
The Science of Genesis Ch 1.
 
Introduction, Preamble and Question
 

            There is a present a division in Christianity between mainstream believers and fundamentalist, personified by the Creationist Movement, over the role and validity of science. The secular reaction to Creationism has been the rise of New Atheism.

 
Fundamental Creationist Position
 

            The Biblical account of Genesis is absolutely true and correct.

            God created the world in 6 literal 24 hour days.

            God created the physical Earth 6000 years ago exactly as it is now.

            Science is simply wrong at best and moral subversion at worst.

 
The New Atheism (Science) Position

            Richard Dawkins, biologist, religion is “an irrational belief”.

            Daniel C. Dennet, philosopher, - religion will be purged from the world’s                                               classrooms.

            Christopher Hitchens, columist, - God is useless in the affairs of mankind.

            Peter Atkins, Chemist, “science can conquer all nature’s mysteries.”

            Sam Harris, author of the End of Faith, “science and religion can never be                                            reconciled.”

            The New Atheism books are all on the New York Times best-seller list for 2007.

 
            Commentary

            Note that none of the above “leaders” of the New Atheism are actually                                     cosmologists, physicists, or geologists.

            Approx 70% of physicists privately admit there may be a reconciliation between science and religion.

            Robert Jastrow, early head of NASA, “one day science will climb to the top of all  knowledge and find the theologians already there.” (paraphrase)

 

Socio-political impacts of Creationism &/or New Atheism

            Science’s response to Creationism.

            Council of Europe passes legislation banning the teaching of creationism in any  school curricula.

            The La Jolla Science and religion symposium held in 2006, titled “Beyond  Belief” founded the movement for science to fight back against Creationism in particular and religion in general.

 

            Mainstream Christianity’s response to Creationism

            Recently - Silence

            19th and 20th Century responses acceptance, Pope Pius XII decreed that science and scripture were compatible and that science merely expanded our understanding of scriptural accounts.

            Thomas Aquinas in his Summa Theologica wrote that all of God’s work was    amenable to rational human inquiry. (theology/philosophy of Thomism)

 

            The Impact of Creationism on the American Public

            - Over 60% of Americans don’t believe science’s account of   development of the universe and Earth.

            - 40% Americans believe in fundamental Creationism.

            - Under G.W. Bush’s presidency had taken control of the Executive branch of the government of the world’s militarily most powerful nation

            - Have forced many mainstream Christians into doubt about either science or their  faith.

 
Critical Concerns

            Fundamentalism in Christianity will bring about new “crusades” and a scientific  “dark age” in the West. Critics argue that this happened

with Islam after fundamentalism took  control after the 15th century leading to today’s situations in Islamic countries.

            Fundamental Christianity along with the New Atheism will ultimately cause many mainstream Christians to lose/not practice their faith.

            The promotion of Creationism/New Atheism sets up a division between science and religion which does not exist and need not exist in the future.

            This division will lead to new “religious wars” and “persecutions” by both sides.

 
           
The Question for Consideration
 
            Given the foregoing:

            “Can it be shown that the scientific account of the development of our universe  can be comparable and compatible with the Genesis Ch. 1 account of the creation  of our universe?”

 

The Science of Genesis Ch. 1
 

All Scripture Verses are from the King James Version.

The Standard Model (SM) of Physics is taken from the Newtonian/Einstein model of    the Physics of Cosmology

The Quantum Model (QM) is taken from the more recent theories of Quantum Cosmology.

 
Day 1
Genesis Ch. 1 Verse 1
In the beginning God created the heaven and the Earth.

            John Ch1. Verse 1.

            In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God.

Standard Model Science: The Big Bang – explosion out of nothing.

            The “Word” is sound. Sound is a wave.

Quantum Cosmology Science:

            In the beginning was the Alpha point – the Singularity

            The Singularity contains all that is required to “create” everything in the Universe.

 
Commentary

            Both Scripture and Science agree that there was a point in time/space where there was a “beginning” to the universe/time.

            Scripture says a prime cause for this beginning was God, the Word.

            SM says the prime cause was the “Big Bang”.

            QC says the prime cause was the expansion of the Singularity. The cause of that expansion was, at first, a sound wave.

 
Genesis Verse 2

And the earth was without form, and void: and darkness was on the face of the deep

SM. After the Big Bang there was a formless plasma flux of intense dark radiation. Current theory suggests that this void may have been an immense black hole, surrounded on a cosmic scale by matter above and below this hole.

QC. After the Big Bang there was a quantum flux without photons (light).

 
Genesis Verse 3
And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

SM. Out of the plasma flux the electro-magnetic spectrum (light) waves came into being as the flux expanded and cooled. From this electro-magnetic spectrum all matter has formed.

QC. Out of the quantum flux, photons (light) [particles of light] formed and the photons acted as catalysts to form all other matter.

 
 
Genesis Verse 4

And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

SM. The matter made from light only comprises 5% of the universe. The other 95% is “dark matter”.

QC. Basically the same assertion as SM.
 
Genesis Verse 5

And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

SM. No obvious equivalent
QC. No obvious equivalent
 
Day 2.
Genesis Verse 6

And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

SM. All matter is formed from the action of the electromagnetic spectrum. Firmament, meaning physical matter, as opposed to plasma and light, could refer to physical matter.

QC. Photons act as catalyst to produce physical matter.
 
Genesis Verse 7

And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

SM: The material (gaseous) Universe comes into being within the           plasma/electromagnetic field.

QC. Basically the same.
 
Genesis Verse 8

And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

SM: No equivalent. But we call the stars in the Universe the Heavens

QC. Same
 
Day 3
Genesis Verse 9

And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and the dry land appear: and it was so.

SM: Out of the gaseous Universe solid and liquid matter is chemically constructed and comes into being.

QC. Same
 
Genesis Verse 10.

And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas: and God saw that it was good.

SM: No equivalent (naming again). But could refer to the identification of planetary bodies and the clouds of water vapour in inter-planetary space.

QC: ditto
 

Genesis Verse 11 (and 12 repeats & 13)

And God said: Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit, after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth and it was so.

Paleobotany: This could refer to the advent of angiosperm plants since about 65m YBP. Before this time there was not “grass” as we know it now.

 
Day 4

Genesis Verses 14 - 19

And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years.

SM. The spin and tilt of the Earth is the causal mechanism for seasonality and measurement of passing time. The Earth’s rotational speed and tilt may have been caused by the “collision” of the Earth with an exo-planetary body early in its history.

 
Verse 16

And God made two great lights, the greater to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night.

SM. Recent research shows that the moon was made from matter “blasted” off of the Earth through primordial “collision(s)” with either another planet and/or asteroid. Therefore, the Moon is “newer” in time than the Earth.

 
Day 5
Genesis Verse 20 - 23

V. 20. And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that has life, and the fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven

V. 21. And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

V. 22. And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

V. 23. And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
 
Commentary

            After the end of the Age of Reptiles proto-mammals were small and not numerous. Most land-based life forms had been rendered extinct. The largest amount of life that existed was in the seas. There were also some flying reptiles that seemed to have escaped the land catastrophe and continued on to become the birds and fowl of today. Land-based mammalian life took a much longer period toward the present time to emerge.

 
Day 6

Genesis Verses 24 – 25

V. 24. And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind, and it was so.

V. 25. And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth.

 
Commentary

            As geological time moves toward the present, from about 50 MYA to present, large mammals have developed, with modern forms such as cattle developing within the last 2 MY.

 

Genesis Verses 26 – 27

V. 26. And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let him have dominion over the fish in the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

V. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

 
Commentary

            In the paleo-archeological record, proto-homo-sapiens first appear around 100,000 years ago, and full homo sapiens, modern humans like us, around 60,000 years ago when there was a large increase in brain size. This increase in brain size is correlation to when it would appear that humans started catching and eating large quantities of fresh fish. As far as we can tell from paleo-archeology, modern humans are the most recent of the homo species to have come into existence.

            Around 60,000 years ago there appears to have been a catastrophic event that killed off most of the proto-humans leaving only small number of people, perhaps as small as one family group, from which all modern humans are descended. This near extinction of humans could explain why God instructs humans in Verse 28 to “replenish” the earth. The question could be asked; “What and why were humans to replenish?”

            All modern humans are genetically related to each other and all carry a genetic marker tracing back to a single common mother, often called Primordial Eve. Contemporary human populations can be genetically linked back to seven individual women, probably of the same family group, who are often referred to as the Seven Daughters of Eve.

            As to humans being in God’s “image and likeness”, science can say nothing. However, we can speculate that as God gave humans dominion over the earth, Verse 28, this is a symbolic “image and likeness” to God’s dominion over his created Universe.

 
Observation

Genesis Ch. 2. Verse 4.

            These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created.

 
Commentary

            The use of the word generations here is of significance to the Creationist’s case. The word generations usually means a lengthy period of time not one day. Throughout Genesis Ch. 1 the “days” are described as being “the evening and the morning”, the exact reversal of our day. In Ch. 1 Verse 16, God made the Sun to rule the day. Therefore, a day was an approximate 24 hour period, not usually considered to be a “generation” in time. The word “generation” can also mean to create/build/generate. The word “generation” is usually used to refer to an ongoing project wherein sequential stages are “generated” by the completion of the previous stage. As used here, the sequential generation of each “day” and the events accomplished in each “day” are scientifically necessary as a precursor stage in order that the events of the next “day” may take place.

 
 
 
Conclusion
The question for consideration was:
 

“Can it be shown that the scientific account of the development of our universe can be comparable and compatible with the Genesis Ch. 1 account of the creation of our universe?”

 
 

The foregoing comparison between Genesis Ch. 1 and the Standard and Quantum Models of the development of the Universe, Planet Earth, and its life forms, and the Earth’s Moon, would seem not to be contradictory or divergent and therefore it would seem reasonable to conclude that they are compatible.

 

Therefore, there should be no need to argue for one account over the others, nor argue one account is “right” and the others are “wrong”.

 
 

Of course this begs the question: “How did the writer(s) of Genesis know this?”


 
 
 
 


 

 

 


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Reviewed by Felix Perry 4/16/2009
A very illuminating and factual write indeed providing lots of pros and cons on both sides of the issue...myself I beleive the whole religious thing was man's attempt to explain the things he did not understand until Science found the real answers.

fee
Reviewed by - - - - - TRASK 4/15/2009
Unique-Illuminating Write,i.e. As (God) May Have Created Earth,He (God)Did Not Create This Evil World You We Live In Satan Devil (Mans Never Ending GREED $$$) Did...

As For Heavens,Others,i.e. The Universe Is Never Ending Sewer And It Ends On Planet Earth -- Is Last Stop To (Holy Hell) Nowheres...

I Am Realist Not An Idealist...

TRASK...



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