Join | Login  

     Popular! Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry
Where Authors and Readers come together!


Featured Authors:  Charles Neff, iBob Mitchley, iCheri Dohnal, iGraham whittaker, iLindsey Webster, iArmineh Ohanian, iG M (Jerry) Roberts, i

  Home > History > Articles Popular: Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry     

JC Pinkerton

· Become a Fan
· Contact me
· Books
· Articles
· News
· Stories
· Blog
· Messages
· 34 Titles
· 31 Reviews
· Save to My Library
· Share with Friends!
Member Since: Jul, 2004


Subscribe to the JC Pinkerton Newsletter. Enter your name and email below and click "sign me up!"
JC Pinkerton, click here to update your pages on AuthorsDen.

Featured Book
Noa The Little Scientist
by Shenell Bolden

A K-3 children's first chapter book introducng young girls and boys into the STEM pipeline...  
BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members

Featured Book
Web Craze
by Ron Cox

A teenage Internet hacker puts a computer virus on the Internet with the intention to destroy hard drives. Instead, it somehow comes alive in the vast expanse of cybe..  
BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members

   Recent articles by
JC Pinkerton

Old Riders Of The Range
Robert Adam: Creator of Adam Furniture
Young Sam Houston
The Riders of The Pony Express
The BraveHeart Of Robert-The-Bruce
Ancient Egyptian Fashion
Andrew Jackson Takes The White House
The Funeral Of Tiana Rogers
Halloween In Different Lands
Tiana Rogers: Cherokee Wife of Sam Houston
The Bobbsey Twins: Part Two
Cactus Joe: The Children's Cowboy
           >> View all

The Great Egyptian Sphinx
by JC Pinkerton   
Rated "G" by the Author.
Last edited: Thursday, May 29, 2008
Posted: Saturday, July 03, 2004

Share    Print   Save    Become a Fan

If you lived in Egypt centuries ago, you might see a creature with the body of a beast and the face of the ruling pharaoh.

What is the Great Sphinx?
The Great Sphinx is a mythical creature that originated in ancient Egypt. It combines the body of a beast (usually a lion) with the face of the ruling pharaoh. In Greek mythology, a sphinx was usually made up with the head of a monster, breasts of a woman, and the body of a lion, having wings of a large bird. The sphinx lay stretched out on a large rock, watching quietly, and protecting the lands or important structures such as pyramids. The Great Sphinx was said to protect King Khafre's pyramid.

Where is the Great Sphinx Located?
The Great Sphinx sits where there was once a large quarry, to the south of Chephren's pyramid. Almost 5,000 years ago Chephren's workers molded the huge stone into the form of a lion, and carved their king's face into it. The architects of the sphinx had it face the sunrise with a temple setting to the front. The temple looks very much like the sun temples built by the king's of the 5th Dynasty.

King Thutmose IV (1425-1417) placed a stela between the front paws of the sphinx. It gives an account of a young prince Thutmose, and how he fell asleep in the shade of the sphinx one day. In the dream, the sphinx spoke to Prince Thutmose and told him to take away the sand because it was choking him. Originally built to guard the pyramid, this sphinx was later worshipped as the god Rahorakhty, "Ra of the Two Horizons."

What does the Great Sphinx look like?
The Great Sphinx at Giza, Egypt is the largest and best known of all these statues. The Great Sphinx was built almost 5,000 years ago, when Khafre was king of Egypt. The head is an image of King Khafre, and its lion body represents the king's strength, both being carved from solid rock. The Great Sphinx measures sixty-six feet high and over two hundred forty feet long. The face of the sphinx rises thirteen feet with the eyes being six feet high. Part of the nose and beard are now missing, but the beard can still be seen in the British Museum.

The Sphinx Today:
The wind and humidity from Cairo has caused the sphinx to crumble, but a frugally planned restoration of the Sphinx started in the 1980s. Over a period of six years, an addition of more than 2,000 limestone blocks were placed at the sphinx, and even chemicals were injected, but the treatment failed. By 1988, the sphinx's left shoulder deteriorated causing blocks to fall off. At present, restoration is still an ongoing project under the control of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Archaeologist. They are making repairs on the damaged shoulder, and making attempts to drain away some of the subsoil.

Through time, vandals have marred the head of the Great Sphinx many times. Soldiers, having no respect for art, once shot at the nose of the great image until it crumbled. Over the centuries, desert sandstorms have caused stones to disappear. Frequently the bottom part of the sphinx lies completely buried under the sand. Today, it still stands guard over the road leading to King Khafre's pyramid, and is known as a great Egyptian landmark.

Lexicon Univ. Ency.New York.
The Home Adv. Library: People and Places. Chicago.
Aladdin Books: Pyramids. New York.

©1999 jcpinkerton


Web Site: JC Pinkerton

Want to review or comment on this article?
Click here to login!

Need a FREE Reader Membership?
Click here for your Membership!

Ontario Central Airlines - The Kenora Years by Ed Zaruk

"I am indebted to Ed for not only capturing the memories of those who worked for Ontario Central Airlines, but also the creative writing used to record and preserve this era of avi..  
Featured BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members

Columbia River Gorge: Natural Treasure on the Old Oregon Trail by Cheri Dohnal

An in-depth look at the Gorge past & present, it's role as the final leg of the Oregon Trail, and some of the more interesting characters it has hosted during the past 200 years. T..  
Featured BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members

Authors alphabetically: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Featured Authors | New to AuthorsDen? | Add AuthorsDen to your Site
Share AD with your friends | Need Help? | About us

Problem with this page?   Report it to AuthorsDen
AuthorsDen, Inc. All rights reserved.