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Ken Brosky

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Set the Scene and Improve Your Story
By Ken Brosky
Last edited: Monday, October 15, 2007
Posted: Monday, October 15, 2007



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Recent articles by
Ken Brosky

• Five places to find a plot for your novel
• Creating a realistic setting in your fiction novel
• How to build your author web site
• 4 tips for beating writer's block
• A beginner's guide to writing a novel
• Places to find an agent or publisher
• Tips for re-writing and editing your writing
           >> View all 26
Learn how to truly set the scene so your reader can be drawn in to the story.

Too many writers in today’s age leave too much to their readers’ imaginations, omitting key details in scenes that are just as important as the characters involved or their dialogue, threatening the image of “floating heads.”


The “Scene” is the place where an event is unfolding. It is, essentially, what lies underneath the characters’ feet at any given time. In a broader sense, the “Scene” is the setting in a particular chapter or moment of narration. And setting the scene is one of the elements that can create a great story.


Here are some basic questions to ask whenever putting characters into a new scene:


1. Where are the characters standing?

2. When are the characters moving?

3. What is happening in the surroundings?



By answering these questions in detail and holding onto them throughout a particular scene, readers will be able to more easily visualize the story.


Where are the characters?

Sometimes, when two characters are on the phone, they might stay still for a long time. But in most situations, characters are moving. They’re interacting with their environment, and their placement in any particular scene is essential for a reader to create a good mental image.


Writers often forget to “move” characters between scenes. This can include awkward jumps in time or simply moving the characters somewhere else without explaining how it happened. Always keep in mind that in order for readers to visualize the movements of a character, it is the writer’s job to move that character in the narration.


When are the characters moving?

Writers often forget about their characters during dialogue, creating the “Floating Heads” effect: characters are engaged in dialogue, but nothing else is happening. The reader, thusly, is visualizing two heads talking and floating in a blank space.


Characters fidget. They move constantly. Their bodies move independently. No one stands completely still for any given amount of time, and writers should keep this in mind whenever characters are talking or otherwise. Keeping characters placed in the scene will help readers visualize them in a realistic manner.

Character movements can also be keys to understanding those characters. Their reactions and actions tell readers what they are like. For instance, a character who moves often may be nervous. A character who repeatedly scratches his nose may be a habitual liar.

What is happening in the surroundings?

Go out to a coffee shop, or a street corner, or even sit in an empty room. Things are happening. Sounds are coming from somewhere. Clocks are ticking. People are moving, interacting with their environment and every detail that’s worth mentioning should be mentioned. Take every opportunity to paint a realistic, detailed scene by incorporating the surroundings to make it easier for readers to visualize.

Sounds are coming from somewhere. Cars are going by outside. What does that tell the reader about the scene? If you tell the reader that cars are going by outside, then the reader is going to picture a scene with the sound of car engines in the background. These sounds may have an effect on what’s happening in the scene.

Clocks are ticking. When should a writer mention this? How about when time is of the essence? When time is being involved in some way? Mention the ticking of the clock more than once and the reader will take it as a clue that this particular sound plays an importance on any of the characters in the scene.

People are moving. Who are moving? Why are they moving? When two of your characters are having a heated discussion in the middle of a crowded coffee shop, how is everyone else reacting? Are some people getting up and leaving? Are others watching intently?

The difference between a bad scene and a great scene is the difference between a dark empty room and a coffee shop. Greatness is in the details, and writers who keep this in mind will already have an advantage over a lot of their competition.

Web Site More Information at Final Draft Literary
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Reviewed by Lois Christensen 9/6/2008
Thanks for the good pointers. I do not write short stories, but tried in past and simply could not get it done. It takes talent which I don't have but I envy you for having the talent you do.

Books by
Ken Brosky



Revenge of the Castle Cats

Buy Options
Kindle, more..




The Grimm Chronicles, Vol. 1

Buy Options
Kindle, Amazon, more..




Desolation: Stories

Buy Options
Kindle, more..




Prince Charming Must Die!

Buy Options
Kindle, more..




Happily Never After

Buy Options
Kindle, more..




The King of Blades

Buy Options
Kindle, Amazon, more..


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