Many people think that the massacre at Tiananmen Square was a complete victory for the communists in charge of China, but history proves that is not the case.
Chan Kai Yee, who suffered through the Cultural Revolution while Mao Zedong ruled China with an iron fi st, describes how elite intellectuals prepare to fight back. His profound knowledge of history and close contacts with key dissenters give him an unmatched perspective on events, which culminated with the protests in Tiananmen Square in 1989.
Thousands of people died in the Tiananmen Square massacre; while the Communist Party ostensibly remained in power, their leading members start to worry. The massacre helped reformers overcome the resistance of stalwart conservatives who
previously would not budge from their positions. Gradually, talented intellectuals began to mount a silent, peaceful coup d’état to seize control of the country.
With intellectuals running the country, China became a dominant world power that could surpass the United States. Discover how a band of intellectuals transformed a nation
and the world in Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements.
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Tiananmen's Tremendous Achievements
The Silent, Peaceful Coup D'Etat in China...
A Revealing Book on Intellectuals' Coup that Has Brought China Prosperity
With the help of the pervasive fear aroused by Tiananmen Protests throughout the Party, talented Chinese intellectuals have accomplished a coup to take control of the Party and state and are thus able to bring prosperity to China.
Being ignorant of that coup, people outside China are puzzled how a communist autocracy is able to make such tremendous achievements.
A Book that Refutes Tiananmen Butcher's Justification of the Massacre
As even people inside China are not aware of that silent peaceful coup, Li Peng, the notorious Tiananmen butcher, tries to argue that China's prosperity years after Tiananmen justifies the massacre.
The author points out that before Tiananmen the Party had a track record of bringing disasters to China for two decades and though Deng Xiaoping's reform began to bring prosperity, there were insurmountable obstacles to the reform.
A Book on Tiananmen's Contribution in Overcoming Insurmountable Obstacles to the Reform
China' prosperity now has been brought about by the reform capitalist in nature, which Li Peng and the vast number of conservatives from top to the bottom in the Party fiercely opposed. They had brought down Hu Yaobang and were trying hard and almost succeeded in bringing down Zhao Ziyang before Tiananmen Protests in order to put an end to Deng Xiaoping's reform.
It was Tiananmen that enabled Jiang Zemin who was able to carry on the reform to rise to the top and it was the pervasive fear of collapse given rise by Tiananmen that helped Jiang to succeed in his coup to substitute intellectuals' dominance for workers' and peasants' dominance and thus overcome the insurmountable obstacles.
A Book on How Intellectuals Wanted to Fight Back during the Cultural Revolution
Emergence of a new generation of talented intellectuals with moral integrity;
Their secret meeting in preparation for seizing power;
Renaissance of Confucianism;
Intellectuals having been persecuted were hardened and united and anxious to fight back.
A Book that tells Lots of Interesting True Stories on China's Dark Era
The author gives interesting stories on the following, which, though interesting, are what have really happened as he wants it to be a book of history instead of a fiction:
Illicit prostitution and crimes due to serious unemployment;
Rusticated youth's successful hunger strike for going home 1978-79;
Secret society of peddlers;
Youngsters becoming thieves, robbers, gangsters;
A scholarly gangster leader, etc.
A Book on China's Route to Democracy
Quite a few people are disappointed that there has been no campaign for democracy of a substantial scale in China since the massacre. The author, however, points out China's traditional Mencius democracy is being established and may absorb the advanced factors in Western democracy.
1. The Students who Changed China—Reform Doomed without Tiananmen
Once Bitten by a Snake, One Is Scared All One's Life at the Mere Sight of a Rope
The above is a popular Chinese saying often used as a metaphor to describe the persistent fear after a traumatic event.
It is understandable that the Party felt threatened by mass protest of Falun Gong, an organization that popularizes a kind of qigong, a breathing technique to improve health and treat some diseases, and had to ban it. There were so many people practicing Falun Gong then. They could be regarded as a political organization able to confront the Party.
It is still understandable that Liu Xiaobo, this year's Nobel Peace Prize laureate, was jailed 11 years for his participation with Charter 08 that calls for greater freedom of expression, human rights and multi-party democracy though in six months, only 8,600 of China's over one billion people had put their signatures on the document. Since Liu had participated in Tiananmen Protests and been jailed for that, it was only natural for the Party to punish him again when he continued such activities no matter whether he had violated the law or not.
However, it puzzled everyone that Zhao Lianhai, founder of Home for Kidney Stone Babies, a concern group for victims of melamine-poisoned milk, was brought to court in handcuffs and shackles for fighting for victimized babies' rights. The handcuffs were not removed until his lawyers protested, but his feet remained in shackles for hours throughout the hearing. What felony did he commit to have been humiliated like that?
According to his prosecutor, Zhao Lianhai "maliciously made the tainted milk incident an issue on the Internet, instigated and gathered people to shout slogans and hold illegal assemblies and thus seriously disrupted public order." In fact, Zhao's website helped families with babies poisoned by tainted milk share their experiences, maintained a database of medical records and provided practical help such as medical information about children sick due to tainted milk. Since the government itself made public the evils done by the enterprises that sold the tainted milk and the trials and verdicts of the cases of the managers of those enterprises, what was Zhao's website wrong in doing so?
As reported by Hong Kong and Western media, the prosecutor knew well himself that the protests lead by Zhao Lianhai were entirely peaceful and gave rise to no serious disturbance. The protesters merely shouted some slogans and held some assemblies without permission. Article 290 of China's Criminal Law provides, "Where people are gathered to disturb public order to such a serious extent that work in general, production, business operation, teaching or scientific research cannot go on and heavy losses are caused, the ringleaders shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years;..." Since no work in general, production, business operation, teaching or scientific research was affected nor any losses caused, the disturbance was by no means serious. There is, therefore, no ground to prosecute Zhao!
As for holding some harmless assemblies without permission, Zhao Lianhai contacted government officials times and again but got pressure instead of support from them. Since government officials tried hard to cover up the evils done, how could Zhao get permission for the assemblies? Zhao and others were justified in holding peaceful assemblies without permission. They had such rights according to China's constitution.
Having seen all the good things the Party has done for the people in providing medical insurance, pension, housing, etc. for workers and peasants and giving relief to earthquake-, mudslide- and draught-stricken areas, people cannot help but wonder why the government has no sympathy for parents of melamine-poisoned babies. The only baby a couple is allowed to have has been poisoned and no one knows how the poison will affect the baby's health in the future. Thanks to Zhao Lianhai's leadership, those parents restrained their anger and protested peacefully. Shall the government not make allowance for that?
Moreover, Zhao Lianhai's own only baby had kidney stones due to the tainted milk. How can he be accused of maliciously exploiting the incident to make trouble? As a victim's father, Zhao himself has the right to express his anger peacefully on the Internet and in the streets. Are Party top leader Hu Jintao's "putting the people first" in his Scientific Outlook on Development empty talks? No, judging by what Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao have done, they do have put the people first in lots of things they have done. Why Zhao Lianhai is treated so callously then?
The Party's Tiananmen Syndrome
The attack that the Party suffered from Tiananmen Protests was like the bite of a snake, which threatened Party's very survival then. The protests led by Zhao Lianhai though quite harmless like a rope compared with the "snake" — the Tiananmen Protests, the Party was scared just as described by the Chinese saying that served as the first subheading: "Once bitten by a snake, one is scared all one's life at the mere sight of a rope." That was why the Party made such a show to humiliate and punish Zhao Lianhai. I would like to call this the Party's Tiananmen Syndrome. It makes the Party suppress any mass protest in order to prevent such protest from growing into one like Tiananmen Protests that may threaten the Party's monopoly on political power....
Attempt to Justify the Massacre
Those whose hands were stained with the blood even think that it is time now to justify the massacre. Li Peng ((1928 - ), former Chinese premier and NPC (China's parliament) Chairman, one of the arch conservatives responsible for the massacre) wrote his "Li Peng's Diary" to justify the massacre as soon as he retired in 2003, but the Party did not allow him to publish the book. The Party just wants people to forget Tiananmen. However, recently, there was quite a hue and cry in Hong Kong that some people attempted to publish the book in Hong Kong but failed due to the ban. However, the book can be downloaded from the Internet now. That was an obvious attempt to justify Tiananmen massacre.
In the postscript of his book, Li Peng quotes Hu Jintao's speech at a central work conference of the Party in 2001: "If the political turmoil had not been handled resolutely and correctly, it would have been impossible for the situation of prosperity and stability to have emerged today."
What does the term "turmoil" means?
According to Li Peng's diary, it means Tiananmen protests would have caused the Party to collapse. As a result, there would not have been the prosperity under the Party's leadership years after the "turmoil".
However could China be prosperous under the Party's rule without the "turmoil"?
No Tiananmen, No Prosperity Years after Tiananmen
The track record of the 40 years of the Partys rule before Tiananmen was quite poor. There was only 8 years good administration from 1949 to 1957.... Then there were the "three years of natural disasters" resulting in the death of millions of people.
... The natural disasters, according to Liu Shaoqi, the no. 2 Party leader then, were 70% caused by bad rule of the Party.
When the country had barely recovered from the "natural disasters", commencing from 1966, there was the unprecedented chaos of the Cultural Revolution. There was beating, killing and illegal imprisonment of innocent people everywhere. Chinese economy was brought to the verge of collapse. Everywhere there was shortage of nearly everything including the most common vegitable. For 20 years from 1958 to 1978, the Party brought no prosperity but disasters to China.