Science, natural history, religious and mythical analysis, semantics and philosophical understanding. All disciplines united are needed to understand the roots of our civilization and culture. The whole truth is a synthesis of all the partial truths and nobody has a shortage of their own theories, but understanding what "MIGHT" have happened or really did is every bit as important to where we are today and where we may end up!
As the final act of the Deluge drama unfolded according to the Bible, Elohim assured the human survivors (Noah and his family) that such a calamity never again would happen. In Hebrew Elohim is a plural name for Lord God and more properly should be termed the Elohim or Lords, gods. Like many other aspects of the Genesis account from Chapter 2 on, there is a distinct difference in the use of the name of God than as referred to in the first chapter. The first chapter of Genesis refers to a singular, monotheistic God of All Creation. . There is a distinct sense of beings or a being intricately involved in man’s affairs.
Elohim said to Noah (who was known in the Sumer account as Atra-hasis or Utnapishtim): “I place my bow in the clouds as a covenant between me and the Earth.” In the Mesopotamian versions, the deity who covenanted with the survivors at Mount Ararat was indeed shown in their tablets as a bow-holding god in the clouds dressed in the garb of aeronauts (typically depicted in Sumerian myths) and sporting wings holding a bow with a missile like projectile. Though the Biblical account has always been taken as simple allegory, the bow meaning a rainbow of hope and promise, scholars have proven without a doubt that the Bible’s version was modeled and inherited from the original Sumerian Deluge myths and reshaped to fit a monotheistic concept of God.
Scientific and public concern over Earth’s current warming because of man’s fuel consumption and thinning ozone layers over the poles has led to extensive studies of past climates. Most important are the effects on Antarctica and the southern ice sheets. Evidence has been gathered on the composition of Earth’s past atmosphere from drilling ice cores in Greenland and Antarctica. ice sheets have been probed with imaging radar, sedimentary rocks, ocean mud, ancient corals and microscopic deposits have been studied, and ancient shorelines have been determined, all as evidence of how earth has emerged from past climate change regimes, particularly the last Pleistocene Ice Age. All the evidence points to the last ice age ending abruptly about 13,000 years ago involving global flooding.
Justifiably so, today’s climatologists are focused on the feared catastrophic results of Earth’s warming on the Antarctic’s ice. The smaller ice sheets are in the west beneath the American continents and South Pacific islands; already we have lost significant portions of those, which by modeling can result in raising the world’s ocean levels by 20 feet or more with only a 2° warming. We’ve seen at least half of this warming already. But most catastrophic would be the slippage of the great eastern ice sheet, which stretches in the Southern Ocean beneath Africa, the Indian subcontinent and beneath Australia. As a result of a water-mud lubricant forming along the bottom of this vast sheet from a combination of warming, sheer pressure and seismic activity which can cause slippage, the sheet is feared to be subject to slipping “in mass” into the ocean raising sea levels by an astounding 200 or more feet! (See: Scientific American, March 1993). Would this be a gradual and benign process? Not likely, but rather an abrupt and cataclysmic one, causing a massive oceanic tidal wall (landslide tsunamis) that would charge northward drowning the continental coastlines in massive depths of water creating chaos and destruction.
If it should slip all at once, the tidal walls of displaced ocean water would be so immense and cover such a long front that no coastline or island in any ocean basin would escape inundation since all the ocean basins connect in the bottom southern ocean. Little dry land of most islands would be left, except the highest mountainous peaks of some; and every continent would experience drowning of its coastal plains and cities many miles inland and hundreds of feet in depth. The worst part, this water would not recede like local storm surges or earthquake tsunami events. The death toll would be impossibly high.
What I’m suggesting in my article on “the Deluge” of the Bible and other myths at the end of the last Ice Age circa 10,000 B.C. is just what may have happened once. The Sumerian “myths” relate (an historical tale forming a basis of their knowledge and religion) the passing of a cosmic body or planet they called Marduk or Nibiru which may have interacted with Earth probably ca. 10th millennium BC exerting such a gravitational pull that it provided the nudge the ancient Antarctic ice sheets needed to slip into the southern deeps after many centuries of gradual warming. There is good evidence it happened, and that the Biblical and Sumerian Deluge accounts are neither mythical nor local, they were global.
Evidence for the Earth’s great deluge at the end of the last ice age has been reported in Science (15 January 1993). It was cataclysmic, rushing at an estimated rate of 650 million cubic feet per second!! Evidence as been gathered near the Caspian Sea that such a flood streamed through the barrier of the Atlay Mountains in a 1500 ft. wall of water at just such a rate. In those times, coming from the south, as all the Sumerian and Biblical accounts attest, and rushing up the funnel of the Persian Gulf, the initial onslaught wave would indeed have overwhelmed all the land and mountains up to the highest peaks found near Mount Ararat. Here is where the Sumerian’s tablets relate that their flood hero (Atra-hasis also known as Gilgamesh) was told by his “Lord” Enki (a Sumerian god) that he must point his submersible boat. This is where the classic biblical tale has Noah disembark after 11 months of flooding on the only high ground in the Mesopotamian world. These high peaks would have escaped the inundation in that part of the world then, and if it happened again today with a smaller eastern Antarctic ice sheet.
Can a knowing world, gifted with the tools of technology and science allow such a chance to be taken again? I think only the most irresponsible and insane would answer, yes.
An exact date or event to correlate the Biblical Deluge story, as well as the earlier parallels in the Sumerian tablets and numerous similar myths in world tribal cultures has never been accepted by conventional science. Science rarely crosses field specialties to synthesize theories in an interdisciplinary approach. That work is left to inspired individuals or special teams that may suddenly unearth new data. But finding a “single smoking gun” for an event or series of events like a global cataclysmic event is highly unlikely; dating it would be another matter indeed. With recent improvements in scientific dating, ranging from improved radiocarbon dating to various “chemical & organic” analysis using core and sediment samples that slow process is going on. The data is available and some “inspired” individuals or groups of people are looking at it and seeing likely possibilities. In searching for clues to a possible global Deluge in the B.C. period we can apply the same methods today’s astronomers use to search the galaxy for extra-solar planets. They use the data to look in the most likely places first. Likewise, we can “search” the dating data to look at the most likely periods and events in the post Pleistocene Ice Age period that might tell us of a global flooding event. In the approximate 14,000-year period going back to the end of the last ice age, do we see any clues in the sampling data to large global changes in climate, atmosphere, sea levels and sediments? Are there any remarkable peaks in that data that belie those abrupt and extreme changes? Regardless of what technique you use, we see at least three large peaks going back to about 14,000 B.C. when the ice age began to loosen its grip. A truly global change in conditions could represent a Deluge event of epic proportions as related in many ancient accounts. There are at least two peaks that are recent enough in relation to man to form the basis of such accounts.
Iridium is an element rare on earth but found in high amounts in cosmic dust particles and objects like comets and supernova ejecta. The lighter line on the graph in the shaded area abruptly peaks in the period from the middle to just after the end of the Younger Dryas climate episode. This is from about 10,500 B.C. (12,500 yrs. BP) to almost 9500 B.C. than it rapidly falls off by 8500 B.C. only to peak yet again later on at 8000 yrs BP or around 6000 B.C. Two major impact events left their signature in the Greenland ice cores indicating the atmosphere was full of the element.
Helium-3 is not the type of Helium found commonly on earth (that is Helium-4) It is common in comets and interplanetary dust particles (or IDP’s). Ocean sediment samples from the Arabian Sea (not far from Biblical lands and Mesopotamia!) again show two distinct spikes in the element (the blacker line graph) that found its way into our atmosphere. Were those two peaks that coincide with the iridium reflective of two massive bombardment episodes in earth’s post ice age history? These events precede man’s civilizations by a few millennia. They certainly would have been accompanied by cataclysmic events such as vast fires, atmospheric heating followed by darkness and abrupt cooling, disruption of the ice caps, ocean tsunamis and climate change.
* This article has been a synopsis of ideas from a chapter in Zecharia Sitchin’s “Divine Encounters” and an article of my own entitled: The ‘PHAETON’ Disaster & the Biblical Deluge as Background in the Ancient History Novel: THE GOLDEN FLUTE –
This uses some material from the other two resource books listed below:
1. Divine Encounters, a guide to visions, angels, and other emissaries, Sitchin, Zecharia; Avon Books, 1995.
2. Cataclysm! – Compelling Evidence of a Cosmic Catastrophe in 9500 B.C., D.S. Allan & J.B. Delair, Bear & Company, Rochester, VT, 1995.
3. The Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes in the History of Civilization – Richard Firestone, Allen West, Bear & Co., Rochester, VT, 2006.
Fascinating when earth tells her story! I wonder if recent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions have anything to do with ice-melt-- and who's fault it really is (sorry, couldn't resist!). Anyhow, it sounds like we'll be in store for many more odd earth shifts and behavior (for our time at least). Living on top of a major fault line may not be such a good idea about now. Maybe I'll move to Missouri. --Charlie
Reviewed by Peter Schlosser (Reader)
Cool article. If you've never done so, check Michael Tsarion on the Internet. He speaks a lot about Nibiru, the Annunaki, etc. Fascinating stuff. Jordan Maxwell is another one you should check out. I'm familiar with Sitchin's work too.
Very well-written and researched. An asteroid hitting Antarctica could have caused ice sheet melt and/or slippage. The resulting cooling of the oceans could have caused the last, most severe ice age of a thousand years, killing the Clovis people and the large North American prehistoric animals.