1913 - 1921
"President Woodrow Wilson" our twenty-eighth President was born in Staunton, Virginia, the son of a Presbyterian Minister. President Wilson graduated from "Princeton University", studied law at the "University of Virginia" and practiced law for a short time in Atlanta, Georgia. During this time President Woodrow Wilson married "Ellen Louise Asxon". President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Asxon Wilson were blessed with three children.
President Wilson decided that teaching should be his profession instead of law and worked for his doctroate at "Johns Hopkins University", after which he taught at "Bryn Mawr College" and "Wesleyan College". President Woodrow Wilson also taught at "Princeton University" for a short time.
In 1902, President Wilson was offered the Presidency of Princeton University. In that role, President Wilson worked to reform Princeton University's eating clubs, which admitted only certain students. The outcry of the alumni over this gained President Wilson a reputation as a man for the people, and was offered the "Governorship of New Jersey in 1910".
The offer was from political bosses who believed they could control President Wilson, but he passed a great many reform measures, and threw out the bosses. At the "Democratic Convention in 1912" President Wilson was nominated for the Presidency.
President Wilson believed that the real job of government was to serve humanity, and much of the legislation he passed was designed to help the people rather than the rich and important businessmen. President Wilson's wife Ellen died in 1914, and the following year he married "Edith Bolling Galt".
As "World War I" opened in Europe, President Wilson tried to keep the United States neutral. President Wilson won re-election in 1916 on the slogan:
"He kept us out of war."
But actually, American factories were turning out arms and supplies for the Allies such as Great Britain, France, Belgium, and Russia. In retaliation, German marines began attacking American merchant ships. President Wilson issued warnings to Germany, but to no effect, and in 1917 the United States finally declared war.
In 1918, during World War I, President Wilson proposed a peace based on fourteen points. The basic idea was that the people of each country should determine their own governments and that there should be a "League of Nations" to enforce the peace.
After the "Armistice of November 11", President Wilson went to Paris, France to help negotiate the peace treaty, and especially to establish the League of Nations. Athough the foreign powers consented to the League of Nations, the American Congress was reluctant to ratify the peace treaty because of it.
President Wilson set out on a tour of the country to get support for the League of Nations, but in September, 1919 he suffered a stroke that made him an invalid. President Wilson was awarded the "Nobel Peace Prize" in the same year, but the following year Congress rejected the treaty. President Wilson retired to private life in 1921 and died three years later.
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