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Verb Tense
By Carol Culver Rzadkiewicz   
Rated "G" by the Author.
Last edited: Thursday, June 12, 2008
Posted: Thursday, June 12, 2008

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Everything you've wanted to know about verb tense but were afraid to ask.

Verb Tense

 

A verb is a part of speech that says what a subject is, was, or will be or does, did, or will do.

 

Verb tense means that a verb refers to a different time, for example, present, past, or future, etc.

 

Present tense: love or loves—I love, but he, she, or it loves.

Simple past: loved

Present Perfect: Uses “have” or “has” as the helping verb depending upon the subject; for example, I have loved, he has loved, and they have loved.

Past Perfect: Uses “had” as the helping verb regardless of the subject. Examples: I had loved, he had loved, and they had loved.

 

Present Progressive: Uses “am, are, or is” as helping verbs. Examples: I am going, you are going, he is going, and they are going.

 

Past Progressive: Uses “was” or “were” as helping verbs—I was going, he was going, you were going, and they were going.

 

Present Passive: Uses the present tense form of the verb “Be” with the past participle of the main verb: I am loved, you are loved, he is loved, and they are loved.

 

Past Passive: Uses the past tense form of the verb “Be” with the past participle of the main verb—I was loved, he was loved, you were loved, and they were loved.

 

We also have other tenses that deal with the future and with probabilities; for example, I will love, he would love, he would have loved, he should have loved, he will be loving, he should have been loving, if he had loved, and the list goes on. J

 

Remember, that we have regular verbs, to which you add either “d” or “ed” to create both the simple past and the past participle; but we also have irregular verbs, which form their simple past and past participle in other ways.

 

 

 

Regular Verbs

Love(s)

Loved

Loved

Loving

Walk(s)

Walked

Walked

Walking

Ask(s)

Asked

Asked

Asking

 

 

 

Irregular Verbs

 

Base

Simple Past

Past Participle

Progressive

Arise(s)

Arose

Arisen

Arising

Awake(s)

Awoke

Awakened

Awaking

Become(s)

Became

Become

Becoming

Begin(s)

Began

Begun

Beginning

Bring(s)

Brought

Brought

Bringing

Build(s)

Built

Built

Building

Burst(s)

Burst

Burst

Bursting

Choose(s)

Chose

Chosen

Choosing

Come(s)

Came

Come

Coming

Forgive(s)

Forgave

Forgiven

Forgiving

Freeze(s)

Froze

Frozen

Freezing

Have (has)

Had

Had

Having

Lay(s)

Laid

Laid

Laying

Lie(s)

Lay

Lain

Lying

Run(s)

Ran

Run

Running

Rise(s)

Rose

Risen

Rising

Seem(s)

Seemed

Seemed

Seeming

Set(s)

Set

Set

Setting

Sit(s)

Sat

Sat

Sitting

Swim

Swam

Swum

Swimming

Teach

Taught

Taught

Teaching

Think

Thought

Thought

Thinking

Wear(s)

Wore

Worn

Wearing

 

Using the chart above, select the correct verb tense.

 

1.         (Begin) I had ______________ my work before she disturbed me for the zillionth time.

2.         (Love) Tom and Sue _________________ one another from the moment they met.

3.         (Begin) The beaches near her summerhouse are ________________ to erode.

4.         (Seem) When I first met them, I thought they ____________________ like such nice people.

5.         (Ask) I have __________________ you for the last time to clean up that pigsty of a room.

6.         (Have) I was _______________________ a great time, in spite of John’s being a guest.

7.         (Lay) When he walked into the room, the first thing Ivan did was take off his coat and _______________ it on a chair.

8.         (Lay) Last night when he walked into the room, Ivan __________________ his coat on a chair.

9.         (Lie) Mother said, “I am going to go __________ down and take a nap.”

10.     (Lie) Teri has _______________ down to take a nap.

11.     (Sit) I do believe that Mark has ___________ in front of that TV the entire day.

12.     (Set) Martha looked around the room then _____________ the vase on a table near the window.

13.     (Lay) Yesterday, I ___________ my watch on the kitchen table, and now it’s missing.

14.     (Lie) Tom and Peg had just ___________ down when the doorbell rang.

15.     (Go) She has ___________________ to the mall to spend all of her husband’s money.

16.     (Go) She _______________ to see her mother who has been ill.

17.     (Swim) After almost an hour in the water, Nathan realized that he had finally _______________ the entire length of the lake.

18.     (Freeze) Putting his hands on his hips in defiance, Brad said, “The lake has _____________ over, and I am going ice fishing whether you like it or not.”

19.     (Bring) For the church picnic, Aunt Leona ________________ her infamous chicken casserole.

20.     (Begin—Run) Since Halley ___________ running, she has ______________ on a daily basis.

 

 

 

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