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DARAGRA Burma Phonekyaw

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SENSUAL DESIRE
By DARAGRA Burma Phonekyaw
Thursday, June 28, 2007

Rated "G" by the Author.

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SENSUAL DESIRE
(KĀMA TAHNĀ)

Burmese Religious Novel

Ma Khin May read following rhyme clearly:

1. Youthful appearance and quality of being young may be ending at the being old and wizened.

2. Love, marriage and dealing may be ending at the separation.

3. Dearness and adoration may be ending at the suffering.

4. Soul alive and living for life may be ending at the death.

"One more again please, Daughter," Said, U Pho Khin


SENSUAL DESIRE
(KĀMA TAHNĀ)

Burmese Religious Novel

By

U Nu (1907-1995)

(Former Prime Minister -Burma 1948-1956)


Translated by Maung Phone Kyaw














Preface of Author

Namaw Tasa Bagavataw Aharahataw Sammā Sanbud Dhasa

Venerable Sir, I do obeisance and bow to Buddha, who knows the true and the right ways of all of Dhamma, who owned enlightenment, which was able to, was respected and bowed by all of Kings of Nat, Human, Brahman and all of life being, respectfully by palms raised together on the forehead.

1. Without all of you accept it as best nourishment as the good moral behavior of enlightenment of Buddha Gautama, I Buddha do not see the safety ways of all of life being.

2. Without all of you stay in controlling of six senses in every time, I Buddha do not see the safety ways of all of life being.

3. Without all of you utilize the principles of Dhamma (Teaching), which shows the ways to get Nirvana, I Buddha do not see the safety ways of all of life being.

As a result of the vow of these true words, May all of you readers have an auspicious success that you should success for your life. In addition, May all of you readers can use the ways of Dhamma which for reasonable people from this Book.
Maung Nu
17th May 1963









Foreword of Translator

Buddham Saranam Gacchami
Dhammam Saranam Gacchami
Sangham Saeanam Gacchami

I take refuge in the Buddha
I take refuge in the Dhamma
I take refuge in the Sangha

All of Readers,

I have just translated this story as original statements and narrations from Burmese language to English Language. As I have desire to distribute and make a sharing my knowledge about this Kāma Tahnā that I had read, to all of readers who are interested and wanted to know about the causations of Kāma Tahnā. There are including about modern affairs of social life and behavior, and causation from every their action, in this book as cause and consequence that were describing attachment with the tales that Buddha Gautama addressed (preached)
As you would be gained, after you read, the knowledge on the subject of all of the ways of Vinaya, Dhamma and Philosophy & Psychology (Abidhamā) of Buddha Guatama,
May all of you readers have a pleasure and you can stay in controlling of your six senses for every moment of your life with your Paňnār Sati.
Appamādena Sampādetha
With Humbly,
Maung Phone Kyaw
1st January 2007
Monday


Content

Author preface (i)
Forewords of Translator (ii)
Acknowledgement (iii)

Come on, I will tell you a story 1.

Introduction 2.

1. U Mya Gyi's Family
2. U Pho Khin's Family
3. Two Sisters - Salad Shopkeeper
4. U Shwe Kyaing - Governor of a Town
5. The richest Man - U Tun
6. Mg Thein Maung and Struggle for Love
7. Daw Hla May and Mg Thein Maung
8. Medical Knowledge with supernatural power
9. Mg Thein Maung and Ma Khin May
10. Six Direction of Ariya
11. Ma Khin May - Teacher of Morels based on the Dhamma
12. Padaccayi Sutta
13. Nakulapita Sutta
14. Mg Pei Tint and Ma Tin May
15. Daw Hmyit and Mg Ba Maung
16. Preaching to Daw Hmyit
17. Puttolvada Kahta
18. Fortune of Ma Khin Sone
19. Mg Myint Swe and Ma Khin Hla
20. Sayar Kyaw Maung and Yin Yin
21. Six parts of Great Dhamma
22. Nayadha Sutta
23. Much suffering for less well-being
24. Five kinds of Future Diseases
25. Ma May Kyi's Diary
26. Principle of Best Friends
27. Ko Myint swe and Ma May Kyi
28. Loving Degree of Ma May Kyi
29. U Sandra and Ko Myint Swe
30. Soul live and living for life was...


“Come on my dear children, I will tell you a story”

“Ma Mya Yi, Ma San-Elder daughter,
Pho Htike - Elder son,
Pho aung - Young son,
Than Than –Young daughter,
Cho Cho-youngest daughter and
Grand daughter Phyone ”

“All of My dear, I will tell you one story, I wanted to tell you since ever before time, But I have a no time to tell you, I have now a chance to tell you all this story”
“I’ll tell you all, Listen to me with your good ears please”
“Before the story, I needed to tell you introduction of this story”




Introduction

Piyajātika Sutta
(Causation from Love)
While Buddha Guatama was residing at Jeatavana monastery in Sāvitthi, one richest man's beloved son who is only child, had died. As death of his son, the richest man had no desire to work or to eat. He kept going to the cemetery and crying out, "Where have you gone my dear, my son? Where have you gone, my only little child?"
The Richest man, then, went to Buddha Guatama and, on arrival, having bowed down to Buddha Guatama, he sat to one side. As he was sitting there, Buddha Guatama said to him, "Richest man, your face is not very well. Are you feeling for something that it made your mind unhappy?"
"Venerable Sir, how could there not be a happy in my mind? My beloved little son, my only child, has died. Because of his death, I have no desire to work or to eat. I keep going to the cemetery and crying out," responded, the richest man to Buddha Guatama.
Buddha Guatama, after that, said to him, "That is the way it is, richest man." "That's the way it is — for sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and its come springing from Loving"
"Venerable Sir, but, who would ever think that sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and come springing from Loving? Happiness & joy, I believe, are born from one, who is love and its come springing from loving." Said the richest man and he could not, so, delighted for the Buddha Guatama's words, rejecting Buddha Guatama's words, got up and left at once.
When the richest man was going back to his home, He met a large number of gamblers were playing dice on the way of his return. So, he went to them and said to them about that Buddha Guatama's words — for sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and its come springing from loving." In addition, he told them that "I replied Buddha Guatama that happiness and joy are born from one, who is love, come springing from loving. And then I could not delighted for the words of Buddha Guatama, I rejected these words and I got up and left at once."
"That's the way it is, the richest man, you are right," said the gamblers. That is the way it is. Happiness and joy are born from one, who is love and its come springing from loving."
When he heard about the recommended result from gamblers for his words, he very pleased and left with thinking, "The gamblers' opinions were the same as my fait."
The news of this conversation was spreading quickly and reached, eventually, into the king's inner chambers. Then King Pasenadi Kosala addressed Queen Māllikā, "Māllikā, your contemplative Buddha Guatama, has said this: 'Sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and its come springing from loving.'"
"If these words were said by Buddha Guatama, Honorable King, then that's the way it is." Said, Queen Māllikā,
“You just look like as one pupil as that whatever his teacher says, a pupil endorses it: 'That's the way it is, teacher. That's the way is.' In the same way, whatever the contemplative Buddha Guatama says, Māllikā endorses it; 'If that was said by Buddha Guatama, the way it is.' Go away, Māllikā! Go and die!"
Then Queen Māllikā called for the Brahman Nalijangha to go to ask for whether Buddha Guatama said or not about these words that sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and come springing from loving. The Brahman Nalijangha at once, went to Buddha Guatama, and he said to Buddha Guatama: "Venerable Sir, Queen Māllikā sent me to ask you about something. Buddha Guatama , Did you say that sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and its come springing from loving?'"
When he asked to Buddha about these words, Buddha Guatama said him, "That's the way it is, Brahman. That is the way it is. Sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and its come springing from loving. It's through this sequence of events that it may be understood how sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one, who is love and its come springing from loving.
"Once in this Sāvitthi there was a woman whose mother died. Owing to her mother's death, she went mad, out of her mind, and wandering from street to street, crossroads to crossroads, has been cry lauding, 'Have you seen my mother? Have you seen my mother?' It's through this sequence of events that it may be understood how sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one who is dear, come springing from loving.
"Once in this same Sāvitthi there was a woman whose father died... whose brother died... whose sister died... whose son died... whose daughter died... whose husband died. Owing to his death, she went mad, out of her mind, and wandering from street to street, crossroads to crossroads, would say, 'Have you seen my husband? Have you seen my husband?' It's through this sequence of events that it may be understood how sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one who is dear, come springing from one who is dear.
"Once in this same Sāvitthi there was a man whose mother died. Owing to her death, he went mad, out of his mind, and wandering from street to street, crossroads to crossroads, would say, 'Have you seen my mother? Have you seen my mother?' It's through this sequence of events that it may be understood how sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one who is dear, come springing from one who is dear.
"Once in this same Sāvitthi there was a man whose father died... whose brother died... whose sister died... whose son died... whose daughter died... whose wife died. Owing to her death he went mad, out of his mind, and wandering from street to street, crossroads to crossroads, would say, 'Have you seen my wife? Have you seen my wife?' It's through this sequence of events that it may be understood how sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one who is dear, come springing from one who is dear.
"Once in this same Sāvitthi there was a wife who went to her relatives' home. Her relatives, having separated her from her husband, wanted to give her to another against her will. So she said to her husband, "these relatives of mine, having separated us, want to give me to another against my will,' whereupon he cut her in two and slashed himself open, thinking, 'Dead we will be together." It's through this sequence of events that it may be understood how sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one who is dear, come springing from one who is dear."
Then the Brahman Nalijangha, delighting in & approving of Buddha Guatama's words, got up from his seat and went to Queen Māllikā. On arrival, he told her all about that conversation with Buddha Guatama.
Then Queen Māllikā went to King Pasenadi Kosala and on arrival said to him,
"What do you think, Honorable King: Do you love Princess Vajiri?"
"Yes, Māllikā, I love Princess Vajiri very much."
"Now what do you think, Honorable King: Do you love the noble Queen Vasabha ?... Do you love [your son] General Vidudabha? Am I dear to you?"
"Yes, Māllikā, I love you so much."
"And what do you think: would sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair arise in you from any change & aberration in Princess Vajiri, The noble Queen Vasabha your son General Vidudabha and I?"
"Māllikā, any change & aberration in Princess Vajiri, The noble Queen Vasabha my son General Vidudabha and you would mean an aberration of my very life. How could sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair not arise in me?"
"Honorable King, it was in connection with this that Buddha Guatama — the One who knows, the One who sees, worthy, & rightly self-awakened — said, 'Sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one who is love and it's come springing from one who is loving.'
"Now what do you think, Honorable King: Do you love [your subjects] the Kasis & Kosalans ?"
"Yes, I love Māllikā, the Kasis & Kosalans . It is through the might of the Kasis & Kosalans that we use Kasi sandalwood and wear garlands, scents, & ointments."
"And what do you think: would sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair arise in you from any change & aberration in the Kasis & Kosalans?"
"Māllikā, any change & aberration in the Kasis & Kosalans would mean an aberration of my very life. How could sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair not arise in me?"
"Honorable King, it was in connection with this that Buddha Guatama — the One who knows, the One who sees, worthy, & rightly self-awakened — said, 'Sorrow, lamentation, pain, distress, & despair are born from one who is love and it's come springing from one who is loving.'
"It's amazing, Māllikā. It's surprising: how deeply Buddha Guatama sees, having pierced through, as it were, with discernment. Come Māllikā: Give me the ablution water." Then King Pasenadi Kosala, rising from his seat and arranging his upper robe over one shoulder, paid homage in the direction of Buddha Guatama, and exclaimed three times:
Namaw Tasa Bagavataw Arahataw Sammā Sanbud Dhasa
Namaw Tasa Bagavataw Arahataw Sammā Sanbud Dhasa
Namaw Tasa Bagavataw Arahataw Sammā Sanbud Dhasa

Venerable Sir, I do obeisance and bow to Buddha, who knows the true and the right ways of all of Dhamma, who owned enlightenment, which was able to receive respected and bowed by all of life being, respectfully by palms raised together on the forehead.





(One)
U Mya Gyi’s Family

If we go to Pathein from Yangon by river trip, we usually pass through by small town-Wakhama, which far from Yangon for 112 Miles. This story started in Wakhama town, since fifteen years ago before First World War started.

At that time, two famous people were staying in this town-Wakhama. Name of one man was U Pho Khin and another man was U Mya Gyi. They both were friends as schoolchildren in their childhood. However, U Mya Gyi was a very bad boy. He often stayed away from school. He deal and connected with group of dreadful friends, and then, he has run away from his home. U Mya Gyi has not passed even four standard.

After he left, he had no permanent home to stay for ten years, he usually stayed as a homeless where in gambling group for playing in cards in every days, he worked that they wanted to do, ate their given, drank alcohol which their offered. He, sometime, joint with card players and played in with money given by players, And he has been staying as a cards player.

After that, he fortunately met with one widow, called Ma Shwe Ma, who was from Thawka Village where from the other side of Wakhama and they married. That widow had one saw machine factory. When after that, U Mya Gyi had managed this factory and he had a chance to apply in this field with his unscrupulous skills as possible as he could. He connected with officers from forestry department and humbly deals to whom should given, Girls were given to whom wanted girls, Money given to whom wanted money, Some of gifts and presents were given to whom wanted these things, and then He took large number of tike by unofficially as much as he could get. By means of his doing like that business, about two years later; U Mya Gyi could build one more of larger saw machine factory than his first factory. It was big about fifth time of first machine. If you go to Thawka, you could see the signboard as "Saw factory of U Mya Gyi & Ma Shwe Ma" even from the middle of river.

Wher U Mya Gyi have owned much of valuable things, he worked as receiving for Gold and Diamonds mortgage. If there were most valuable jewels mortgaged in a few of money, may be these jewels were lost. For example, if they mortgaged one diamond ring, which values about five hundred kyats, for fifty kyats, mortgagors could not retake their jewels. If he got jewels that he wanted, as soon as mortgagor left, he wrote down the words over the signature of mortgagor as "I already retook my jewels, dated ...etc" in mortgage contract. When at that time, there were on one who can get to justice department and police station to complain about this. Only they satisfied by crying out and stepping down from U Mya Gyi's home. Then, He extend his business as a receiving farmland mortgage, He also did the same as first business.

Tow years later, then Mya Gyi could build one rice mill and he employed many guards to buy the rice with low prices from someone who took this rice from fields and farms of others' owned.
He also, sometime, received from thefts, valuable things that he likes. While he was doing like this business, nearly two years later, he built one more rice mill which bigger than first mill.

When he owned much wealth, he built new house at Wakhama, and he sent there his wife- Ma Shwe Ma. As for U Mya Gyi has been staying in the mill boundary at the side of Thawka and he was indulging in sensual pleasure with his girls, who were to give to authorized officer for corruption, and drinking, playing card in day by day. He only went to his wife-Ma Shwe Ma for two and three times a month.
U Mya Gyi have got one son and one daughter with Ma Shwe Ma. The name of his son was Maung Tun and his daughter named Htwe Htwe. He did not know that how many children were got by other ex-wives. Because of, if one of his ex-wives has pregnancy, he gave to one of sawyers from his saw factory to marry with her. In addition, he allowed them (ex-wives) to find any one from anywhere that they liked, with their abilities and he had gave enough money that they needs. Some of girls, however, who did not afraid about the hell, easily made abortion. Not only his ex-wives were in Thawka mill boundary, he also had many ex-wives in the regions of his farmland. Although he said that he sometime went to see his farmland, he actually went to his ex-wives to indulge in sensual pleasure with them for two or three days each.

He has, even though, a bad character, as he was very cheerfully in paying money, people could not ignore and fight to him. Whether in Wakhama or Thawka, if there were religious affair and ceremony, the head of Villages requested U Mya Gyi how much to donate, he paid without complain in every time.

At the one day, U Mya Gyi went to Ohnpinzu Village which far from Wakhama to south west for ten miles. One of his lesser wives- Ma Ohn Tin, who was married from the moment, was staying in this village. She was young and pretty .She was seventeen years old as the same as age of U Mya Gyi's daughter- Htwe Htwe. U Mya Gyi had paid five hundred kyats to dating person. One thousand Kyats for Ma Ohn Tin's parent, He also had spent for Ma Ohn Tin by five thousand kyats and five gold hand chains, one diamond ring, one set of Diamond earring with a screw on back picas that weighted one yt each. Because of His father-in-law, moreover, wanted to be head of village, he gave three thousand kyats to authorized officers by correction to terminate the first head of village by punished for one of fraud cause and then reappoint his father-in-law as a head of Ohnpinzu Village.
Among ex-wives, U Mya Gyi loved Ma Ohn Tin very much than others. Because of, just he married her for six months, he had gone to and met her over twentieth times. In this time, U Pe Aung who was terminated from first head of Village, Ba Taut who was a first boyfriend of Ma Ohn Tin and U Pho Kha who was lost his farmland to U Mya Gyi with unreasonable prices (amount), know about that U Mya Gyi's action; they made a plan to kill him. Then, they hired one man - Sein Hla, who returned from resting in Jail. In that night, when U Mya Gyi was sleeping with Ma Ohn Tin, Sein Hla entered into bedroom from the back door of their house. When he arrived at the side of bed, he strikes strongly with a harpoon into the larynx of U Mya Gyi. Just that time, U Mya Gyi was dead in his bed and ended and over his crooked play. As for Ma Ohn Tin who married with old man as her father age by her desire to get the wealth of Gold & Diamonds, left only as a widow. Since, no one liked and dear to U Myan Gyi, except his father-in-law and Ma Ohn Tin in Ohipinzu Village, there ware no source to take an action for this case of killing. At the end of the matter they could not able to treat it, the police had ended this case without any action.

Wealth looks like as fire. If [he] use fire as a good thing, this is more valuable for people and society's benefits. If not so, this fire would be trouble for all of them. Wealth is also like as fire. If [he] can use in best ways, good benefits will be get. As a related to his wealth, If U Mya Gyi made a donation (merits of offering), kept the precepts and controlling in six senses (merits of precept) and practicing of abstract meditation (Merits of meditation), he could be as an extra ordinary people, Net, Brahman and he could be , at the end of his life, arrived to Nirvana. If he could not use his wealth in the right ways, he would suffer much and more. If he used his wealth in wrong ways, such as sexual pleasure with ex-wives, playing in betting, drinking alcohol and maltreating to people, he will be casting down into the four nether worlds.( i.e. Hell, Animal, Ghost, Goblin). U Mya Gyi, although, was a wealthy man and he could not used these in right ways. At the moment, if we ask to a Saint; who can see everything with his enlightenment, that where have U Mya Gyi been after he dead?, The Saint will be answer exactly that U Mya Gyi was now going down to hell.




(Two)
U Phone Khin's Family

When after that, U Pho Khin passed seven standards of Burmese school; he has opened one (Parikh) shop, which was selling the prescribed articles for use by Buddhist monk, for assisting to his parent. While he was opening and working in his shop, he, at the free time, asked to Kan U Kyaung Sayadaw (Monk from Kan U Monastery) and learnt about the lokuttara literature. For ten years, he has more improved in that literature. As he was not satisfied only by the lokuttara literature, he continued learnt and utilized the Patipatti hardly, undertaken by guide line of Sayardawgyi's (Venerable Monk from Kan U Monastery), he achieved the depth ways of Dhamma that he never have before in his life. When he was achieved so and known the tease of Dhamma, U Pho Khin requested his parent for that he wanted to be a monk and allow him to do. But, they did not allow. Only he got to merry with Daw Hla May, arranged by his parent. U Pho Khin had two daughters with Daw Hla May. Elder daughter called Ma Khin May and younger one was Ma Tin May.

When after that, Ma Khin May and Ma Tin May passed seventh standards of Burmese School; they were withdrew from the school. Then, they assisted and served their parent in their home. U Pho Khin has been, in every night, teaching to two daughters about lokuttara literature. As Ma Khin May has interesting to learn and she has endeavour to know about lokuttara literature, she, within five and six years, became improved. As for Ma Tin May, she was not interested in this literature, however U Pho Khin taught to her, she could not understand it. Father, therefore, gave up teaching to his daughter.

While he has been teaching to his daughters, he leaded and held different examinations systematically with the aiming of that other children can also have to learn this literature, such as Mingala exam, Dhamma-cakka exam, Satipatthana, compendium of Abhidhama, the lower class, the intermediate class and the highest and lower of one's knowledge of Buddhist scriptures examination in every year. To increase applicants, and to persuade other people to participate with their kindness, he pressed and distributed the reminder letters by himself. As for himself donated much money for that given valuable prize such as Gold pins and silver pins, money and books to applicants who passed these examinations by their grade. In addition, he requested others to donate any amount of fund for these prizes. Ma Khin May has passed Mingala exam, Dhamma-cakka exam, Satipatthana, Compendium of Abhidhama and the lower class of one's knowledge of Buddhist scriptures with first grade. Whenever she won the first prizes, U Pho Khin looked up his daughter face indeed and he ever said her "I am very sorry for that you are a female" with a sound of unpleasant. His desire actually was that if Ma Khin May were not a female and were a male, U Pho Khin would be asked her to do ordination for replace that he did not have a allowance to ordinate and to be monk. U Pho Khin has felt frustrated for that, owing to his daughter was bright in lokuttara literature and she was being a female life.

U Phone Khin, although, has completed in padiyatti literature, he dissatisfied just with this, as he believed indeed that he need to learn and utilize the practice of meditation which called padipatti and need to be one of Buddha's wanted him. By means of he encourage in here the growth of Padiyatti littérateur in to societies, he perused people to be interesting in meditation (Khamandha) practice. As a result of trying hard by U Pho Khin, many people who can donate much money, from city, were gathering and collected fund and they build one meditation centre which enough for thirty people at one time, in the free ground at the west of Pagoda. After that, they build this meditation centre, they, undertaken by Sayadaw from Kan U Monastery, invited to U Vimala Sayadaw (Monk U Vimala) who was pupil of Sayadawgyi (Elder Monk) who was residing at the Bago tawya monastery and who was specialized in both Pariyatti and Patipatti literatures. When Sayadawgyi has arrived, seven people who were support for meditation centre, and U Pho Khin made a meditation in firstly as an example worth following. U Pho Khin had meditation experience for one time before. Moreover, he has been staying with meditation prentices while he at home in every days. Hence, he achieved the depth ways of Dhamma that he got it then before. Master of meditation was also very pleased to presentation that related to the level in meditation's attainment of U Pho Khin. Owing to the cleanness in percepts (Sila) of Master of meditation, his steady manner and complement in both of Padipatti and Padiyatti literatures, the meditation centre was became growth and prospered from day to day.

Not only U Pho Khin was leading in religious affairs, the affairs of communities in village and town, were not completed without U Pho Khin. Whenever they have to do for what, they came and discussed with him and the committed him as a leader. Because of his smart behavior and consideration, all of people in town were very rely on his decision.

U Pho Khin has dysentery disease. This often made him in trouble. Only when he has suffering of this diseases pain, he usually stayed and had a rest in his home. As soon as he's well, he went to shop and opened. He never relaxes in his free time at home; he turned around into town or villages and he had been doing something of the communities' affairs, social affairs and religious affairs. While he has been performing that loki and lokutaya benefits, he stayed and has a rest at his home, when he had more suffering in his pain with becoming weak and at the serious condition of his disease.

Since Daw Hla May was suffering her knee joint pain, she could not went out from their house. In that time, Ma Khin May has been serving to her father by staying at beside of his bed. As for Ma Tin May had understandable for nothing. Owing to happed much troubles in their entire situation in the same time, after one-year long time, they faced that to sell their parikha shop to other one. While the whole family had been expending these money without any income, they become less for money situation within one year, after subtracted for medicine cost, payment for Doctor, cost for patients' nourishment. Because of other people who got gratitude from U Phoe Khin when he was well, supported them back without they requested for money, they only could be standing in stability life.

At the one day, U Pho Khin called his daughter- Ma Khin May to come to nearly him. Then, he said her " How about you my daughter- Ma Khin May? You'd tired for serving and taking me care, haven't you?"
"I'd not tired, Dad "She said her father.
"That is not for one day, one month and two months; you had been serving and taking me care by day and night forever, I think, you had tired for that, my daughter" U Pho Khin said Ma Khin May.
"I don't mind about that I had tired for serving and taking you care in every day, Dad. There was a said word as Matapitu Gunaw Anandaw. My weariness has not weight for even one element (from/of/in) hundred thousands of your gratitude elements." Said, Ma Khin May.

"Well done, well done, well done; I know about myself, I nearly ought to die. If I live my life, two weaken days at least." U Pho Khin said to his daughter.

When she heard these words, she became teardrop from her eye and said her father "Don't give up please Dad". Due to she felt sorrowfully, Ma Khin May was looking up her father' face with loving kindness.

"Don't cry, don't cry - my daughter please, you and I were living in the long way of this Sansaya, which could not see the beginning and ending point, and have been crying and weeping with suffering for death of our beloved fathers, Mothers, Husbands, Wives, Brothers & Sisters, relative family and all of friends. The amounts of our tearing-drops for those deaths were not less than the amount of water in the Sea and Oceans." "Owing to you and I did not meet with Buddha in previous lives. And we although met with Buddha, as we stayed without using and acceptance to Buddha's words , as we followed to the weeping way with only faith that is true by ourselves, as we came and followed into this way , we could not able to count our crying and weeping events." "We have now met with Buddha's Sasana and you have believing to Buddha with your satta (merely conventional expression)." "Don't cry my daughter, don't follow into this weeping way, Buddha shown and addressed about the way without crying. If you use and practice indeed the ways of Dhamma that was teaching by Buddha, you would be achieved the depth ways of Dhamma without weeping in your present life that granted by Venerable Buddha Gautma." "So, don't cry my daughter, do cleaning your tear; if you really love me and if you love yourself, stop your weeping please." "With acceptance of Buddha's words, you have to decide to practices and try to achieve the deep ways of Dhamma to get Ahab only in the present life." "You understand me, do cleaning your tear." U pho Khin said to his daughter- Ma Khin May.

"Yes Dad" said, Ma Khin May. She cleans tear with her shirt's hand edging. As Ma Khin May was brighter girl, she at once, realized deeply about that her father's words. She believed on Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha with her genuine mind. With the effects of this power, she felt tranquility and left away her fears in her mind.

"Daughter, do me listen to your reading about samvega rhyme please" Said, U Pho Khin.

Then, Ma Khin May read following rhyme clearly:

1. Youthful appearance and quality of being young may be ending at the being old and wizened.

2. Love, marriage and dealing may be ending at the separation.

3. Dearness and adoration may be ending at the suffering.

4. Soul alive and living for life may be ending at the death.

"One more again please, Daughter," Said, U Pho Khin

Ma Khin May read this rhyme again. After ended, U Pho Khin exclaimed "Well done" for three times slowly. Then, he asked Ma Khin May to call his wife- Daw Hla May and his youngest daughter-Ma Tin May. Therefore, she went out and called to her mother and younger sister.

When Daw Hla May, Ma Khin May and Ma Tin May were arriving in U Pho Khin's room, they set down at beside of his bed. U Pho Khin said them that he nearly ought to die. Daw Hal May started weeping. Ma Tin May cried loudly with sadness. When they were crying and weeping, U Pho Khin preached them the ways of Dhamma that he already preached to his daughter- Ma Khin May in before. Then he said them to do cleaning their tears. Then, he continued, "Don't worry for me. My believing, before I had experience in meditation practices, to Buddha, Dhamma and Sanga, was not deeply." "Sometime, I believed," "sometime, I suspect that whether Buddha, Dhamma and Sanga were true or not." "I had known clearly these happening in my thinking. It's not just hazily." "When after that I had achieved the deep way of Dhamma by practice meditation, these suspect in my thinking left away from my mind." "As well as I known about these suspect in my thinking obviously and I known clearly that left away."
"Although, my precepts (Five Nobel) that I kept before my meditation practice, was not definitely. In every time, I was keeping my precepts carefully not to break and not to break in alternative." "I knew clearly that I kept my percepts carefully." "While I was keeping it carefully, sometime broke" "sometime, broke in alternative "."Even though, were not broken or broke in alternative; sometime, my precepts being unfresh. I knew clearly those fluctuations."
"When after that I had experience in meditation practices, no need to keep my precepts carefully. It's became fixed as my nether garment Paso*. I also had known that clearly in mind." "If any one was keeping their precepts as their nether garment Paso and believing to Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha with clear mind, when after they died, they will never go down to Evil (hell) and will not be reaching to the four nether worlds.( i.e. life of Hell, Animal, Ghost, Goblin)." "Although, they have been living in long way of Sansaya, according to the words of Buddha Guatama addressed, they could decided by themselves that would be living and struggling for only seven lives and then could be got to Nirvana, at the end of life." "So, Don't worry for me, Stay with trust. I have a grantee as this situation as I said." "When after I passed away, I left this body look like as worn out Copper Cup with excessive diseases and I am going to reach in good being look like as Gold Cup which more advance than current living."
"As for you all, Mother was suffering person and you could do nothing." "You had no son and for only you had two daughters, you will be worrying for your future." "I will give you, therefore, one rhyme which was preached by Buddha Guatama." "You need to recite and pray this rhyme in every day, and read it to understand by yourself." "If you have understanding deeply about this, you all will be got safety way for your fear and suffering and also you could be controlled to your mind from elating." "You will feel as well-being for your life." Said, U Pho Khin.
Then, He said, "You my daughter- Ma Khin May, Please recite us the paragraph of Kammasakulmi from Abinar Sutta"
Ma Khin May recited that her father reffered.

"Kammasakulmi kammadayadul kammayuani kammavandu kammapadisaranaul yanvaman kayitsani kalarnam va papakanva tassadayadul Bavitsamiti abilna Paccavaikketatvan"
"Yes,It's enough" " well done, well done, well done"
"Please recite these with details of meaning - My daughter," demanded, U Pho Khin.
Ma Khin May recite it clearly.
"I have only fate as my wealth"
"I have only fate as heir"
"I have only fate as root cause"
"I have only fate as my relative"
"I have only fate as something to rely on"
"I have only fate as someone to rely on"
"If I have a done something to bad or good with this fate; same effect for my acting will be back to me."
"We should need to be thinking so in every day"
After that,
"All right, it's enough" "well done, well done, well done" "All of you do keep thinking it in your mind." "Don't be inferior for that husband passed away and father was dead." "The means of that I am Daw Hla May's husband and I am a father of Ma Khin May and Ma Tin May was only a term established through popular usage. In fact, I am not a person as your real relative, wealth, someone to rely on. Only your merits and fates were absolute your accuracy." "so, when I was passed away, all of you need to do more merit works than at the present and keep away from doing demerit works" " Well, you all can leave now." Said, U Pho Khin. Then, Ma Khin May and Ma Tin May brought her mother out together from U Pho Khin's room.

For ten days latter, Ma Khin May, in one morning, was reading about the story of commander-in-chief Santati for her father to listen at the beside of his bed. After ending, U Pho Khin exclaim " Well done" for three times and he said to Ma Khin May, "Daughter, I have a desire to get Nirvana after that I seen and bowed down to Buddha Arimetea. Each Buddha has four kinds of the unfathomable attribution such as Great appearance, Enlightenment, Words and power.

Owing to these Great appearance, Enlightenment, words and power were able to compare with nothing, It's called as the unfathomable attributes. I wanted to pay obeisance to these attributes of Venerable Buddha Arimetra. We see it in the story that you read about Santati; he was out of mind in that morning; Venerable Buddha said that Santati will be Arhat in that evening after that received four panda rhyme of preaching of Buddha, and Santati really became as an Arhat in that evening. Well see, how the attributes of the enlightenment and power were tremendous," Said U Pho Khin, and then, "Daughter, please call to your mother and sister".

Ma Khin May went out and called her mother and sister. A few minutes later, they all were coming in and set down beside of U Pho Khin's bed. When they set down, U Pho Khin said to them, "I am nearly to leave; I want to get your keep promise". When he said these words, "Ko Pho Khin, Don't say us like this words, you seem fresh your face today rather than previous days." Responded, Daw Hla May. "Exactly Dad Your face was very cleaning within these two days." Added, Ma Khin May.

When they said, U Pho Khin was smiling and said them, "You don't understand about that. These were ways of Dhamma. I accomplish the deep ways of Dhamma, and have a pleasure indeed in my mind. Because of the reflection from these feeling of pleasure, the cleaning image were appearing on my face that you seen. Anyway, I want to get your promise that all of you three will never convert to other religion from Buddhism." "Ma Hla May, how could you Please?" Asked, U Pho Khin.
"I keep you promise" responded, Daw Hla May and then U Pho Khin exclaimed, "Well done" for three times.
"Ma Khin May, how could you Please?" Asked, U Pho Khin.
"I keep you promise, Dad" replied, Ma Khin May and then U Pho Khin exclaimed, "Well done" for three times.
"Ma Tin May, how could you Please?" Asked, U Pho Khin.
"I keep you promise, Dad" said, Ma Tin May and then U Pho Khin exclaimed, "Well done" for three times.
Then he continued, "I now want to say you one more thing and that is not for promising. Any body could see only lifting spare, but they could never see the supporting of their fate's benefits. With supporting of your Merits and Fate, if you can take the Pariyatti examination that I started, to carry on, try to do it please." "Yes, we are going to do as possible as we could" Said, all of them. U Pho Khin then, continued, "Well, this is for your benefits. All of you had been following into the crying way of along with the Sansaya. You, now are facing the way that not for you weeping. If you do not want to walk into this way; Is it your fault or the way's?"
"It is our fault," replied, all of them. At that time, U Pho Khin looked up to Ma Khin May and said, "Daughter, please try to do your daily activities of merits such as food, drinking-water and flower offering to Buddha, as possible as you can".
"Yes, I'll try to do, Dad," Answered Ma Khin May. Then, he continued "Now, I want to get keep promise from both of you(Ma Khin May & Ma Tin May)that you will never make your mother to feel unhappy." "How could you keep me your promise, my daughters?"
"Yes indeed, we keep you promise that we will never do, Dad" replied, Two Daughters.
When after that, U Pho Khin exclaimed, "Well done" for three times, and he allowed them to leave. He additionally said to Ma Khin May," Daughter, Please say someone to invite to Sayadaw U Vimala in this evening, because, I wanted to obeisance." "Yes Dad" responded Ma Khin May and they came out his room.

In the evening, Sayadaw U Vimala was arriving and owing to U Pho Khin could not stand and sit down, he requested to Sayadaw to receive the preaching of Seyardaw by staying lie on his bed.
Sayardaw allowed him to obeisance as his convenience. Ma Khin May set down at back of Sayardaw and making fan for cool air. U Pho Khin raised his palms to his forehead and represented to Sayardaw;
"Venerable sir, as you known that I have been practicing in meditation non-stop from the first time of I started. Even though I had busy with my work, I tried and mediated before I went to bed in every night. Now, since I was being ill and no work to do in here, I have only one to meditate and practice to the ways of Dhamma. When over the midnight of last Tuesday, I attained the true and deep ways of Dhamma. Before that time, I was feeling for dissatisfy and angry for something of unknown, due to the suffering of my pain. I said non-stop myself these words; "You die! Why could not die until now?" After that, I attained the true ; there is nothing for feeling bad in mind. This is one thing of my changes."

"I had one more thing that before I attained this ways of Dhamma, I was sometime, thinking about the future of my family members and I felt imprecise in mind for them. But, now I have noting feeling for that."

"My sense always has been to Tavataita paradise in before that I attained Dhamma and as I thought sometime about sensual desire from there (life of Nat), my sense away from Net paradise and now has been to Brahman paradise. This also is one of my changes." These three of changes were being in mind after that I attained the deep ways of Dhamma, since the last Tuesday. As I want to present to you about these and I asked someone to invite you to come, Venerable Sir." Said royality, U Pho Khin.

With the exclaimed, "Well done" for three times and Sayadaw (Monk) addressed to U Pho Khin, "When this time that you was feeling for suffer, If you try and practice the meditation in non-stop, you will attain the deep way of Dhamma. As for many people, when they were suffering of pain in serious condition, they could not control their minds as the effect of much of demerits as with less of merits form the activities benefits. Now, you do not afraid for death and you have no feeling for that, you keep pay attention to the ways of Dhamma in your mind; that is outcome of your merits activities benefits. That is, it is."

"One preaching, in Dhammapada, was that The Buddha had addressed."
Attami Jatami Sukha Sahaya
Tudhi Sukha ya citayittayena
Punna Sukhen Jivitasinkhayami
Sabbatsa Dukkhssa Sukhen Pahanan

"As for you, when you became face emergency cases or events, were having friends is known as well-being. You were having satisfied with wealth as only you had, is known as well-being. When you nearly ought to die, you were having merits of your activities' benefits is known as well-being. Removing to all of disturbing that you faced, is known as well-being. The Dhamma that you attain is more being extraordinary. So, I do exclaim indeed, "Well done" for your attainment. Try to practice the ways of Dhamma in every time you have. Don't stay away from the meditation practice. Because of you have a chance to get Arahattamaga with your illumination." Addressed, Sayardaw (Monk). When he heard these words, U Pho Khin raises his clam and bow to Sayadaw.
Then, sayardaw addressed to U Pho Khin,"I will preach you about one Mahta' (Elder Monk), who became that as a result of his trying to keep practice the meditation with paying attention to the ways of Dhamma in every time that he had in nearly ought to die. So, you receive this preaching- U Pho Khin".
"Yes indeed, Venerable Sir", responded U Pho Khin respectfully.
Dhamma;-
In one day, many Monks asked for royalty to elder monk, Maha Sanghayakkheta, who had over sixty (wardaw) and was lying on the bed, "Venerable sir, which level of Arahat did you attain?"
"I had nothing of Arahat enlightenment yet" answered Elder Monk. When they( monks) heard these words, the youngest monks, who were serving and taking care for elder monk, presented to elder monk, "Venerable Sir, there are many donors ( malse and Females)group from twelve Ujana far away region arriving in here for that they thought you became as Ahet and they wanted to obeisance to you attain Nirvana. If you are not become as an Ahet yet and when they know you are still as an ordinary human being, they will feel unhappy for you."

Then, Elder monk addressed to youngest monks, "Monks, since I want to obeisance to Arimaetia Buddha, I had been staying away from the meditation practices. I am going now to practice meditation for these donors (Males & females). So, take me stand, my monks". Youngest monks, therefore, helped elder monk to stand and just elder monk started at once to walk out by one leg move, he attained the Ayaghattaphala (Fruition of the fourth and final stage in the Nobel Eightfold path). When he attained that, he called the youngest monks back. Then, youngest monks informed to the other monks in the monastery and all of them ware coming and gathering and "Venerable Sir, it is very amazing that you attain Arahattaphala within short time at you nearly ought to die," presented youngest monks royalty.

When they said these words, "Monks, since I had became as ordinate life, I never made anything with careless, and never stayed without analysis thinking" Addressed Elder monk.

"In this way, U Pho Khin, if you were now meditating with paying attention to the ways of Dhamma carefully with your wisdom mind, you will attain exactly to Arahattaphala in this time" addressed Sayadaw. After that Sayardaw addressed, U Pho Khin was calling "Well done" for many times and he had been delighting with peaceful mind. Sayardaw left after he addressed a few words to him.U Pho Khin obeisance and bowed to sayardaw by raising his clam to forehead and seeing to sayardaw until to left from his sight.

At the next day's evening, U Pho Khin asked his daughter - Ma Khin May to call Daw Hla May and Ma Tin May. When they were arriving in his room, "Well, all of you now bow me down with saying your words as 'we apology you to forgive us for any mistaken manner to you by physical (Body), Words (Mouth) and Mind (Mentally) in the long way of this Sansayar'" Said U Pho Khin and all of them recite these words and bowed him respectfully. Daw Hla Myay was tearing down. As for Ma Tin May was crying out indeed. Ma Khin Ma was neither crying nor weeping for her father, because of she seem to be accepted that her father would be got to good existence in the future with achievement of deep ways of Dhamma. When after all they bowed to U Pho Khin,"I forgive you all for any your mistake manners to me and I don't mind for you all that" Said U Pho Khin for three times. He continued requested them to call "Well done" for three times. So, They called "Well done" for three times. Then, "Now, this is my turn. I apology you to forgive me any my mistake manner to you by physical (Body), Words (Mouth) and Mind (Mentally) in the long way of this Sansayar" apologized U Pho Khin deeply.
"We forgive you for any your mistake manner to us and We don't mind for you that all" said all of them compassionately.
U Pho Khin called "well done" for three times.

After that,"Ko Pho Khin, How's your feeling now?" asked Daw Hla May kindly. "Don't worry for me. All of you can go now, go now. Don't forget the rhyme- Kamma Sakulmi that I gave you in yesterday. And recite it in every day and keep in your mind forever" Said U Pho Khin. Then, they bowed down to U Pho Khin and left from his room with their weeping. Ma Khin May came back to her father after she sent her mother and sister went out.

At that time, U Pho Khin asked for Ma Khin May, "Daughter, do you afraid for?" "Yes Dad, I afraid" Answered Ma Khin May.
"What for you afraid, Daughter?"
"I afraid for suffering in the long way of Sansaya, Dad" Responded Ma Khin May. U Pho Khin very pleased her answered and called " Well done" for three times. "You right my daughter; all of us need to afraid to this suffering in the Sansayar. If we never afraid these suffering, we will never escape from these painfulness' existence in the Sansayar. It is very good for you afraid. Well done, well done, well done" exclaimed U Pho Khin.

When after that, "Daughter, Please down me mosquito net, I will practice meditation in my time only I have" Said U Pho Khin. While Ma Khin May was making down mosquito net, "Daughter, you request and preach to your mother and sister to stay at the moment quite and say them about that extraordinary people do not like noisy sound" Said U Pho Khin. Ma Khin May understood her father's words and she replied him politely, "Yes indeed, Dad". U Pho Khin continued " You never lost benefits of your that served and took me care like this now, and these benefits would be supported you to escape even in current life from suffering of existence in the long way of Sansayar" and then U Pho Khin stopped his conversation.
"May I have these benefits completely as you expressed me" prayed Ma Khin May humbly.

After then, she said and preached her mother and sister, "Crying is just for happening of very bad existence, now Dad would be reached to better future existence. So, why do we need to cry for that?"
"Well, we don't cry any more," said Daw Hla May and Ma Tin May and they gave their promise.
Ma Khin May has been waiting and sleeping near at her father bed as well as previous days. In every night of these days, she had served her father to stand to sit for three times a night. Nevertheless, in that night, she had not serve him and waiting to her father calling. Therefore, she could not asleep in the whole night. When the light became rise in the early morning, she took up her father's mosquito net and looked him up. As she known that in her mind, her father already passed away at that time. She informs her Mother and sister about that U Pho Khin's death. Daw Hla May did not cry as her promise. But, Ma Tin May was crying and weeping for a little. When Ma Khin May remind her to stop her crying, She stopped and cleaned her tear.

As a result of U Pho Khin supporting assistance to other social affairs, they support back to his funeral ceremony to end completely. According to U Pho Khin's briefing, there was neither gambler playing in funeral house nor any music playing in sending his dead body to cemetery, and just betting to the triangular brass gong. With regard to his wishes, pressed the following Sanvigha rhyme on the fan and distribute to all people who were came and send his funeral ceremony;

1. Youthful appearance and quality of being young may be ending at the being old and wizened.

2. Love, marriage and dealing may be ending at the separation.

3. Dearness and adoration may be ending at the suffering.

4. Soul alive and living for life may be ending at the death.





(Three)
Two Sisters - Salad Shopkeeper

Many friends supported financial assistant for the funeral of U Pho Khin. But mother and daughters accepted that as an unacceptable money as a financial assistant for funeral ceremony, So, they donated all extra money of these fund. Therefore, they had only seven Kyats and fifty pyas in their hand after alms food offered to Monks on the seventh day of u Pho Khin’s demise. They three people discussed that how to continue for their life by only these amount of money. To consider for future life, Daw Hla May has one idea, Ma Khin May also has one thing of thought. But Ma Tin May has no idea, because, she has got Elder sister and Mother who could think and do for their future life.

In the discussing of three people of them, Daw Hla May said Ma Khin May to borrow one thousand Kyats from Mal Htin who was a youngest sister of U Pho Khin. She has enough money and there was no difficult for these amounts of money to lend.

As Daw Hla May was stopping her words,
“ Mother, continue your words to end please” pleaded Ma Khin May.
“Well, You go to Mal Htin and borrow one thousand kyats”
“ After we got these amount of money, what should we do with this.”
“ When we obtained the money, you establish one shop in the bazaar as you like, I have just this idea and I could only give you that is.”
“Ma Tin May, Have you got any ideas?” asked Ma Khin May
“I could do every things what you want me to do!” replied Ma Tin May
At that time, Ma Khin May said her mother that,” I have one idea- Mother, would you agree with it_” and she broke her words for a few second.
“Keep on your words, what’s that?” asked Daw Hla May
“I do not want to borrow money from any body”
“It’s not a desire to borrow money, My dear!, our current situation is in thorny,that’s why I say. I also have self-important as you have”.
“My thinking is not self-important – Mother, We do not know that how long would be continued to take for us. I do not like to start our work commencement with borrowed money. We should start with our owned money that we can. We should stand on our foot. That’s more corroborated, more relax to our mind, more feel free and wherever we go, we have owned sparkling soul” Said Ma Khin May
”Do it, if you have a good way that you can! I like to agree. What’s your technique?”
“It’s not big as your idea as starting with one thousand Kyats, Mother”
“How’s that?”
“I want to start as a salad shop which open in the afternoon time in the bazaar”
Daw Hla May laugh about that. But as for Ma Tin May,
“ Sister, if you do it selling, I will help you, OK!” She agreed.
Although Daw Hla May laugh about that, she is a very persevering mother and she could not feel unhappy.
“Mother, if you agree, I will start it today. It’s could not be done for us by sitting down” said Ma Khin May
“If you want to start with your said work, It’s not enable to do with this amount of money-seven kyats and fifty pyas. So, you need to borrow money from someone” said Daw Hla May
“No need, mother. I have one of Gold necklace, which I kept for using of emergency and urgency cases. I sell it and we will use these money for capital” Said Ma Khin May
“I never object that your chosen work, If you could do it!” said Daw Hla May, and then Ma Khin May called for Ma Tin May to arrange for necessary.
When their mother said that “ You should choose good day and time to start to open your salad shop”, Daughter responded her mother “Do not believe that Ideas, Mother” “Many works base on this Idea had been cancelled in many times, you see?” “Mother, You need to believe and accept about Kanma (destiny) in the rhyme which given by father. So, We will start it today!”
Daw Hla May stop her words and smoking her home made wrapped in cornhusk which she like.

When after they arranged to open their salad shop for the next day, Ma Khin May called her younger sister and said her that, “Well, Ma Tin May, Tomorrow, we go to open salad shop in the Bazaar where were dealing with different people and we have to work ourselves.” “So, we need to have composure at that time.” “Do you remember about that I taught you? Let me ask you my sister, What means of Composure?”
“Composure inhere is controlling”
“What for controlling”
“Controlling for six senses of such as Eye, Ear, Nose, Toung, body, mind “ Answered Ma Tin May
“Good, Well done”
“So, How could you control for these six senses?”



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