Join Free! | Login 

   Popular! Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry
Where Authors and Readers come together!

Signed Bookstore | Authors | eBooks | Books | Stories | Articles | Poetry | Blogs | News | Events | Reviews | Videos | Success | Gold Members | Testimonials

Featured Authors: J.J. Snow, iMichael Charles Messineo, iMarie Wadsworth, iJames McClelland, iGeorge Carroll, iGwen Madoc, iElizabeth Weeks-Rowe, i
  Home > Cultures > Articles
Popular: Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry     

Rosemary I Patterson

  + Follow Me   

· 39 titles
· 49 Reviews
· Share with Friends!
· Save to My Library
Member Since: May, 2001

   My Blog
   Contact Author
   Message Board
   Read Reviews

· The Great Canadian Adventure: From Indian Country To Nation State

· Not Really Coincidence: Tracing Your Purposeful Life

· At Eagle's Edge: A Novel About Our Choices, Our Future And Our Environment

· No Need To Say Goodbye: A Personal Journal - the Passing Of A Loved One

· School Proof Your Child: Assure Your Child A Better Future

· Liliha And The Sacred Mission: A Young Adult Novel Set In Hawaii

· Timber Sale: A British Columbia Literary History.

· Last Wild Place: An Adventure Novel Set In West Papua.

· The Way of the Supernova: A New Baby Boomer Retirement Era

· Money Child: A Romantic Comedy Set in Orange County California

· Another Theft from Native Hawaiias

· Goodbye Bella!

· INVICTUS NO MORE? Oil Spill Musings.

· The Tibetan Dilemma of 2008.

· Humanity or Inhumanity

· Guiding Teenagers To Positive Identity achievement.

· For Hawaii five O Viewers: Brief History of Real Monarchs of Hawaii.

· For Survivor Vanuatu fans: A Brief History of Vanuatu.


· What Is Mini About Mini-Nukes

· Nominated for the Hawaiian equivalent of a Grammy, a hoku.

· Finalist in Dan Poynters E-book awards

· 2nd. Edition of Aloha and Mai Tais: A Novel about Hawaii Music ians Out

· Great Review for

· Second Edition of Kula Keiki Ali'i (Chief's Children's School) available.

· Rosemary Patterson's Screenplay a winner in the 2005 Florida Indiefest Screenplay Contest

· Rosemary I. Patterson's Screenplay

Rosemary I Patterson, click here to update your web pages on AuthorsDen.

Books by Rosemary I Patterson
What is the difference between Racism and Ethnocentric Monoculturalism?
By Rosemary I Patterson
Last edited: Sunday, June 13, 2010
Posted: Tuesday, September 04, 2001

Share    Print   Save
Recent articles by
Rosemary I Patterson

• Another Theft from Native Hawaiias
• Goodbye Bella!
• For Hawaii five O Viewers: Brief History of Real Monarchs of Hawaii.
• Marquesas Islands
• INVICTUS NO MORE? Oil Spill Musings.
• For Survivor Vanuatu fans: A Brief History of Vanuatu.
           >> View all 17
A quick outline of how Racism differs from Ethnocentric Monoculturalism.

-Racism is conscious. One does not even want to speculate on why an individual feels so traumatized about oneself as to feel the need to boost one's own self-worth by denigrating a person of differing skin color or different cultural practices. Racial discrimination is generally forbidden by laws.

 -Ethnocentric Monoculturalism as defined by two of its most coherent authors (Gerald Wing Sue & David Sue in "Counseling the Culturally Different", 3rd. Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 1999) is unconscious. It is predominently a product of enculturation. Many people of an Ethnocentric Monocultural bent are well meaning.

Five aspects of this unconscious belief system can be particularly damaging to ethnic minorities. These are: (Quoting & paraphasing from Sue & Sue) 1)A strong belief in the surperiority of all other group's cultural heritage (history, values, language, traditions, arts/crafts, etc. 2)There is a belief in the inferiority of all other groups cultural heritage that extends to their customs, values, traditions and language. (Others considered pagan, primitive, uncivilized, etc.) 3)Power to impose standards. 4)Manifestation in Institutions. For example, education systems, management systems. 5)The Invisible Veil. "Since people are all products of cultural conditioning, their values and beliefs (world view) represent an invisible veil that operates outside the level of conscious awareness. As a result people assume universality: that the nature of reality and truth are shared by everyone regardless of race, culture, ethnicity or gender."

It's not hard to see how these unconscious belief systems result in two divided groups of people who do not understand each other at all. On the one hand, the dominent group presumes that everybody thinks like them and that they are pretty great and on the other hand, an oppressed group who thinks the dominant culture people are arrogant, viscious and must hate them which often leads to the conclusion on their part that the dominant group are beyond redemption.

What is the answer to this problem? A good question! Some answers are likely procedures like dialoging, apologising, at least drawing up treaties in places like British Columbia and Australia where they are mostly lacking, and reparations for years of discrimination, disrespect, paternalism and lack of upward mobility.  


Web Site My Adventure Fiction

Reader Reviews for "What is the difference between Racism and Ethnocentric Monoculturalism?"

Want to review or comment on this article?
Click here to login!

Need a FREE Reader Membership?
Click here for your Membership!

Reviewed by william trice (Reader) 10/5/2011
I am an American, born here in the United States of America,as I assume MR.Noland Carter is. What I don't understand is how black people can continue to call themselves Afican Americans when most if not all of them were born right here in the United States. Now my ancestors came from Ireland and Germany, and Scotland, but I call myself American because that is where I was born. It's not that I am not proud of my heritage it's just a fact that I am an American. And untill the so-called minorities in this country realize that they are just as American as I am then this racial tension will continue. I believe this article was very eye opening to all facets of racism in the world not just this country. The first slaves by the way MR.Carter were the Gladiators in the Roman empire and they were White, then the slaves that came from Africa were sold into slavery from other Africans that were also Black.So to think that white people are more racist than any other culture is absolutly ludecris and you need to get your facts staight before you go on a tirade such as the one you did about this aticle. We are all in the same boat in this tough economic situation at this time. But I along with some other veterans of the military both black and white fought to give you the right to dicuss articles like this one in an open forum, so don't take it for granted that it will always be there. Have a great day.
Reviewed by Noland Carter (Reader) 9/28/2009
It's typical of a person of the Caucasian persuasion to dismiss racism as some past historical event that can easily be dismissed. It's to be expected. I totally understand. What sane person is honest enough to admit that they are benefiting from their father and forefather's plundering of this country through rape, murder, and theft. This is a heavy burden to bare that knowing one's ancestors were a bunch of lyin',murderin', thieves. You do not mean any harm? I'm afraid you have already done that in your relegating injustices to only the past. It is a given that racism and racist practices exist today on institutional levels. Your admission of the lack of knowledge of what did or did not happen a hundred years ago only reflects your ignorance in historical matters and therefore negates any opinion you might have on socio-economic, racial, etc.,matters pertaining to todays society. Check out Tim Wise, maybe he can set you straight. No, you don't owe anybody an apology, but your White brothers and sisters who own the means of production and hold most of the economic wealth generated by the very people that your forefathers exploited owe us and all other minorities that were exploited a fair and equal chance at socio-economic advancement. I find it ironic, because you have just demonstrated a prime example of ethnocentric monoculturalism #5. Sorry Ms Harrsion, for I know the truth hurts. FYI- ethnocentrism is a passive form of prejudice. Everyone is misguided in thinking racism is only about hate. A big part of racism is INDIFFERENCE. The inability to be able to put oneself in someone else's shoes, and then to justify it it to boot.
Reviewed by Richard Green (Reader) 4/25/2008
I think the definition of ethnocentric is well developed. But I think racism is a bit weak. There are a range of meanings of racism that could be addressed. I a fuller treatment of racism might help distinguish the concepts even more.
I don't follow what the prior comments have to do with article. I don't see the article saying that ethnocentric is the same as prejudice. I suspect everyone is ethnocentric to some degree. I suspect, if we want to, we reduce ethnocentric orientations by learning more about others and being able to try on different cultural points of view.
Going off topic - As for history, if we don't address the past inequities and wrongs that are effecting people's present prospects for equality, the problems just keep following us like wounded, immortal,growling wolves...
Reviewed by susie harrison 4/9/2002
This article is pretty deep. But do we assume that all races are prejudice in some way? I believe all people are people no matter what color or ethnic heritage or background. I believe every one black, white, yellow, and purple all deserve equal treatment. But 'equal' is the key. No one race deserves special treatment just for the color of their skin. And I do not harm a fellow man for the color of their skin. I don't know about one hundred years ago, but that is in the past, I owe no opologies to someone just because their cover is different than mine.
What group do I fall under?
Good article, well read. Might want to use more lay terms for us blondes however...

Popular Cultures Articles
  1. The Chinese Experience in Hawaii
  2. La Hara, le berceau des Juifs Tunisiens,
  3. Cup-Marks and Pre-Historic Rock Carvings:
  4. Pathological
  5. Moving On...
  6. The Use of Charms and Incantations
  7. Blues Poetry
  8. Deluge Myths based on Fact?
  9. Detroit Institute of Arts
  10. Ethiopian Folklore and Folkmedicine

You can also search authors by alphabetical listing: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Featured Authors | New to AuthorsDen? | Add AuthorsDen to your Site
Share AD with your friends | Need Help? | About us

Problem with this page?   Report it to AuthorsDen

AuthorsDen, Inc. All rights reserved.