AuthorsDen.com   Join (Free!) | Login  

     Popular! Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry
   Services MarketPlace (Free to post!)
Where Authors and Readers come together!

SIGNED BOOKS    AUTHORS    eBOOKS new!     BOOKS    STORIES    ARTICLES    POETRY    BLOGS    NEWS    EVENTS    VIDEOS    GOLD    SUCCESS    TESTIMONIALS

Featured Authors:  Nordette Adams, iJudith Mays, iFrederick Brooke, iSteve Coltman, iWilliam Bonilla, iVenkataraman Gopalakrishnan, iMaryAngela Nangini, i

  Home > Language > Articles Popular: Books, Stories, Articles, Poetry     

Paul JJ Payack

· Become a Fan
· Contact me
· Books
· Articles
· News
· Stories
· 41 Titles
· Save to My Library
· Share with Friends!
·
Member Since: Before 2003

Paul JJ Payack, click here to update your pages on AuthorsDen.




Featured Book
Love Legends: A Fantasy Romance Boxed Set (5 Book Bundle)
by Sky Purington

Steal the keys to five realms with these five fantasy romances for a mere $.99 with this bundle simply bursting with love, lust, and power games. From witches and werewol..  
BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members


Featured Book
WALL Love, Sex and Immortality
by Stan Law (aka Stanislaw Kapuscinski)

If for you the world is not enough, read this novel. Stan Law accepts no limitations...  
BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members





   Recent articles by
Paul JJ Payack

Number of Words in the English Language
The Ten UnCommandments of Corporate Communications By Paul JJ Payack
Dispatch From the Front Lines
History of the Infinity Symbol by Paul JJ Payack
Top Ten Words of 2002: Don't misunderestimate Bushisms
Marginalia: The Careless Steps of a Gull by Paul JJ Payack
Ground zero tops 2001 word list on CNN
Top Ten Words of 2000 on CNN
Introduction to Mythomania by Sylvia L. Berkman
Interview With the Inventor of Words (The WordMan) by Paul JJ Payack
The Last Speaker of the Proto-Indo-European Language by Paul JJ Payack
How the Zero was Discovered by Paul JJ Payack
           >> View all

Egad! What's the 'chad' blocking the path to the White House? on CNN
By Paul JJ Payack   

Last edited: Wednesday, June 04, 2003
Posted: Wednesday, June 04, 2003

Share    Print   Save    Become a Fan


ATLANTA, Georgia (CNN) -- The final answer to who's going to be the next U.S. president may be determined by "chad."

Egad! What's the 'chad' blocking the path to the White House?
November 13, 2000
Web posted at: 11:19 a.m. EST (1619 GMT)

ATLANTA, Georgia (CNN) -- The final answer to who's going to be the next U.S. president may be determined by "chad."

So who, or what, is chad?

A) A country in Africa?

B) The name of a saint?

C) Rob Lowe's brother?

D) A lowly scrap of paper that may decide who will be the next leader of the free world?

All four answers are correct. Chad is also the name of a couple of major league baseball players and one half of a British pop-singing duo from the '60s.

But if you guessed "D," you are informed enough to understand the vote counting process in Florida.

Politicians are tossing the term "chad" around as if everyone were familiar with the word. Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore's campaign adviser, George Mitchell, is among them.

"You can run those machine ballots through five times and you'll get five different totals because the chads fall off with each count," he said, explaining on "Fox News Sunday" the reason he believes ballots in Florida should be recounted by hand.

But Mitchell's use of "chads" betrayed his own lack of familiarity with the word. "Chad is its own plural," said Paul J.J. Payack, president and CEO of yourdictionary.com, which is based in California.

Bugs, chad and IBM
The Web site www.yourdictionary.com defines the word as follows:

1. The confetti-like scrap punched out of cards or paper tape (also "chaff," "computer confetti" or "keypunch droppings").


2. The perforated strips on the edge of paper for sprocket feed printers after they have been separated from the printed portion (also "perf," "perfory," or "snaf").


Etymology: Possibly from the last name of the inventor of the Chadless cardpunch, which cut U-shapes in punch cards, rather than open circles or rectangles. (The U's formed holes when folded back.)

"Chad" would then be a back-formation from "Chadless" misunderstood: If the Chadless keypunches don't produce it, other keypunches must produce "chad."

The word appears to have entered the national lexicon in the late 1940s, around the time people began to refer to "bug" as a computer glitch after a researcher blamed a moth among a group of vacuum tubes for affecting ENIAC, the primitive computer powered by thousands of such tubes, said Payack. That was also about the time when IBM began using punch cards that warned users not to fold, spindle or mutilate.

Chadometer needed
In Florida, vote-counters may have wished for a "chadometer" to measure whether a bit of chad is sufficiently dislodged to qualify it as "dangling."

When the hand recount began in Palm Beach County, the canvassing board there said it would count a vote if any of the corners of the chad were punched.

The board then decided that they would instead use the "sunlight test" -- if they could see sun through an indentation, it would count.

About a quarter of the way through the counting, however, a board member determined that the light test was flawed and told the other members to go back to the first test.

According to county spokesman Bob Nichols, there are five types of chad.

Ones that count:
Hanging door -- one corner hanging off
Swinging door -- two corners hanging off
Tri-chad -- three corners hanging off

Chads that don't count:
Pregnant -- bulges, but not punched through
Dimple -- simple indentation

Web Site: Chad and the 2000 US Presidential Election



Want to review or comment on this article?
Click here to login!


Need a FREE Reader Membership?
Click here for your Membership!



Bridging the Gap: Police - Japanese, Fifth Edition by Robert Wood

Nonverbal Japanese language communicator primarily for English speakers. Easy to use reference. Proven and effective tool...  
Featured BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members


Object Marking in Japanese: A Self-study Programmed Lesson by Robert Wood

This programmed, self-paced lesson focuses exclusively on the use of postpostions (ga and (w)o) with grammatical objects in the Japanese language without wavering or getting off tr..  
Featured BookAds by Silver
Gold and Platinum Members

Authors alphabetically: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Featured Authors | New to AuthorsDen? | Add AuthorsDen to your Site
Share AD with your friends | Need Help? | About us


Problem with this page?   Report it to AuthorsDen
AuthorsDen, Inc. All rights reserved.