AuthorsDen.com   Join Free! | Login    
Happy 4th of July!
   Popular! Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry
Where Authors and Readers come together!

SIGNED BOOKS    AUTHORS    eBOOKS new!     BOOKS    STORIES    ARTICLES    POETRY    BLOGS    NEWS    EVENTS    VIDEOS    GOLD    SUCCESS    TESTIMONIALS

Featured Authors:  Dave Cole, iJohn Herlihy, iRichard Tscherne, iCraig Nagasugi, iPamela Ackerson, iKathryn Perry, iLindsey Webster, i

  Home > History > Articles Popular: Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry     

lynn hones

· + Follow Me
· Contact Me
· Books
· Articles
· Poetry
· News
· Stories
· 11 Titles
· 11 Reviews
· Save to My Library
· Share with Friends!
·
Member Since: Jul, 2009

lynn hones, click here to update your pages on AuthorsDen.




Featured Book
Victimes de la tyrannie des instincts
by Antoine Raphael

Tandis que les gens de bonne volonté et les amants de la vérité et de la connaissance font reculer les bonnes de l’inconnu et versent du baume aux cœurs, beaucoup de méch..  
BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members



Johnson's Island
by lynn hones   
Rated "G" by the Author.
Last edited: Thursday, October 28, 2010
Posted: Thursday, October 28, 2010

  Print   Save    Follow    Share 

Recent articles by
lynn hones

Lucky Stones
Beach glass
           >> View all

My ebook, Those Who Wait, was inspired by this unique place. My great, great grandfather was a Union guard here.

In late 1861, Federal officials selected Johnson’s Island as the site for a prisoner of war camp to hold up to 2,500 captured Confederate officers. The island offered easy access by ship for supplies to construct and maintain a prison and its population. Sandusky Bay offered more protection from the elements than on other nearby islands, which were also closer to Canada in the event of a prison break. Woods of hickory and oak trees could provide lumber and fuel. The U.S. government leased half the island from private owner Leonard B. Johnson for $500 a year, and for the duration of the war carefully controlled access to the island.
The 16.5-acre (67,000 m2) prison opened in April 1862. A 15-foot (4.6 m)-high (5 m) wooden stockade surrounded 12 two-story prisoner housing barracks, a hospital, latrines, sutler’s stand, three wells, a pest house, and two large mess halls (added in August 1864). More than 40 buildings stood outside the prison walls, including barns, stables, a limekiln, forts, barracks for officers, and a powder magazine. They were used by the 128th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, which guarded the prison.
Among the prominent Confederate generals imprisoned on Johnson's Island were Isaac R. Trimble and James J. Archer (both captured at the Battle of Gettysburg), William Beall, Thomas Benton Smith, Edward "Allegheny" Johnson and Missouri cavalryman M. Jeff Thompson. Prisoners had a lively community, with amateur theatrical performances, publishing, and crafts projects.
After the unraveling of a Confederate espionage ring which had been plotting the seizure of the Great Lakes warship USS Michigan and a mass breakout of prisoners, Forts Johnson and Hill were constructed over the winter of 1864–65. They were not operational until March 1865, in the war's final months, when the prisoner population peaked at 3,200. More than 15,000 men passed through Johnson’s Island until it was closed in September 1865. Wardens lost only about 200 prisoners as a result of the harsh Ohio winters, food and fuel shortages, and disease. Johnson's Island had one of the lowest mortality rates of any Civil War prison. Confederates made many escape attempts, including efforts by some to walk across the frozen Lake Erie to freedom in Canada. A handful of escapes were successful.

After the war, the prison camp was abandoned and control reverted to the owner. Most of the buildings were auctioned off by the Army, and some were razed after falling into disrepair. Efforts in 1897 to turn the island into a resort (as with nearby Cedar Point) failed, and the land was used for farming and rock quarrying. Many lakeside homes have since been built, and is now quite developed with two subdivisions. Most of the Civil War-related sites have since been destroyed and built over.
In 1990 Johnson’s Island was designated a National Historic Landmark. A causeway was built to connect it with the mainland. Only the Confederate cemetery is open to the public. Ground-penetrating radar studies have proved that several graves lie outside its fence. Heidelberg College conducts yearly archeology digs at the prison site.

The Johnson's Island Museum and information center, located on the mainland in Marblehead, Ohio, is dedicated to the history of Johnson's Island and run by the Johnson Island Preservation Society. Opened in 2001, the museum exhibits focus on the island's history as a Civil War POW camp and later uses as a pleasure resort and a quarry. The museum is open on weekends and holidays from Memorial Day through Labor Day.

From: Wikpedia.

Web Site: Lynn Hones



Want to review or comment on this article?
Click here to login!


Need a FREE Reader Membership?
Click here for your Membership!


Popular History Articles
  1. Uroboros
  2. Rhode Read: Hurrah for RI's Yankee Doodle
  3. The Edwin Forrest Home at Springbrook
  4. 47 Ronin's True Story
  5. Mankind. 2 Minute History
  6. Our Presidents - Ninth
  7. And The Pope Visited Us
  8. Shakespeare's Secret Messiah--Book Review
  9. The Last of the Doolittle Raiders
  10. Our Presidents - Seventh -

America's Greatest Blunder: The Fateful Decision to Enter World War On by Burton Pines

America had no reason to enter WWI. By doing so, it broke the battlefield stalemate, allowing Britain & France to impose a punishing peace on Germany - which led to Hitler, World W..  
BookAds by Silver, Gold and Platinum Members

The Roots of Reno by Al Moe

The true story of how Reno, Nevada became the "Biggest Little City in the World" through casino owners hard work, intimidation, and treachery...  
BookAds by Silver, Gold and Platinum Members

Authors alphabetically: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Featured Authors | New to AuthorsDen? | Add AuthorsDen to your Site
Share AD with your friends | Need Help? | About us


Problem with this page?   Report it to AuthorsDen
© AuthorsDen, Inc. All rights reserved.