Our freedom is owed to the spies of the revolutonary war. Follow the links.
Trying to separate events leading to the L.I. Culper Spy Ring is identical to looking only at the feet of a person and eliminating the rest of the body which is attached to the extremities. In 1765 the Sons of Liberty began in New York City as the first formal movement towards unifying the colonies.
In 1772 Samuel Adams of Boston began a Committee of Correspondence that soon involved all the colonies in sharing secret intelligence. In 1775 the Second Continental Congress with President John Hancock presiding, approved The Committee of Secret Correspondence which utilized all pre-war and Revolutionary War intelligence. following. Then in 1778 the loosely scattered efforts were woven into a concise who with the organizational skills of Major Benjamin Tallmadge.
Present day accounts of Culper Spy Ring is inaccurate when checked with first hand account by Major Benjamin Tallmadge in his memoirs.
The present day account states that the information began with Townsend giving secret facts to Austin Roe who horseback rode across L.I. to secretly transfer it to Aaron Woodhull who transferred the intelligence with the aid of Anna Strong’s clothes line code to the whale boatsman, Caleb Brewster in Fairfield Conn. and then Major Benjamin Tallmadge delivered it to Geo. Washington. The problems with this account is that Tallmadge’s memoirs published in Newsday’s L.I. Our Story state that the intelligence flows continually daily and that he is seldom in that area. Here is the excerpts from Tallmadge memoir: ”This year (1778), I opened a private correspondence with some person in New York (for Gen. Washington) which lasted through the war. How beneficial it was to the Commander-in-chief is evidenced by his continuing the same to the close of the war. I kept one or more boats continually employed in crossing g the sound on this business.
My station during the campaign of 1778 was in the county of Westchester, and occasionally along the shores of the Sound .“
Obviously the Culper Spy ring continues by Geo. Washington. order to the completion of the war 1783, therefore someone else transported the information to Washington’s quarters Tallmadge quote: ”this year (1778) I opened a private correspondence with some person in New York (for Gen. Washington) which lasted throughout war. How beneficial it was to the Commander-in-Chief is evidenced by his continuing the same to the close of the war. I kept one or more boats continually employed in crossing the Sound on this business. “ which conflicts with his statement that he was only occasionally on the Conn. sound. as historians have reported.