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Wayne P. Anderson

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· Travels Into Our Past: America's Living History Museums

· Offbeat Travel: Exploring the unexpected and mysterious

· Christina's Saga: From Norway to Dakota Territory


Short Stories
· Christina: Cabin Fever

· Christina meets the Lapps


Articles
· The Changing Face of Sex

· Beggars of India

· Hostage Situations

· Chinese Ghosts

· Chechnya/Russia Conflict

· The Mummies of Palermo

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Category: 

Psychology

Publisher:  AKA:yola / AKA-publishing ISBN-10:  9781936688 Type:  Non-Fiction
Pages: 

220

Copyright:  2012 ISBN-13:  9781936688135


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This book presents the latest information on human sexuality, including topics such as homosexuality, abortion, rape, and marriage and gender issues.

INTRODUCTION

 

One professional track of my life has been studying sexuality in all its forms. I have observed sexual attitudes and behavioral patterns during the past 50 years from three major modes—as therapist, researcher and professor. Each of these has contributed to building an ongoing picture of how sexual behavior has been evolving in the United States.

I was born at the beginning of the great depression in 1929, into a world where women were confined more or less to the home. Few worked outside the home, and those who did were very limited in what they were allowed to do. Some taught until they married.

`   Pregnant teachers were not allowed in the classroom; for some reason, some parents thought this would be exposing children to an indecency. Movies began to show some reality about sex in people’s lives, but that was stopped in 1934 with the introduction of the Hays office that forbade the use of words such as pregnant, profanity, and showing two people in bed together.

Women were expected to be virgins upon marriage; if they were not, many states allowed that as a reason for annulment. World War II temporarily changed the work rules for women, but at the end of the war many of them found themselves back in the home. It wasn’t until the sexual revolution of the late 1960s that women were allowed into a large number of fields of work.

I was a member of the generation that expected marriage to last and considered illegitimacy a horror. Birth control information was illegal. In some states condoms had to be labeled, “for prevention of disease only,” as if when you used one with the intent to stop pregnancy, you were breaking the law.

Homosexuals were still considered criminals or mentally ill or both, adultery was the one grounds for divorce in most states, and sex education was virtually nonexistent.

In the first chapter I give an overview of present day students’ attitudes toward sexuality. This is followed by a step back into history in chapter two in which I explore how anti-sexual the Victorian era of the late 1800s was and how this attitude put a straightjacket on women’s sexual behavior to the point that some believed that women were not sexually responsive and that decent women did not have orgasms. The next chapter on the tipping point explores what led up to the revolution of the late 1960s after which sexual behavior and attitudes were never the same.

The sexual revolution created a need for sex education, a topic that was not only just ignored by most universities, but also actively resisted regarding some topics in many universities including the University of Missouri-Columbia (UMC), where I have taught from 1963 to the present time, 2012.

In two chapters I explore my creation of a program to give students information about birth control and then a chapter on the development of a sex education course.

The second section explores developments in our understanding of love and bonding based on research on brain chemistry and love maps. We explore current college student attitudes toward sex differences based on observations they have made in my classes.

Changes in marriage and divorce are discussed and student reactions to marriage contracts explored. Women getting pregnant with the aid of modern science takes us into a realm that was once only treated in science fiction.

Because my first professional involvement in the world of sexuality was as a therapist, the third section of the book is about what I learned working with clients with sexual concerns. My first therapeutic endeavors were after I was made chair of a committee in 1966 that had the goal of eradicating homosexuality from the campus—a goal I eventually found I could not support. I learned about the policies established in 1948 at UMC that banished homosexuals from the campus and made the Student

Health Center and Counseling Services responsible for reporting homosexuals so they could be counseled out of the university. The university’s policies in this area led eventually to a U.S. Supreme Court decision against UMC.

At about this same time I began counseling rape victims who had also been in the closet because of the negative attitude that was taken toward someone who had been raped. The culture saw the violation of rape as something the victim had a part in causing.

The Sexual Revolution of 1968 was in full swing by the time I became aware that no one seemed to want to give the students information about birth control or problem pregnancies. As a result I undertook the role of sex educator and founded a group of students to visit dorms and Greek houses to provide birth control information.

As a supervisor of counselors in training I was also aware that, by and large, they handled the sex problems of their clients poorly. Many problems are the result of sexual ignorance. A graduate training program based on accurate information and successful treatment methods seemed the logical next move.

Several chapters are about the problems involved in developing training in the area and how these problems were solved, including my getting additional training at the Kinsey Institute and in workshops with Masters and Johnson.

In my work I typically have carried a small caseload, since I feel it is important that if I’m teaching students about therapeutic practices, I need to be doing therapy to keep up-to-date on what kinds of problems clients are having.

I was fortunate to have access for research to a pool of rapists in a maximum security ward in a nearby city enabling me to learn more about rapists and their behavior. Honor students and graduate students that I was teaching/supervising generated further information about the sex lives of students on campus.

With all of this background I felt comfortable in offering a graduate class on human sexuality in 1970. In 1971 I started teaching a small honors class. In 1973 I started teaching a large (growing from 180 students to 350) undergraduate class until my retirement in 1995. Following retirement for several years I continued to teach a summer course of 100 students and a fall honors course limited to 20 students that I continue to teach.

I have followed the changes in attitudes and behavior of college students using a number of methods. Some of the material in this book is based on reports I have received from students over the years about their observations on sex in their environment, including a chapter on their fantasies about sensuous encounters.

Two of my goals in writing this book are to give the general reader (1) a broad view of what accurate information has been gained recently in the sexual area and (2) what changes have happened in sexual attitudes and behavior during my work as a professor, researcher and therapist.




Excerpt

RAPE VICTIMS:
GETTING BEYOND THE GUILT

With the entry of rape victims into my client load in the mid ’60s,my education as a sex therapist continued. I don’t remember the first victim, but I do remember that the receptionist, who was very intuitive about which counselor should work with which client, began assigning me women who had traumatic sex histories. Although we didn’t call it post-traumatic stress disorder at that time, they had the symptoms we later recognized as such.
We probably had a greater number of victims coming in at this time because previously victims had not felt they could talk about what had happened to them, but with the change in attitudes toward sex there was a backlog of clients who needed to work on their trauma symptoms.
Certain symptoms were common with some being severe enough to prevent the victim from living a normal life. There was an over response to cues connected to the event, nightmares in which the incident was relived vivid enough to wake the victim in a panic, guilt for having caused the incident by some action or inaction on their part, and in some cases a fear of men in general.
Victims could respond to cues that were visual, auditory or even related to time of day. One client, who had been captured by the rapist coming out from behind a wall at Stephens College as she walked past it at night, became nervous when walking past any wall at night. The time cue was from several women who had been raped in their rooms by someone coming in a window. They would wake in a nervous state at that time of the night.
Nightmares were frequent and often lasted for years. One client had been having the same nightmare for six years. This was one symptom that I was most successful treating with a minimum of work by helping them rewrite the script of the dream and practicing it while under hypnosis in my office.
The guilt was very difficult to work with and was reported in a number of clusters. It appeared that if the victims could find things they had done that provoked the rapists, they could feel some control over the events and prevent future attacks. If the rape was completely out of their control, they had the feeling they were living in a dangerous environment where bad things could happen at any time regardless of what they did to protect themselves.
Guilt was exacerbated by the mental set of the time of some police, hospital staff and jury members who felt that if a woman got raped it was her own fault. One victim had dropped out of school and took a lower level job and took to alcohol. She saw me two years after the rape and still felt guilty about her part in the rape. She had been working at the hospital, came out of the hospital and walked to her car, which had a van parked next to it. When she unlocked her door, the van door slid open and a man reached out and took her into the van. Two men took her into the country, raped her, and discussed different things they could do with her as if she were an object. They took her back into town and dropped her off. The guilt? “I shouldn’t have parked my car so far from the door; and when I saw the van parked next to it, I should have been more cautious.”
Statements from other victims concerned what kind of clothes they were wearing, drinking too much, and trusting the offender.
Another source of guilt was not taking more action, such as trying to fight the man off or screaming. Most of the women described how they went weak and lost the ability to fight as soon as the man got close enough to grab them or make a threat to hurt or kill them if they didn’t cooperate. This often did serious damage to the victim’s self image. Having once believed she could successfully fight off an attacker or persuade him not to carry through, she now had lost that image of potency and was left with only feelings of vulnerability.
Later I got some insight into this when I interviewed a sentenced rapist at Maximum Security Prison in Jefferson City. He had started as a voyeur, who actually climbed into women’s rooms and watched them sleep. One of them awoke, screamed and said, “Please don’t hurt me; I’ll do anything you want.” He fled, but thought about it and the next time raping the victim, not only watching, was his goal. One victim indicated to him that it had been very exciting.
This was what he had really wanted in a victim, and when she asked why didn’t he come back the next night, he did. “And you know, the bitch had the cops waiting for me.” He sounded truly amazed at her strategy.
Occasionally I would have a client who had successfully fought the offender off. A classic in my mind was the slightly built woman who was seeing me for vocational counseling who had had a rape incident. She and her roommate had worked late, taken a swim in a nearby pool and came back to their basement apartment.
She went to take a shower and heard a noise, cracked the door to look out and saw her roommate being held by a man with a knife in his hand. Her thought process was, “The cops will be here soon, I need a cover.” She threw a towel over her shoulder. “I’ll need a weapon.” She ripped the towel rack off, and went out swinging it. She moved fast, knocked the knife out his hand. He grabbed the rack from her hand; she picked up the TV set and threw it at him.
He yelled something about, “You bitches are crazy,” and ran out the door.
Later in the week as she was walking down the street, she saw him standing on a ladder painting a house. She called the police; several victims identified him in a lineup and he was convicted.
At that time it was estimated that only a small percentage of rapes were reported to the police, and even a fewer number successfully prosecuted. Besides the embarrassment and guilt there were other reasons in those days to avoid reporting. First was the behavior of some police officers. Some asked such questions as, “Were you
a virgin?’ The implication being that if you weren’t, it couldn’t be rape. “What were you doing in the area?” “Had you been drinking?”
The questions did reinforce the victim’s feeling that she had done something wrong or was in some way responsible for the rape.
Some hospital personnel had similar attitudes, and some victims had been treated rudely when they reported to the hospital. Since many of them had been injured by the rough handling of the rapists, they needed some care and a checkup. This was before DNA samples were taken.

Professional Reviews
Changing Face of Sex
When asked to review a book written by a friend and fellow journalist, one becomes a bit nervous not wanting to be too easy or too hard. This was especially true when my friend Yolanda suggested that I review The Changing Face of Sex by my friend Wayne Anderson.
Knowing Wayne’s background and his esteemed position at the University of Missouri, I was more curious about the writing than the content. After all, we all know about sex and what has happened in the last century. But this turned out to be more than just the history of the sexual revolution.
The Changing Face of Sex is a memoir of the Dr. Anderson’s experiences though years of research and teaching human sexuality at the University of Missouri. This is his observations and comments as to the evolution of the American attitude concerning sex as achieved during his years teaching and counseling.
From the Victorian era of male ownership of women to the sexual revolution of the 1960’s to today’s teens and young adults attending college, Dr. Anderson attends to the history as if he were nurturing his own children. Each chapter is quietly gathered with comments, opinions and facts, including remarks from students concerning their sexuality, sex and relationships; hetero- and homosexual.
Anderson also speaks to issues that will make some uncomfortable; homosexuality and rape. It was in this section where some of the more insightful stories are told and Anderson’s relationship with sexuality seems to mature.
This section, titled “The need for therapists who don’t get all shook up” is as much a personal glimpse of a therapist coming of age as it is a look at the intimacy of the therapist/patient relationship. His discussions concerning not only the rape victim but the rapist himself is something I believe should be included in the preparation of future psychotherapists.
The other chapter I found most interesting is “Marriage and Divorce.” Again, once the reader gets to the facts, studies and comments, you will find a great deal of good information concerning the human need for personal relationships, especially the growth, leveling and death of “love.”
Is this a book for the general public? Not really, but it is a book for those who wish to understand the growth of the women’s liberation and LBGT movements. Or for those who know Anderson and his wife Carla.
Does this book have its short comings? Yes and no. Once the reader gets beyond the format of the personal memoir (of which I am also guilty in my writings), then the information is fascinating and quite revealing. More so, I believe that every parent of a teenaged child or newly minted college student needs to read – to be prepared for the fact that their kid is having sex.
I was expecting a dry, academic discourse concerning the life and times of human sexuality. What I received was an enjoyable discussion wrapped in the writer’s personal experience.
David Rosman from InkandVoice Communication




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Wayne P. Anderson



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