In the following book, the author reveals:
Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements
Intellectuals Fought Back
When intellectuals were despised and almost all intellectual activities forbidden, a new generation of talented scholars with moral integrity emerged. They secretly made preparations to seize political power in order to save the nation and get the human right and freedom to pursue their intellectual activities. The author has quite a few friends of that generation. He attended a secret meeting of them in Shanghai in 1974 and learned at the meeting that one of their ways was to join the Party, rose to the top and transform the Party. A Shanghai faction has thus emerged.
Other intellectuals who were persecuted during the Cultural Revolution also wanted to fight back when the Cultural Revolution was over. Even those intellectuals like Fang Lizhi who were originally engaged in science and technology became political enthusiasts and spent most of their time in disseminating the idea of democracy among college students. There were campaigns for democracy one after another with Tiananmen as the climax.
Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievement
It was Tiananmen that enabled Jiang Zemin and the Shanghai Faction led by him to enter China’s power centre.
It was the pervasive fear created by Tiananmen throughout the Party that enabled Jiang Zemin to obtain real power. At a time when reform was doomed due to conservatives’ fierce opposition, Jiang exploited the fear to overcome the obstacles to the reform that were insurmountable before Tiananmen, and successfully carry out an economic reform more thorough than Deng Xiaoping’s and Zhao Ziyang’s
It was also Tiananmen that enabled Jiang Zemin to carry out a political reform that was in essence a silent peaceful coup d’état to establish intellectuals’ dominance of the Party.
Jiang’s Three Represents 1) establishes intellectuals’ dominance of the Party and state; 2) justifies the Party’s pursuit of capitalism by Marxist theory; and 3) opens the Party to the whole people and has thus provided a possible route to democracy in China. All the above will be described fully in this book.
China’s Art of War says in Chapter 5, “In all fighting, ingenious surprise move shall be taken to win the battle while frontal engagement is being carried out.”
Tiananmen was the frontal engagement while the new generation of intellectuals in the Shanghai Faction led by Jiang Zemin was the special task force taking the ingenious surprise move to attack the headquarters and win the battle.
Without Tiananmen, that ingenious surprise move would not have succeeded.