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Christ Centered MInistries
T. E. Killian
Too many people attempt or commit suicide while those around them didn't realize they were suicidal. This book will teach you what you need to know so that will never happen to you. It can also give hope to the suicidal person with the many Bible passages, which encourage and lift up a person who is contemplating suicide. Help is only a click away.
CRISIS INTERVENTION/SUICIDE PREVENTION
Relational Self Help Series
Trennis E. Killian
Copyright © 2010 by Trennis E. Killian
The print edition of this book may be obtained from www.trenniskillian.com
Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture quotations are taken from the Holman Christian Standard Bible ®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003 by Holman Bible Publishers. Used by permission. Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Holman CSB® and HCSB® are federally registered trademarks of the Holman Bible Publishers.
This ebook is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This ebook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each person you share it with. If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then you should return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy. Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.
Table of Contents
I. Four Elements of a Crisis
II. The Process of Crisis Intervention
I. Understanding Suicide
Common Myths about Suicide
Why People Commit Suicide
Signs of Suicidal Intention
Adolescent Suicidal Behavior
How to Help Yourself
How to Help Others
Rules of Suicide Prevention
III. Further Comfort from God’s Word
About the Author
Introduction to the Relational Self Help Series
The Relational Self Help Series addresses most issues of relationships. This series is sub-divided into five groups of subjects:
Choosing a Marriage Partner
Who Am I?
The Mature Years
Divorce and Remarriage
This list is not exhaustive, in that there may be other titles added later. The goal at present is to release these titles by the end of 2010. Once enough titles have been published in single topic format, there will be collections of four titles for $9.99 for each collection. Watch for these collections to become available later this year.
Introduction to Crisis Intervention
When a problem or situation becomes overwhelming to the point that a person is thrown totally off balance, this is called a crisis. The manner in which a person reacts to this “temporary” state of mind will determine if they are in need of help.
If the person is determined to be in need of help, then help must be administered promptly and firmly. The human mind cannot sustain itself indefinitely in a crisis. Relief must come soon, one way or the other. If relief does not come in the nature of help then the person will often resort to violence either to himself or to others.
Therefore, it is crucial that help reach a person in crisis immediately. This means that people who are “trained” in crisis intervention cannot always be available to help. Whoever happens to be nearby may have to be the one to help in a crisis. Therefore, the goal is for as many laypersons as possible to be at least knowledgeable enough to help until a trained professional arrives.
I have worked laypersons through the crucial stages of a crisis many times on the telephone. Others have made use of the information in this booklet to do the same. My prayer is that when you read and study this information, you too will be able to help someone if you find yourself around someone in a crisis.
It is important to stress that the information in this booklet is designed to enable you to help only until trained professionals may take over. Do not think that you have done everything needed, or that you can. Also, do not attempt to do any of the follow-up needed after a crisis situation. Please turn this over to professionals. Think of yourself as the kid with his finger in the dike until help arrives.
Therefore, submit to God.
But resist the Devil,
and he will flee from you.
I. Four Elements of a Crisis
Understanding what causes a crisis can often help in dealing with someone who is going through a crisis. Following is a description of the Four Elements of a Crisis.
Something happens to start a chain reaction of events, which develops into a crisis. This incident is usually so overwhelming that the mind either shuts down or reacts in other possibly violent ways that are not normal behavior for that individual. It is extremely important for their equilibrium and safety to identify this crisis as soon as possible.
A Susceptible State
Many times, we let ourselves run down physically, mentally or even spiritually. When this happens, we are more susceptible to reacting “out of character” or submitting to the crisis.
Fatigue (mental and/or physical) is one of the most common causes of the Susceptible State. We’re just too tired to face whatever comes our way.
Illness is another common cause, which also causes an attitude of not caring or giving up to whatever is closing in.
A depressed state of mind can also bring about this submission to the outside elements leading to a crisis.
All of these factors combine to lower coping mechanisms, which leave us susceptible to losing control of our actions and especially our reactions.
Literally, this is the straw that broke the camel’s back. We may be able to make it through an intense time of crisis and then all of a sudden break over something minor, such as a broken glass, child crying, or a noise of any kind (even a Radio or TV).
This may be the straw, so to speak, but the reaction is really because of the serious loss. This is why it is important to understand what that serious loss is.
When a person can’t handle the situation any longer, they enter into a state of active crisis. This state of active crisis can only continue for a limited amount of time before causing major damage to the mental state of the individual. It is widely agreed that for a crisis to continue for more than 72 hours is rare.
Indications of this state:
Symptoms of stress
Some type of extreme discomfort is always present. There may be physiological symptoms such as, headaches, dizziness, or even bleeding ulcers. There may also be psychological symptoms such as, depression, anxiety, or disorientation.
A feeling of panic or defeat
They have the feeling that they have tried everything and nothing works. They begin to feel that there is no hope. They feel as if they are failures. They have the feeling of being defeated, overwhelmed, and helpless.
There are two ways of responding to this feeling of panic or defeat.
One way is that they may become agitated and exhibit behavior that is unproductive. Such behaviors might be, pacing, drinking, drugs, fast driving, and fights.
Another way of responding is to become apathetic which may cause drowsiness or excessive sleeping.
The focus is on relief
They may even voice their need such as, “Help.” or “Get me out of this situation.”
They are in no condition to deal with their problems in a rational way, causing them to appear to be in a daze, even respond in bizarre ways.
They want relief from the pain of the stress. They will be frantic in their efforts and will look to others for help. The caution here is that they may become too dependent upon others for help out of not only this situation, but also others in the future.
A time of lowered efficiency
They may look and act normal, but only they are probably only operating on about 60% efficiency.
The greater the threat to their wellbeing, the less effective they will be at coping with the problem.