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Chris A Rutkowski

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The Canadian UFO Report
by Chris A Rutkowski  Geoff Dittman 

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Publisher:  Dundurn Press ISBN-10:  1550026216 Type: 


Copyright:  August 1, 2006

The Canadian UFO Report is a chronological review of the most interesting UFO cases in Canada, drawn from investigators' files, government documents and case studies.

The Canadian UFO Survey



Ten per cent of all Canadians have seen UFOs.

That is not a number picked frivolously out of thin air (pardon the pun), but a statistic based on polls and surveys of North Americans and specifically Canadians, done by various independent polling organizations and groups. When asked the question, AHave you ever seen a UFO?., one in every ten Canadians will say, AYes..

This is not an insignificant number of people. In 2003, according to Statistics Canada, there were 31.6 million people in Canada. Ten percent of the population is 3.16 million people, and definitely a lot of UFO witnesses. It=s not that Canadians see more UFOs than other nationalities. The percentage is the same in other developed countries such as The United States and Britain.

The significance of this data is that according to Statistics Canada, about the same number of people in Canada have been diagnosed with high blood pressure: 3.25 million. By way of comparison, 2.1 million are afflicted with asthma, 1 million have arthritis and 1.3 million suffer from depression. The difference is that there is great concern about the large number of people with high blood pressure, diabetes, arthritis and depression, and this has resulted in national programs to educate the public about prevention and treatment of these conditions.

Yet, three million Canadians believe they have seen UFOs, and this does not seem to be of concern to educators, politicians or the scientific community. If, as some suggest, people who see UFOs are imagining them or simply Aseeing things,. should this not be cause for some worry, since one in ten people cannot trust their own eyes? Or, if as others believe, people are seeing spaceships from other planets, would an armada of three million vessels not cause some anxiety for military strategists?

Of course, the statistics need some expansion and interpretation. The term UFO is very ambiguous, being simply an abbreviation of the phrase unidentified flying object. In popular culture, it has come to mean Aalien spacecraft,. but that is not necessarily what has been observed or reported.

Ufologists are people who investigate or conduct research on reports of UFO sightings. They do not study UFOs because the UFOs were seen by the witnesses and are no longer around to be studied directly. Investigators use various techniques to try and explain or understand what the witness has seen based on his or her testimony. In this sense, ufologists are more like private investigators or parts of an expert CSI: UFO team.

Through studies of case reports and investigations, ufologists have demonstrated that few UFO reports can be said to have no explanation. Many sightings of what witnesses believe to be unusual objects in the sky are found to have reasonable causes such as flights of military aircraft, advertising lights, brilliant meteors, scintillating stars and fast-moving satellites. Only a small fraction of all UFO reports are sufficiently documented, well-investigated and detailed enough by cooperative witnesses, and do not appear to have explanations after investigators have had time to analyze the data, so that they can be said to have no explanations. Even then, this does not mean the UFOs in question were alien spacecraft - that would be an explanation, too! We can only state that there was no explanation for what was seen, and shrug our shoulders. This may not be satisfying, and may not be as sensational as tabloid TV would have us say, but it is the reality of ufology.


In Canada, there are a handful of dedicated UFO investigators scattered across the country, interviewing witnesses and collecting information about cases. Almost all cooperate in a national study called the Canadian UFO Survey which compiles case data and publishes an annual analysis of UFO sightings reported officially in Canada. In 2004, 882 cases were received for study, an increase of more than 30 per cent over the year before. In fact, since the yearly analyses were began in the late 1980s, the number of UFO sightings reported in Canada has been steadily increasing overall. This is in direct contradiction to news stories and skeptical UFO TV shows which state that the number of UFO reports is decreasing. Obviously, the data in Canada shows exactly the opposite. A comparison with other databases, such as the National UFO Reporting Center in the USA, also shows an increase in the number of reported UFOs over the past several years. Why the public is being told that UFOs are on the decline is not clear.

Remember, however, that is number of UFO reports are raw UFO cases, and many turn out to be aircraft or satellites. Still, there are dozens of high-quality unknowns each year.

When someone asks, ADo UFOs really exist?., I respond with a decisive Ayes.. If necessary, I explain that UFOs are merely objects in the sky that defy explanation by an observer. Obviously, such object exist. Some stimulus is in the sky to affect an observation, and thus cause a UFO sighting. The question that was probably intended is: ADo flying saucers from other planets exist?. The answer to this question is one that has led many skeptics and believers to go at each others= throats in vicious arguments.

The phrase flying saucer is very liberally applied to UFOs by news media and most laypeople. The term was first coined in 1947 when pilot Kenneth Arnold claimed he had seen silver disclike object flying near Mt. Rainier in Washington State. When asked by a reporter to describe what he had seen, Arnold replied that the appearance of the objects= flight was that they moved as if they were plates or saucers skimming across water. The reporter quickly took the analogy as flying saucers, and the name stuck in the public mind.

Arnold=s objects were in a special category of what are called today Daylight Discs. These are in the minority when compared with the bulk of UFO reports; most UFO sightings are of objects known as Nocturnal Lights. Such objects are simply lights in the night sky that behave in ways that seem mysterious to their observers. Many of these turn out to have explanations such as an aircraft, satellite, star, planet or meteor.

What kind of people see UFOs? While some skeptics might answer that UFO witnesses are delusional, gullible or uneducated, the reality is that the demographics of UFO witnesses cuts across all ages, socioeconomic status, educational background, occupation and cultures, and furthermore, many witnesses are people with significant training in observation and judgement. Unfortunately, many UFO witnesses are reluctant to tell others of their sightings for fear of being ridiculed by skeptics. This attitude is changing, thankfully, and it appears that society as a whole is becoming more accepting of those who have had remarkable experiences.

What are UFOs, then? There are six basic categories of explanations for UFOs:


1.                  Misinterpretations of conventional objects or common phenomena;

2.                  Hoaxes;

3.                  Unusual natural or poorly-understood phenomena;

4.                  Secret government or military projects;

5.                  Hallucinations;

6.                  Something else.



Included in the last category is every speculative idea ever proposed concerning the extraterrestrial nature of UFOs and alien spacecraft. This quite naturally leaves the category wide open for anyone to propose his or he pet theory and innovation. These range from the relatively passive Aman from Mars. to the extragalactic, and on through other dimensions and time travel. The motivations as to what Athey. want from us range from benign alien anthropologists watching our daily routines to preparation for insidious oppression, colonization or slavery.

It should also be noted that there is a great deal of modern scientific research and brilliant deductive studies in the emerging field of exobiology: life outside of the Earth. Hardly a month goes by without more analyses being completed on another sample of Martian soil or rock in a quest for evidence of extraterrestrial organisms. The duplication of amino acid formation in the early stages of earth=s history has convinced many scientists that life would likely arise on other planets and produce creatures somewhat similar to ourselves.

We know with a high degree of certainty that other human-like creatures do not exist elsewhere in the Solar System. Speculation is rampant that primitive lichens and bacteria may exist on Mars, in Venus= atmosphere or perhaps even on a large moon of Jupiter or Saturn. Regardless, our local star system has been more or less eliminated for extraterrestrial life, based on our knowledge of what conditions are necessary for life to be viable, such as heat, light, water, etc. Where else might it occur?

The next nearest star system to us is the Centauri triplet of stars right next door, only 25,241,000,000,000 miles away! (That=s about 4.3 light years in astronomical terms; it takes light waves more than four years just to reach us from those stars, as the crow flies.) For various reasons, scientists have decided that the Centauri stars are unsuitable for life, so we must look elsewhere. Other nearby stars could also be eliminated as well; Sirius is too hot, Ross 248 is too cool, and others bear only a passing resemblance to our own star, Sol, which is Ajust right. for life to evolve.

Some nearby stars, such as Tau Ceti and Epsilon Eridani, were the targets of an attempt to establish radio contact with extraterrestrial beings in the 1960s. Our messages apparently were not answered, so they don=t feel like answering, they weren=t listening, or they=re not there to begin with.

Let us suppose, though, that there are sentient beings somewhat like ourselves (with whatever degree of sentience you would like to believe we have) on a planet circling a relatively nearby star, perhaps Tau Ceti. For some obscure reason, they decide to visit us, and launch a rocket ship (or flying saucer) towards us with s elect group of cosmonauts on board. If they travel with a top speed of the fastest space vehicle Earth engineers have themselves launched in various directions, the one-way trip to Earth from Tau Ceti would take approximately fifty thousand years. This is because although Tau Ceti is eleven light years away from us, light travels at 186,000 miles per second, a speed which we can barely consider, let alone achieve.

It would be a long voyage, even if the Tau Cetians are placed in some sort of cryogenic suspension or stasis, or if they are extremely long-lived. There is no guarantee that their equipment would continue to function properly over such a long period of time. Not only that, as they travel, their home planet and the Earth itself will age in normal time; drastic geological and biological changes will occur in the course of fifty thousand years. We (or their kin) may not be here. Our technology and society may have advanced to an unbelievable level, or perhaps not.

It is the technology which may be the important factor. A possible scenario would be the following:



1.                  IF their star began its planet-forming process before our own Sun did, then they may very well be far in advance of us technologically; and


2.                  IF they are more advanced than us, they may have been able to design spacecraft that can attain velocities far in excess of our own capabilities, perhaps even speeds a significant fraction of light; and


3.                  IF the can obtain such velocities, then a fifty-thousand-year could be condensed into a much shorter time span, perhaps only a few years or months; and


4.                  IF they decided that a trip was warranted, they might choose to visit Earth; then


5.                  IF they are visiting us, their means of transportation here could be observed by us as UFOs.


Or not.

Canada has a rich history of folktales, legends and myths embedded within its mosaic of many cultures. Stories of mysterious flying objects, Alittle men. and fantastic devices have been part of ancient tradition as much they have been retold in slightly different forms as UFO sightings and abduction stories today. Whether they have any basis in fact is not as important as the consideration they are part our present-day culture and society. On TV, aliens have tried to sell us nasal decongestant and soda pop, while we were being told in other ads that the new Volkswagen Beetle was Aback-engineered. from a crashed flying saucer. Canada may indeed have been invaded by aliens, as judged by a sampling of our television programs, books, magazines and other materials and activities to be found across the nation which have connections to UFOs.

UFOs have been sighted and reported by Canadians since they were first known as flying saucers, and before that when they were called ghost rockets, mystery aeroplanes and balloons. Before that, they were unusual meteors or clouds, and simply odd lights in the sky. This book is a chronicle of the impact such observations have had on the lives of Canadians, whether they believe or disbelieve.



UFOs have been sighted and reported by Canadians since they were first known as flying saucers, and before that when they were called ghost rockets, mystery aeroplanes and balloons. Before that, they were unusual meteors or clouds, and simply odd lights in the sky. This book is a chronicle of the impact such observations have had on the lives of Canadians, whether they believe or disbelieve.

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