AuthorsDen.com  Join (free) | Login 

     Popular! Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry
   Services MarketPlace (Free to post!)
Where Authors and Readers come together!

Signed Bookstore | Authors | eBooks | Books | Stories | Articles | Poetry | Blogs | News | Events | Reviews | Videos | Success | Gold Members | Testimonials

Featured Authors: G M (Jerry) Roberts, iWayne Anderson, iPaul Kyriazi, iRussell Williams, iJoan Huffman, iWalt Hardester, iJennifer Miller, i
  Home > Health/Wellness > Articles
Popular: Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry     

Stacey Chillemi

· Become a Fan
  Notify me of new titles
  added by this author.

· 536 titles
· 789 Reviews
· Share with Friends!
· Save to My Library
·
Member Since: Sep, 2002

   Sitemap
   My Blog
   Success Story
   Contact Author
   Message Board
   Read Reviews

Newsletter
Subscribe to the Stacey Chillemi Newsletter. Enter your name and email below and click "sign me up!"
Name:
Email:


Books
· The Adventures of Covenant Cove

· Stranger Lurking in the Shadows

· The Ultimate Guide to Living Longer and Feeling Younger: The Essential Nutr

· GANGS: How to Keep Your Children Away from Gangs, Drugs & Violence

· HOW TO BUY A HOME USING A VA LOAN: What Every Home Buyer Should Know

· Beginners Tips for Horse Training: What Every Horse Trainer Should Know

· How to Purify Your Drinking Water: Understanding the Importance of Purifyin

· The Complete Herbal Guide: A Natural Approach to Healing the Body - Heal Yo

· Learn How to Become Wealthy Selling Ebooks on the Internet

· Epilepsy You're Not Alone


Short Stories
· Stranger Lurking In the Shadows

· Tish’s Story

· Trish’s Story

· Mike's Story

· Shirley's Story

· Jane Gillespie Story

· Donna’s Story

· My Father Was My Hero – If He Couldn’t Build It No One Could

· The Ultimate Home

· What is your destiny?


Articles
· 2014 Top Recommended Health Products

· 10 steps to boost your self-confidence

· Is organic stevia better than sugar and other artificial sweeteners?

· PROFESSIONAL CHOICE VITAMINS: The # 1 Doctors Choice in Vitamins

· Sandra Bullock Goes Dog Crazy for Dogs with Special Needs

· Ben Affleck - THE MOST HIGH-PROFILE DOG LOVERS IN THE ACTING WORLD!

· FAMOUS DOG Lovers

· DOGS BRING FAMILY CLOSER TOGETHER!

· Nothing makes Jessica Biel happier than spending time with her dogs

· LOOK AT SOME OF THE MOST HIGH-PROFILE DOG LOVERS IN THE ACTING WORLD!


Poetry
· Nestling By the Fire with My Dog Jaliela

· Listen To Your Heart and Adopt a Dog Today

· Dogs Bring New Meaning to Life

· Dogs Bring Peace and Happiness into Our Hearts

· Dogs Hold the Keys to Our Hearts

· Dogs Are Gifts from the Heaven Above

· I’ll Be There by Your Side

· Puppy Love

· A Love of a Lifetime

· SUPERDOGGIE

         More poetry...
News
· Ways to make a difference

· The Complete Herbal Guide Offers an Expert Page To Authors

· Become a Member of the complete Herbal Guide

· Would you like to become an expert on the Complete Herbal Guide?

· The new launch of our health website

· Want a Huge Increase in Business?

· The Complete Herbal Guide Invites You to Join Our Community Mailing List

Stacey Chillemi, click here to update your web pages on AuthorsDen.

The brain is an extraordinarily complex organ. When it comes to understanding epilepsy, there are several concepts about the brain you will need to learn.






Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system, specifically the brain. In simple terms, our nervous system is a communications network that controls every thought, emotion, impression, memory, and movement, essentially defining who we are.

Nerves throughout the body function like telephone lines, enabling the brain to communicate with every part of the body via electrical signals. In epilepsy, the brain's electrical rhythms have a tendency to become imbalanced, resulting in recurrent seizures.


 
The brain is an extraordinarily complex organ. When it comes to understanding epilepsy, there are several concepts about the brain you will need to learn.


The first is that the brain works on electricity. Normally, the brain continuously generates tiny electrical impulses in an orderly pattern. These impulses travel along the network of nerve cells, called neurons, in the brain and throughout the whole body via chemical messengers called neurotransmitters.


A seizure occurs when the brain's nerve cells misfire and generate a sudden, uncontrolled surge of electrical activity in the brain.
Another concept important to epilepsy is that different areas of the brain control different functions.


If seizures arise from a specific area of the brain, then the initial symptoms of the seizure often reflect the functions of that area.

The right half of the brain controls the left side of the body.

The left half of the brain controls the right side of the body.


If a seizure starts from the right side of the brain, in the area that controls movement in the thumb, then the seizure may begin with jerking of the left thumb or hand.


The Brain:

The upper brain, or cerebrum, is divided into left and right halves, called cerebral hemispheres. A bundle of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum connects these. Each cerebral hemisphere contains four lobes: frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal. Each lobe contains many different areas that control a variety of functions.

What the brainstem and spinal cord contols:

the lower part of the brain contains the brainstem, which controls sleep-wake cycles, breathing, and heartbeat. The upper part of the brainstem contains the thalamus and hypothalamus. The lower part of the brainstem is continued as the spinal cord, which carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body.


What the nerve cells of the brain controls:

Nerve cells, or neurons, are the building blocks of the brain. They work like computer chips, analyzing and processing information and then sending signals through the nerve fibers. The nerve fibers act like telephone wires, connecting different areas of the brain, spinal cord, muscles, and glands.

Nerve cells are so small that a microscope is needed to see them. There are approximately 100 billion nerve cells in the brain. During a seizure, each cell may fire as many as 500 times a second, much faster than the normal rate of about 80 times a second in the brain and spinal cord. Hundreds of impulses bombard each call every second. One of the wonders of the human brain is how the billions of individual computers (neurons) in the brain function in a coordinated fashion to control our movements and breathing, and most importantly, to allow us to think and feel.


What the neurotransmitters do:

Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers of the brain. These substances are released at the end of the cell and cross the synapse, a tiny space between the walls of one cell's axon and the dendrite of the next nerve cell, to bind to receptors located on that dendrite.

There are many kinds of neurotransmitters, but each individual nerve cell produces only one major type. Some of the neurotransmitters are carried a long distance within the nervous system. Others, however, have local effects; that is, they are produced by and released onto cells that are close to each other.
Neurotransmitters are important in diseases of the nervous system. In Parkinson's disease, for example, cells that manufacture dopamine, an important neurotransmitter that regulates movement, are lost. Loss of nerve cells may contribute to the development of epilepsy in some cases. For example, prolonged lack of oxygen may cause a selective loss of cells in the hippocampus, which may lead to epilepsy.


Some of the major neurotransmitters in the brain shut off or decrease brain electrical activity. They cause nerve cells to stop firing. These neurotransmitters are called "inhibitory" because they inhibit the activity of the cells. A neurotransmitter called GABA is the best-known example of this type.


Other neurotransmitters stimulate or increase brain electrical activity. That is, they cause nerve cells to fire. These are described as "excitatory." Glutamate is an example of this type.
According to one theory, epilepsy is caused by an imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. If the inhibitory neurotransmitters in your brain are not active enough, or if the excitatory ones are too active, you are more likely to have seizures.


Many of the new medicines being developed to treat epilepsy try to influence these neurotransmitters. They try to increase the activity of the inhibitory ones, which turn cells off, or reduce the activity of the excitatory ones, which turn cells on. Either way, the idea is to have less uncontrolled electrical activity in your brain, and therefore fewer seizures.

Web Site stacey's web site
f

Reader Reviews for "Epilepsy and the Brain"


Want to review or comment on this article?
Click here to login!


Need a FREE Reader Membership?
Click here for your Membership!


Reviewed by m j hollingshead 3/17/2005
good informative article
Reviewed by Stephanie Sawyer 3/14/2005
Wonderful article, Stacey! You gave me news that even I didn't know about. Your educating line on the hippocampal area and the lack of oxygen that may effect it were synonymous with my situation. Thank you so much for this article and all your continuing efforts in educating.
Stephanie
Reviewed by Betty Torain 3/14/2005
Thanks for your informative,well written article. It was very easy to understand. Keep writing.
Reviewed by Karen Lynn Vidra, The Texas Tornado 3/14/2005
fascinating, informative article, stacey; thanks for sharing and educating!

Books by
Stacey Chillemi



Beginners Tips for Horse Training: What Every Horse Trainer Should Know

Buy Options
Kindle, Nook, iTunes, Amazon, Barnes & Noble, more..




Stranger Lurking in the Shadows

Buy Options
Kindle, more..




The Adventures of Covenant Cove

Buy Options
Kindle, Amazon, Barnes & Noble, more..




How to Become Wealthy Selling Ebooks on the Internet

Buy Options
Amazon, Barnes & Noble, more..




HOW TO BUY A HOME USING A VA LOAN: What Every Home Buyer Should Know

Buy Options
Kindle, Amazon, Barnes & Noble, more..




GANGS: How to Keep Your Children Away from Gangs, Drugs & Violence

Buy Options
Kindle, Amazon, Barnes & Noble, more..




The Ultimate Guide to Living Longer and Feeling Younger: The Essential Nutr

Buy Options
Kindle, Barnes & Noble, more..


Popular
Health/Wellness Articles
  1. My Old Kentucky Garden
  2. MY KNEES
  3. Tips regarding muscle cramps
  4. PROFESSIONAL CHOICE VITAMINS: The # 1 Doct
  5. improving your eyes with these tricks pick
  6. Why Don't Americans Use Bidets?
  7. 2014 Top Recommended Health Products
  8. using food combinations to aid in digesti
  9. PECKER PAIN
  10. Is Life Just an Impulse ?
  11. DUH ?
  12. Alcohol: The Effect on Mind, Body and Spir
  13. Support Groups and Asthma Organizations Th
  14. Mary Oliver's When Death Comes shared by
  15. Ways to combat depression
  16. little known ways to increase your energy
  17. Alzheimer’s - Natural memory fixes that re
  18. EBOLA CRISIS
  19. Is It Stress or Burnout? 7 Signs You Shou
  20. PAIN ... THE CONTINUING SAGA

You can also search authors by alphabetical listing: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Featured Authors | New to AuthorsDen? | Add AuthorsDen to your Site
Share AD with your friends | Need Help? | About us


Problem with this page?   Report it to AuthorsDen

© AuthorsDen, Inc. All rights reserved.