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Alcatraz Island, a natural defense for the city of San Francisco in the beginning of statehood became the focus once again after its retirement from service as a prison when the Indians of All Nations reclaimed it as once again, Indian land on November 20, 1969. This reclamation occurred during a tumultuous period during the late sixties to mid-seventies.
The median income for white workers was $31, 863, for Blacks, $20, 158, but for reservation Indians, the median income was $19, 377 in 1989 dollars. Poverty was a way of life, for some, electricity was not an option either was medical care. While the average suburban family was wondering whether or not to buy a color television, some reservation Indians worried about patching gaps in the boards of their houses to keep out the frozen winds. Events such as moon landings, massacres by US forces in a small country called Viet Nam, Marches for peace, marches against this war, and civil rights for both minorities and women screamed almost daily in the newspapers and on television. However, how much focus was there for the Indians who fought for fishing rights on the Klamath River, or the retention of tribal lands?
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